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Biomedical and Life Sciences

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  1. Content type: Research

    Small giant clam, Tridacna maxima, widely distributed from French Polynesia to East Africa, has faced population declines due to over-exploitation. Comoros islands are an important biogeographic region due to po...

    Authors: Nadjim Ahmed Mohamed, Qian Yu, Mohamed Ibrahim Chanfi, Yangping Li, Shi Wang, Xiaoting Huang and Zhenmin Bao

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1852

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in SpringerPlus 2016 5:2017

  2. Content type: Research

    In our previous studies, we discovered a series of chalcone-based phytopathogenic fungus inhibitors. However, knowledge of their effects, detailed targets and molecular mechanisms in Magnaporthe oryzae (M. oryza...

    Authors: Hui Chen, Xiaoyun Wang, Hong Jin, Rui Liu and Taiping Hou

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1851

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  3. Content type: Research

    Frozen shoulder is a disease in which shoulder becomes stiff. Accurate diagnosis of frozen shoulder is helpful in providing economical and effective treatment for patients. This research provides the classific...

    Authors: Humaira Batool, M. Usman Akram, Fouzia Batool and Wasi Haider Butt

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1840

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  4. Content type: Short report

    The Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) is a new patient-reported instrument, which measures symptoms related to Central Sensitivity Syndromes and Central Sensitization. The aim of this study was to translat...

    Authors: Antonio Ignacio Cuesta-Vargas, Cristina Roldan-Jimenez, Randy Neblett and Robert J. Gatchel

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1837

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  5. Content type: Research

    Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 (SOCS3) gene belongs to SOCS family as one of the negative regulators of cytokine signaling and IFN response that function via the JAK-STAT pathway in antiviral response. SOC...

    Authors: Rabia Aslam, Syed Mohsin Raza, Humeira Naeemi, Bushra Mubarak, Nadeem Afzal and Saba Khaliq

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1826

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  6. Content type: Research

    Because most transient transformation techniques are inadequate for functional genomics research in roots, we aimed to develop a simple and efficient Agrobacterium-mediated transient transformation system that ut...

    Authors: Lihua Zhong, Yuepeng Zhang, Houcheng Liu, Guangwen Sun, Riyuan Chen and Shiwei Song

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1825

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  7. Content type: Research

    Blackleg is one of the major bacterial infections causing tremendous economic losses to cattle herders in many parts of Ethiopia. Despite the huge burden, no comprehensive studies have quantified the impact or...

    Authors: Birhanu Ayele, Worku Tigre and Benti Deressa

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1822

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  8. Content type: Research

    This study was performed to investigate the effects of air pollution and seasonality on the respiratory symptoms and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) of outpatients with respiratory diseases in Ulaanbaa...

    Authors: Motoyuki Nakao, Keiko Yamauchi, Yoko Ishihara, Bandi Solongo and Dashtseren Ichinnorov

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1817

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  9. Content type: Research

    Melioidosis caused by gram negative bacteria, B. pseudomallei, is a fatal disease in the tropical and sub-tropical regions. However, sporadic cases have been reported in elsewhere. Early detection is imperative t...

    Authors: Sumet Wajanarogana and Kanyanan Kritsiriwuthinan

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1814

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  10. Content type: Research

    In developing countries like Nepal, gastrointestinal infections due to various parasites are common causes of morbidity and mortality in children. Present study was carried out from June 2013 to December 2013,...

    Authors: Sachita Dhital, Narayan Dutt Pant, Sanjeev Neupane, Saroj Khatiwada, Bijay Gaire, Jeevan Bahadur Sherchand and Padma Shrestha

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1813

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  11. Content type: Research

    The aim of the present study was to compare weekly physical activity (PA) and obesity-related markers in athlete and non-athlete university students. One hundred and twenty-six university students (53 males, ...

    Authors: Filipe Manuel Clemente, Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis, Fernando Manuel Lourenço Martins and Rui Sousa Mendes

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1808

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  12. Content type: Research

    The genus Polianthes belongs to the subfamily Agavoideae of the Asparagaceae family formerly known as Agavaceae. The genus is endemic to México and comprises about 15 species, among them is Polianthes tuberosa L....

    Authors: Alejandra G. González-Gutiérrez and Benjamín Rodríguez-Garay

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1804

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  13. Content type: Research

    Our study focuses on the antimicrobial susceptibility, genotypic and phenotypic heterogeneity, and serotype classification of the Streptococcus mutans isolated from type II diabetic patients (n = 25; age 42–68). ...

    Authors: Arpan De, Guido Pasquantonio, Loredana Cerroni, Dezemona Petrelli, Davide Lauro, Marta Longhi and Luca A. Vitali

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1794

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  14. Content type: Research

    In the altiplano of Northern Chile the plant Senecio nutans is habitually used as an infusion to relieve the effects of altitude sickness (locally known as “puna”). It is also used to alleviate the bronchitis, wh...

    Authors: Adrian Paredes, Yanett Leyton, Carlos Riquelme and Glauco Morales

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1788

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  15. Content type: Research

    The invasive weed species Gutenbergia cordifolia has been observed to suppress native plants and to dominate more than half of the entire crater floor (250 km2) in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA). As this ...

    Authors: Issakwisa B. Ngondya, Linus K. Munishi, Anna C. Treydte and Patrick A. Ndakidemi

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1787

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  16. Content type: Research

    As the king of herb plants, ginseng has been used for nearly 5000 years in medicines in Asia and recently in the West. Ginsenosides, the main active constituents in Panax herbs, have prominent immunoregulatory e...

    Authors: Jia Liu, Yang Liu, Long Zhao, Zhong-Hua Zhang and Zhong-Hua Tang

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1770

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  17. Content type: Research

    The absence or deficiency of DNA mismatch repair (MMR) activity results in microsatellite instability (MSI) in cancer. The avian leukosis virus (ALV) causes neoplastic disease in chickens. In this study, the s...

    Authors: Da-wei Yao, Li Zhan, Yu-fang Hong, Jian-xin Liu, Jia-rong Xu and De-ji Yang

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1756

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  18. Content type: Research

    Red panda (Ailurus fulgens) is threatened across its range by detrimental human activities and rapid habitat changes necessitating captive breeding programs in various zoos globally to save this flagship species...

    Authors: Arun Kumar, Upashna Rai, Bhupen Roka, Alankar K. Jha and P. Anuradha Reddy

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1750

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  19. Content type: Research

    This study determined the pathogenicity of Metarhizium anisopliae strain SD-3 against invasive red palm weevil (RPW), Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier (coleoptera:curculionidae) larvae in Hainan Province, China....

    Authors: Xiaodong Sun, Wei Yan, Jing Zhang, Xiaoqing Niu, Fuheng Li, Weiquan Qin and Guangchang Ma

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1748

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  20. Content type: Research

    Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from various foods are important due to their potential to inhibit microorganisms, including drug-resistant bacteria. The objectives of this investigation were to isolate an...

    Authors: Chirom Aarti, Ameer Khusro, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Paul Agastian and Naïf Abdullah Al-Dhabi

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1743

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  21. Content type: Research

    Paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy is not completely known. Since the sodium channel Nav1.7 has been implicated in pain perception, and is upregulated in pain disorders, we investigated the effect of pac...

    Authors: Yun Xiao, Zhongyuan Xia, Yang Wu and Bo Zhao

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1738

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  22. Content type: Research

    To investigate the effect of curcumin on the multivariate and docking analysis on peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-γ, the rats were fed with high fructose diet (Group 2) to induce insulin resistance ...

    Authors: Vasanthi Jayakumar, Shiek S. S. J. Ahmed and Kesavarao Kumar Ebenezar

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1732

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  23. Content type: Research

    A pathogen of giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, was recently recorded in a hatchery in Yogyakarta. The clinical symptom in post-larvae (PL) was a whitish appearance of the muscles in the tail. H...

    Authors: Murwantoko Murwantoko, Arif Bimantara, Roosmanto Roosmanto and Masashi Kawaichi

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1729

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  24. Content type: Case study

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of mobilization with movement and kinesiotherapy in the treatment of patients with lateral epicondylosis.

    Authors: Alexandre Marcio Marcolino, Lais Mara Siqueira das Neves, Bruna Gabriela Oliveira, Aline Aguiar Alexandre, Guilherme Corsatto, Rafael Inacio Barbosa and Marisa de Cássia Registro Fonseca

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1718

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  25. Content type: Research

    Witches’ broom disease of lime (WBDL) is a serious phytoplasma disease of acid lime in Oman, the UAE and Iran. Despite efforts to study it, no systemic study attempted to characterize the relationship among th...

    Authors: Shaikha Y. Al-Abadi, Abdullah M. Al-Sadi, Matthew Dickinson, Mohammed S. Al-Hammadi, Rashid Al-Shariqi, Rashid A. Al-Yahyai, Elham A. Kazerooni and Assunta Bertaccini

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1701

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  26. Content type: Research

    Candida spp. is the most prevalent species causing systemic fungal infections. The effect of antifungal agents were screened in vitro and their synergism effect were determined between hy...

    Authors: Wan Harun Himratul-Aznita, Che Omran Nor-Zulaila and Khairuddin Nurul-Fatihah

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1696

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  27. Content type: Short report

    The recent emergence of NADC30-like porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) in vaccinated pigs arose more attentions for the high incidents of mutation and recombination of PRRSVs.

    Authors: Xiangdong Li, Jiajun Wu, Feifei Tan, Yingying Li, Guobiao Ji, Jinshan Zhuang, Xinyan Zhai and Kegong Tian

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1677

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  28. Content type: Research

    Cancer cells rapidly acquire resistance leading to treatment failures. In the present study, we have evaluated the cytotoxicity of 17 methanol extracts from 11 Cameroonian medicinal plants against the sensiti...

    Authors: Victor Kuete, Joachim K. Dzotam, Igor K. Voukeng, Aimé G. Fankam and Thomas Efferth

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1666

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  29. Content type: Research

    Probiotics are microorganisms which when administered in adequate amounts confer health benefits to the host. A leading pharmaceutical company producing Bacillus coagulans as a probiotic was facing the problem o...

    Authors: Kavita R. Pandey, Chetan Joshi and Babu V. Vakil

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1654

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  30. Content type: Research

    EmrAB operon is known for multidrug resistance in bacteria and yet has not been reported related to heavy metal resistance or antibiotics/heavy metal co-resistance. Strain Staphylococcus ...

    Authors: He Zhang, Yantian Ma, Pu Liu and Xiangkai Li

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1648

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  31. Content type: Research

    There is an ongoing discussion how to assess acute mountain sickness (AMS) in real life conditions. Next to more-item scales with a cut off like the Lake Louise Self-Report (LLS), some authors suggested to use...

    Authors: Anika Frühauf, Martin Burtscher, Elena Pocecco, Martin Faulhaber and Martin Kopp

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1646

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  32. Content type: Research

    The present study aims to assess the toxic effect of latex and ethanolic leaf extract of Calotropis procera (C. procera), in comparison to abamectin, on serum biomarkers of function and histological integrity of...

    Authors: Osama M. Ahmed, Hanaa I. Fahim, Magdy W. Boules and Heba Y. Ahmed

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1644

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  33. Content type: Research

    Stemphylium lycopersici is an important pathogen causing leaf spot of tomatoes worldwide. Although much information is available about the pathogen, little is known about dynamics of S. l...

    Authors: Karima Al-Amri, Abdullah M. Al-Sadi, Adel Al-Shihi, Abbas Nasehi, Issa Al-Mahmooli and Mike L. Deadman

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1642

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  34. Content type: Research

    CpG islands in hepatitis B virus (HBV) genome are potential targets for methylation mediated gene silencing, and may be involved in the pathogenesis of HBV infection. To date, their characteristics in HBV quas...

    Authors: Yuan Xue, Ming-Jie Wang, Su-Yuan Huang, Zhi-Tao Yang, De-Min Yu, Yue Han, Ming-Yu Zhu, Dao Huang, Dong-Hua Zhang, Qi-Ming Gong and Xin-Xin Zhang

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1630

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  35. Content type: Research

    Mentha plants containing over 25 species are aromatic perennial herbs. These species have been interested and widely used because of various clinical findings. Many volatile compounds ...

    Authors: Yun Ji Park, Thanislas Bastin Baskar, Sun Kyung Yeo, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Soon Sung Lim and Sang Un Park

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1628

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  36. Content type: Research

    Heat stress had a negative effect on laying hens’ performance, thus this research was to study the influences of betaine (Bet, 1000 mg/kg betaine), vitamin C (VC, 200 mg/kg ascorbic acid), and vitamin E (VE, 1...

    Authors: Youssef A. Attia, Abd El-Hamid E. Abd El-Hamid, Ahmed A. Abedalla, Marfat A. Berika, Mohammed A. Al-Harthi, Osman Kucuk, Kazim Sahin and Baha M. Abou-Shehema

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1619

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  37. Content type: Research

    P-glycoprotein (P-gp), a well known efflux transporter in the blood brain barrier inhibits the uptake of substrate drugs into brain. The main aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of natural product base...

    Authors: D. Ravikumar Reddy, Amit Khurana, Swarna Bale, Ramu Ravirala, V. Samba Siva Reddy, M. Mohankumar and Chandraiah Godugu

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1618

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  38. Content type: Research

    Tilapia is one of the commercially important fish in Malaysia as well as in other parts of the world. An understanding of monogenean infection dynamics in tilapia fish may assist us in searching for some inte...

    Authors: Shen-Yin Lim, Ai-Lin Ooi and Wey-Lim Wong

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1609

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