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Biomedical and Life Sciences

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  1. Bisphenol A (BPA), the principal constituent of reusable water bottles, metal cans, and plastic food containers, has been shown to be involved in human prostate cancer (PCa) cell proliferation. The aim of the ...

    Authors: Sandra Derouiche, Marine Warnier, Pascal Mariot, Pierre Gosset, Brigitte Mauroy, Jean-Louis Bonnal, Christian Slomianny, Philippe Delcourt, Natalia Prevarskaya and Morad Roudbaraki

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:54

    Content type: Research

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  2. A quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay employing IS900 gene specific primers of Mycobacterium avium subsp. parartuberculosis (MAP) was compared with conventional PCR, bacterial culture and enzyme-linked immuno...

    Authors: Ganesh G Sonawane and Bhupendra N Tripathi

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:45

    Content type: Research

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  3. The objectives of this study were to detect genes for virulence and bacteriocins in addition to studying the antimicrobial susceptibility of 78 strains of E. faecalis isolated from water wells for human consumpti...

    Authors: Carlos Padilla and Olga Lobos

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:43

    Content type: Research

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  4. In recent years, bean common bacterial blight (CBB) caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (Xap) has caused serious yield losses in several countries. CBB is considered mainly a foliar disease in which sym...

    Authors: Alireza Akhavan, Masoud Bahar, Homa Askarian, Mohammad Reza Lak, Abolfazl Nazemi and Zahra Zamani

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:41

    Content type: Review

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  5. Three-dimensional femoral trabecular architecture was investigated in tail-suspended young growing rats and the effects of jump exercise during the period of tail-suspension were also examined. Eight-week-old ...

    Authors: Yong-In Ju, Teruki Sone, Kazuhiro Ohnaru, Hak-Jin Choi, Kyung-A Choi and Masao Fukunaga

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:35

    Content type: Research

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  6. Six morphometric traits (height at withers, body length, chest girth, ear length, tail length and body weight) were analyzed to characterize from a breed point of view 1981 sheep from four ovine breeds (Bellar...

    Authors: Dinesh Kumar Yadav, Anand Jain, Viswanath Sheshagirirao Kulkarni, Mandera Giriyappa Govindaiah, Thimmappa Aswathnarayan and Devinder Kumar Sadana

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:29

    Content type: Research

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  7. Microcarriers are widely used for the large-scale culture of attachment-dependent cells with increased cell densities and, ultimately, higher product yield. In these processes, the specific culture conditions ...

    Authors: Ana Rita Costa, Joanne Withers, Maria Elisa Rodrigues, Niaobh McLoughlin, Mariana Henriques, Rosário Oliveira, Pauline M Rudd and Joana Azeredo

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:25

    Content type: Research

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  8. Brief episodes of hypotension have been shown to cause acute brain damage inanimal models. We used a rat hemorrhagic shock model to assess functionaloutcome and to measure the relative neuronal damage at 1, 4 ...

    Authors: Rafael E Chaparro, Carolina Quiroga, Gerardo Bosco, Diana Erasso, Alessandro Rubini, Devanand Mangar, Andrea Parmagnani and Enrico M Camporesi

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:23

    Content type: Research

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  9. Alteration in body composition, physical function, and substrate metabolism occur with advancing age. These changes may be attenuated by exercise. This study examined whether twenty eight, previously sedentary...

    Authors: Lawrence D Hayes, Fergal M Grace, Nick Sculthorpe, Peter Herbert, John WT Ratcliffe, Liam P Kilduff and Julien S Baker

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:18

    Content type: Research

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  10. The expression and regulation of intestinal oligopeptide transporter (PepT)-1 when vegetable sources are used as a substitute for fish meal in the diet of marine fish has not yet been explored. In the present ...

    Authors: Genciana Terova, Lidia Robaina, Marisol Izquierdo, AnnaGiulia Cattaneo, Silvia Molinari, Giovanni Bernardini and Marco Saroglia

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:17

    Content type: Research

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  11. A fusion protein comprising a cell penetrating and immunostimulatory peptide corresponding to residues 32 to 51 of the Limulus polyphemus protein linked to human papillomavirus (HPV)-16 E7 antigen (LALF32-51-E7) ...

    Authors: Milaid Granadillo, Aileen Batte, Victoria M Lugo, Alexis Musacchio, Mónica Bequet-Romero, Lázaro Betancourt, Vladimir Besada, Luis Javier, Raychel Molina, Viviana Falcón and Isis Torrens

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:12

    Content type: Research

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  12. In an attempt to screen out cellulase producing bacteria from herbivorous animal fecal matter it was possible to isolate a potent bacterium from cow dung. The bacterium was identified as Bacillus sp. using 16S rD...

    Authors: Sangrila Sadhu, Pradipta Saha, Sukanta K Sen, Shanmugam Mayilraj and Tushar Kanti Maiti

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:10

    Content type: Research

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  13. Wood products are highly exposed to infestation by powder post beetles. Dinoderus minutus (bamboo borer) is a wood boring beetle that seriously damage dried bamboo and finished bamboo products. Management of D. m...

    Authors: Ahmad R Norhisham, Faizah Abood, Muhamad Rita and Khalid Rehman Hakeem

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:9

    Content type: Research

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  14. Eighty four halotolerant bacterial strains were isolated from the saline habitats and screened for growth at different NaCl concentrations. All grew well at 5% NaCl, but only 25% isolates showed growth at 20% ...

    Authors: Dhanushkodi Ramadoss, Vithal K Lakkineni, Pranita Bose, Sajad Ali and Kannepalli Annapurna

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:6

    Content type: Research

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  15. Recent research of blind mole rats of the species complex Nannospalax (superspecies leucodon) identified a small and fragmented population of these rodents on both sides of the Hungarian-Serbian border. Cytogenet...

    Authors: Attila Németh, György Krnács, Virág Krizsik, Tamás Révay, Dávid Czabán, Nikola Stojnić, János Farkas and Gábor Csorba

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:2

    Content type: Research

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  16. This study evaluated the suitability of flaxseed oil as a source of supplemental dietary lipid for fingerlings of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Triplicate groups of the 30 fingerlings held under identical ...

    Authors: Ali Masiha, Nasrollah Mahboobi Soofiani, Eisa Ebrahimi, Mahdi Kadivar and Mohammad Reza Karimi

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:1

    Content type: Research

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  17. Efforts were made to utilize the waste/by-product of two agro-process industries namely pressmud from sugar processing industries and spent yeast from distilleries manufacturing ethanol from cane molasses, for...

    Authors: Rahul Kumar and Balakrishnan Kesavapillai

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:81

    Content type: Research

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  18. There are various methods for detection of Helicobacter pylori and the gold standard for non-invasive detection is the urea breath test (UBT). The aim of the study is therefore to detect H. pylori from the stool ...

    Authors: Stella I Smith, Muinah A Fowora, Olufunmilayo A Lesi, Elizabeth Agbebaku, Peter Odeigah, Fatimah B Abdulkareem, Charles A Onyekwere, Chimere A Agomo and Monica Contreras

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:78

    Content type: Research

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  19. Bovine tuberculosis is an important infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium bovis, which is responsible for considerable economic losses. This disease constitutes a serious public health problem. Control progr...

    Authors: Ingrid IF Souza, Elaine SP Melo, Carlos AN Ramos, Thaís A Farias, Ana Luiza AR Osório, Klaudia SG Jorge, Carlos ES Vidal, Altino S Silva, Márcio R Silva, Aiesca O Pellegrin and Flábio R Araújo

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:77

    Content type: Research

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  20. Cow dung, a cheap and easily available source of energy, was used as the substrate for the production of alkaline protease by solid-state fermentation using the Bacillus subtilis strain VV. In order to achieve th...

    Authors: Ponnuswamy Vijayaraghavan, Aija Vijayan, Arumugaperumal Arun, John Kennady Jenisha and Samuel Gnana Prakash Vincent

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:76

    Content type: Research

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  21. To engineer trehalose metabolism in sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrids) two transgenes were introduced to the genome: trehalose-6-phosphate synthase- phosphatase (TPSP), to increase trehalose biosynthesis and an R...

    Authors: Brian P O’Neill, Matthew P Purnell, Lars K Nielsen and Stevens M Brumbley

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:74

    Content type: Research

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  22. Chitin is the second most abundant polymer in nature after cellulose and plays a major role in fungal cell walls. As a producer of variety of chitinase enzymes Trichoderma has become an important means of biologi...

    Authors: Toshy Agrawal and Anil S Kotasthane

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:73

    Content type: Research

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  23. Seven isolates of bacteria (SRI-156, SRI-158, SRI-178, SRI-211, SRI-229, SRI-305 and SRI-360) were earlier reported by us as having potential for biocontrol of charcoal rot of sorghum and plant growth promotio...

    Authors: Subramaniam Gopalakrishnan, HD Upadhyaya, Srinivas Vadlamudi, Pagidi Humayun, Meesala Sree Vidya, Gottumukkala Alekhya, Amit Singh, Rajendran Vijayabharathi, Ratna Kumari Bhimineni, Murali Seema, Abhishek Rathore and Om Rupela

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:71

    Content type: Research

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  24. Conjugated linoleic acid l-menthyl ester was hydrolyzed in water by the lipase from Candida rugosa with the addition of an organic solvent. The degree of hydrolysis (yield) greatly improved when a tertiary alcoho...

    Authors: Takashi Kobayashi, Toshihiro Nagao, Yomi Watanabe and Yuji Shimada

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:67

    Content type: Research

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  25. Adiponectin is an obesity related protein that mediates the risk of type 2 diabetes in obese individuals with its anti-inflammatory and insulin-sensitizing properties. To date, five functional variations have ...

    Authors: Leah C Kottyan, Jessica G Woo, Mehdi Keddache, Walter Banach, Nancy A Crimmins, Lawrence M Dolan and Lisa J Martin

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:66

    Content type: Research

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  26. Cardiac healing, which follows myocardial infarction, is a complex process guided by intricate interactions among different components. Some resident cell populations with a potential role in cardiac healing h...

    Authors: David Lara-Astiaso, Alberto Izarra, Juan Camilo Estrada, Carmen Albo, Isabel Moscoso, Enrique Samper, Javier Moncayo, Abelardo Solano, Antonio Bernad and Antonio Díez-Juan

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:63

    Content type: Research

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  27. During the last two decades populations of three resident species of Gyps vulture have declined dramatically and are now threatened with extinction in South Asia. Sex identification of vultures is of key importan...

    Authors: Prabhakar B Ghorpade, Praveen K Gupta, Vibhu Prakash, Richard J Cuthbert, Mandar Kulkarni, Nikita Prakash, Asit Das, Anil K Sharma and Mohini Saini

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:62

    Content type: Research

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  28. Cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase, EC 2.4.1.9) is an unique enzyme capable of converting starch and related substrates into cyclodextrins (CDs). In this paper, we report an one step gel purification meth...

    Authors: Marlene M Martínez Mora, Karel Hernández Sánchez, Reynaldo Villalonga Santana, Arley Pérez Rojas, Héctor L Ramírez and Juan José Torres-Labandeira

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:61

    Content type: Research

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  29. A reproducible and highly efficient protocol for genetic transformation mediated by Agrobacterium has been established for greengram (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek). Double cotyledonary node (DCN) explants were inocul...

    Authors: Sushil Kumar Yadav, Sweety Katikala, Varalaxmi Yellisetty, Annapurna Kannepalle, Jyothi Lakshmi Narayana, Vanaja Maddi, Maheswari Mandapaka, Arun Kumar Shanker, Venkateswarlu Bandi and Kirti Pulugurtha Bharadwaja

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:59

    Content type: Research

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  30. Botanical work since 2008 on the Sleeping Giant section of the Kamdebooberge (Sneeuberg mountain complex, Eastern Cape, South Africa) has indicated that these mountains may be of significant conservation value...

    Authors: Vincent R Clark, Sandun J Perera, Michael Stiller, Charles H Stirton, Peter H Weston, Pavel Stoev, Gareth Coombs, Dale B Morris, Dayani Ratnayake-Perera, Nigel P Barker and Gillian K McGregor

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:56

    Content type: Research

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  31. In this work the subC gene from Bacillus licheniformis encoding subtilisin was cloned into the nisin-controlled expression (NICE) vectors (pNZ8048 and pNZ8148) with or without the signal peptide SP Usp45 directin...

    Authors: Aleksandra M Mirończuk, Anna Krasowska, Anna Murzyn, Małgorzata Płachetka and Marcin Łukaszewicz

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:54

    Content type: Research

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  32. GC-MS analysis of single-skins of ten Melanophryniscus rubriventris toads (five collections of two toads each) captured during their breeding season in NW Argentina has revealed a total of 127 alkaloids of which ...

    Authors: H Martin Garraffo, Nirina R Andriamaharavo, Marcos Vaira, María F Quiroga, Cecilia Heit and Thomas F Spande

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:51

    Content type: Research

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  33. This study was carried out to estimate (co)variance components and genetic parameters for live weight of Nellore cattle from Performance Test of Young Bulls using random regression models. Data of weights and ...

    Authors: Fernando Brito Lopes, Cláudio Ulhôa Magnabosco, Fernanda Paulini, Marcelo Corrêa da Silva, Eliane Sayuri Miyagi and Raysildo Barbosa Lôbo

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:49

    Content type: Research

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  34. Enforced cell transdifferentiation of human cancer cells is a promising alternative to conventional chemotherapy. We previously identified albumin-associated lipid- and, more specifically, saturated fatty acid...

    Authors: Jaime Carcel-Trullols, Cristóbal Aguilar-Gallardo, Fernando Garcia-Alcalde, Miguel Angel Pardo-Cea, Joaquin Dopazo, Ana Conesa and Carlos Simón

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:44

    Content type: Research

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  35. Lactic acid has been identified as one of the top 30 potential building-block chemicals from biomass. Therefore, the search for cheap raw materials is an objective to reduce the production costs. Efficient pol...

    Authors: Zhangwei Xue, Limin Wang, Jiansong Ju, Bo Yu, Ping Xu and Yanhe Ma

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:43

    Content type: Research

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  36. Here, we investigate the appropriate fluorescent proteins for use in the culture of synovial MH7A and myoblast C2C12 cells. Fluorescent signal intensities of 3 different fluorescent proteins were examined in t...

    Authors: Seiji Shibasaki, Aika Fujita, Chihiro Usui, Sachiko Watanabe, Sachie Kitano, Hajime Sano and Tsuyoshi Iwasaki

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:36

    Content type: Research

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  37. Fibropapillomatosis (FP), a transmissible neoplastic disease of marine turtles characterized by a likely herpesviral primary etiology, has emerged as an important disease in green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas) ove...

    Authors: Annie Page-Karjian, Fernando Torres, Jian Zhang, Samuel Rivera, Carlos Diez, Phillip A Moore, Debra Moore and Corrie Brown

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:35

    Content type: Research

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  38. The genus Chlorella is a widely employed microalga for biodiesel, as it can be grown using photo/mixo/heterotrophic mode of cultivation. The present investigation was undertaken with the hypothesis that addition ...

    Authors: Momocha Ngangkham, Sachitra Kumar Ratha, Radha Prasanna, Anil Kumar Saxena, Dolly Wattal Dhar, Chandragiri Sarika and Rachapudi Badari Narayana Prasad

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:33

    Content type: Research

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  39. Regarding the possible multiple functions of a specific gene, finding the alternative roles of genes is a major challenge. Huge amount of available expression data and the central role of the promoter and its ...

    Authors: Tahereh Deihimi, Ali Niazi, Mansour Ebrahimi, Kimia Kajbaf, Somaye Fanaee, Mohammad Reza Bakhtiarizadeh and Esmaeile Ebrahimie

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:30

    Content type: Research

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  40. Considering the cost-effectiveness of bioethanol production, there is a need for a yeast strain which can convert glucose and xylose into ethanol at elevated temperatures. We succeeded in isolating a yeast str...

    Authors: Ayumi Tanimura, Toshihide Nakamura, Itsuki Watanabe, Jun Ogawa and Jun Shima

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:27

    Content type: Research

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  41. The Western Ghats of India are known to be a major biological hotspot that supports plant diversity and endemism. On the Kas Plateau, a lateritic plateau of the northern Western Ghats, we examined mesoscale di...

    Authors: Utsarga Bhattarai, Pundarikakshudu Tetali and Sylvia Kelso

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:25

    Content type: Short report

    Published on: