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Biomedical and Life Sciences

Page 18 of 22

  1. The water-insoluble 25/45 fraction and non-sedimenting membrane fraction (NSMF) are two membrane preparations isolated from the ocular lens. The fractions are postulated to represent distinct subdomains of the...

    Authors: Joseph K Whitman, Abigail F Alviar, Charles R Fleschner and Melissa K Stuart

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:500

    Content type: Research

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  2. The aim of present study was to determine the LC50/96 h value of copper sulfate and determine the growth performance of Caspian Sea kutum) Rutilus frisii kutum (fingerlings during 60-days sub-lethal copper (Cu). ...

    Authors: Esmail Gharedaashi, Hamed Nekoubin, Mohammad Reza Imanpoor and Vahid Taghizadeh

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:498

    Content type: Research

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  3. Although Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC) is recognized as the most metastatic variant of locally advanced breast cancer, the molecular basis for the distinct clinical presentation and accelerated program of m...

    Authors: Fredika M Robertson, Emanuel F Petricoin III, Steven J Van Laere, Francois Bertucci, Khoi Chu, Sandra V Fernandez, Zhaomei Mu, Katherine Alpaugh, Jianming Pei, Rita Circo, Julia Wulfkuhle, Zaiming Ye, Kimberly M Boley, Hui Liu, Ricardo Moraes, Xuejun Zhang…

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:497

    Content type: Research

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  4. Two furanones, furaneol (4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-3(2H)-furanone) and mesifuran (2,5-dimethyl-4-methoxy-3(2H)-furanone), are important constituents of flavor of the Alphonso cultivar of mango (Mangifera indica). To...

    Authors: Ram Kulkarni, Hemangi Chidley, Ashish Deshpande, Axel Schmidt, Keshav Pujari, Ashok Giri, Jonathan Gershenzon and Vidya Gupta

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:494

    Content type: Research

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  5. The enzymatic starch hydrolysis and bioethanol production from a variety of sweet potato developed for bioenergy purposes (K 9807.1) on the basis of its high starch yields, was studied. Drying at 55°C and 95°C...

    Authors: Claudia Lareo, Mario Daniel Ferrari, Mairan Guigou, Lucía Fajardo, Valeria Larnaudie, María Belén Ramírez and Jorge Martínez-Garreiro

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:493

    Content type: Research

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  6. To develop high-quality silage starters adapted to hot and humid weather, 12 LAB isolates from silage produced in Kyushu and Okinawa, Japan were characterized based on their morphological features, growth curv...

    Authors: Katsumi Doi, Yousuke Nishizaki, Hidetoshi Kimura, Maki Kitahara, Yasuhiro Fujino, Sadahiro Ohmomo, Toshihisa Ohshima and Seiya Ogata

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:485

    Content type: Research

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  7. Twin sheep fetuses have reduced skeletal muscle weight near birth relative to singles as a result of restricted muscle hypertrophy. Intracellular free amino acids (FAA) are reported to regulate metabolic pathw...

    Authors: Francisco Sales, David Pacheco, Hugh Blair, Paul Kenyon and Sue McCoard

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:483

    Content type: Research

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  8. The H355A, H355K, H80A, and H80K mutant enzymes of the argE-encoded N-acetyl-L-ornithine deacetylase (ArgE) from Escherichia coli were prepared, however, only the H355A enzyme was found to be soluble. Kinetic ana...

    Authors: Wade C McGregor, Danuta M Gillner, Sabina I Swierczek, Dali Liu and Richard C Holz

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:482

    Content type: Research

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  9. Eleven diverse strains of Schizophyllan commune were examined for production of the biopolymer schizophyllan from agricultural biomass. Strains were grown in malt extract (ME) basal medium containing 1% (w/v) dis...

    Authors: Nongnuch Sutivisedsak, Timothy D Leathers and Neil PJ Price

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:476

    Content type: Research

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  10. HPV oncogenes mRNA detection gains momentum as an adjuvant for HPV-related cervical abnormalities diagnosis, but is based on costly detection assays not allowing viral type targeting.

    Authors: Leonardo Martins Campbell, Denise Rocha Pitta, Angela Maria De Assis, Sophie Francoise Mauricette Derchain, Elisabete Aparecida Campos and Luis Otavio Zanatta Sarian

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:473

    Content type: Research

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  11. The effect of metal ions on the enzymatic activity of Lactobacillus reuteri was studied. The enzymatic activity was determined spectrophotometrically using the corresponding substrate. In the control group, L. re...

    Authors: Saeed A Hayek, Aboghasem Shahbazi, Mulumebet Worku and Salam A Ibrahim

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:465

    Content type: Research

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  12. Freshwater fish that live exclusively in rivers are at particular risk from fragmentation of the aquatic system, mainly the species that migrate upriver for reproduction. That is the case of Salminus hilarii, an ...

    Authors: Renato Massaaki Honji, Rafael Henrique Nóbrega, Matias Pandolfi, Akio Shimizu, Maria Inês Borella and Renata Guimarães Moreira

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:460

    Content type: Research

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  13. Using the Genefishing method, we identified seven potential regulatory genes involved in the process of scale morphogenesis in fishes. We further characterized a novel solute carrier protein gene (CcSLC), from th...

    Authors: Li Jiang, Anda Cheng, Yangyang Wang and Baoyong Zhang

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:458

    Content type: Short report

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  14. Grip strength is widely used for estimating whole body strength but there is a lack of information relating to grip endurance. Comparison between endurance of different muscle groups has received little attent...

    Authors: Ciara White, Kimberley Dixon, Dinesh Samuel and Maria Stokes

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:451

    Content type: Research

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  15. Xylanases produced by Aspergillus niger are industrially important and many types of xylanases have been reported. Individual xylanases have been well studied for their enzymatic properties, gene cloning, and het...

    Authors: Yui Takahashi, Hiroaki Kawabata and Shuichiro Murakami

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:447

    Content type: Research

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  16. The efficiency of PCR product cloning depends on the nature of the DNA polymerase employed because amplicons may have blunt-ends or 3′ adenosines overhangs. Therefore, for amplicon cloning, available commercia...

    Authors: Christiane R Janner, Ana Lívia P Brito, Lidia Maria P Moraes, Viviane CB Reis and Fernando AG Torres

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:441

    Content type: Research

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  17. Polyploidization has played an important role in plant evolution and is a pathway for plants to increase genetic diversification and to get higher heterosis comparing with that of diploid does. This study was ...

    Authors: Jin-Wen Wu, Chao-Yue Hu, Muhammad Qasim Shahid, Hai-Bin Guo, Yu-Xiang Zeng, Xiang-Dong Liu and Yong-Gen Lu

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:439

    Content type: Research

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  18. In vitro rooting and the acclimatization of micropropagated rootstocks of apple trees is essential for plant development in the field. The aim of this work was to assess the use of rhizobia of Adesmia latifolia t...

    Authors: Aleksander Westphal Muniz, Enilson Luiz de Sá, Gilberto Luíz Dalagnol and João Américo Filho

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:437

    Content type: Research

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  19. Comparative study was conducted to observe the efficacy of different feeding regimes on growth of Channa punctata. Six iso- proteinous diets were prepared by using different agro industrial by-products. Maximum w...

    Authors: Surjya Narayan Datta, Vaneet Inder Kaur, Asha Dhawan and Geeta Jassal

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:436

    Content type: Research

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  20. Given that microbial interactions in nature are very complex, we propose that quorum-sensing, as well as quorum-quenching, phenazine and secondary metabolite production, resistance and toxin-antitoxin systems ...

    Authors: Tasha M Santiago-Rodriguez, Gary A Toranzos, Paul Bayman, Steven E Massey and Raul J Cano

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:435

    Content type: Research

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  21. The Outer Membrane Protein (OMP) of Vibrio alginolyticus cell wall was administered intramuscularly (IM) to the tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon Fab.) at 10, 20, 30 μg/kg bw. After 14 days infection, the tiger shrim...

    Authors: Maftuch, E Prasetio, A Sudianto, M Rozik, R Nurdiyani, E Sanusi, H Nursyam, F Fariedah, Marsoedi and Murachman

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:432

    Content type: Research

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  22. The appearance of new antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a societal problem that requires the development of new alternative treatments. Therefore, this work evaluated the antibacterial activity of ethanolic (EH...

    Authors: Willer F Silva Jr, Samyra G Cecílio, Cintia LB Magalhães, Jaqueline MS Ferreira, Antonio H Tótola and Jose C de Magalhaes

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:430

    Content type: Research

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  23. Oplopanax elatus is a medicinal plant on the verge of extinction because of overexploitation. In the present study, the effects of various factors on enhancing somatic embryogenesis and plantlet conversion were ...

    Authors: Heung-Kyu Moon, Yong-Wook Kim, Yong-Pyo Hong and So-Young Park

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:428

    Content type: Research

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  24. Hypothyroidism is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease, which can not be fully explained by the atherogenic lipid profile, particularly total cholesterol and LDL-C, and other pathogenic...

    Authors: Saleh A Bamashmoos, Mohammed AK Al-Nuzaily, Ali M Al-Meeri and Faisal HH Ali

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:423

    Content type: Research

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  25. The translation factor eIF5A is the only protein known to contain the amino acid hypusine, which is formed posttranslationally. Hypusinated eIF5A is necessary for cellular proliferation and responses to extrac...

    Authors: Yurika Nishiki, Thomas B Farb, Jessica Friedrich, Krister Bokvist, Raghavendra G Mirmira and Bernhard Maier

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:421

    Content type: Technical note

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  26. Unexpected disease outbreaks and disasters are becoming primary issues facing our world. The first points of contact either at the disaster scenes or emergency department exposed the frontline workers and medi...

    Authors: Dhifaf Azeez, Mohd Alauddin Mohd Ali, Kok Beng Gan and Ismail Saiboon

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:416

    Content type: Research

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  27. Rodent models of focal cerebral ischemia are important tools in experimental stroke research. Such models have proven instrumental for the understanding of injury mechanisms in cerebral stroke and helped to id...

    Authors: Jorge Garcia, Jon Dang, Pardes Habib, Cordian Beyer and Markus Kipp

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:414

    Content type: Research

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  28. The population genetic structure of the messmate pipefish, Corythoichthys haematopterus, in the northwest Pacific was investigated based on the partial mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b (589 bp) and 16S rRNA (528 bp...

    Authors: Atsushi Sogabe and Motohiro Takagi

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:408

    Content type: Research

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  29. People vary in flexibility regarding maximum joint angle, resistance to stretch and mechanical responses during stretching exercises. Body composition (BC) has been been mentioned as one of the factors for fle...

    Authors: Tiago Neto, Sandro Freitas, João Vaz, Analiza M Silva, Pedro Mil-Homens and Ana Isabel Carita

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:403

    Content type: Research

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  30. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of active fraction from Dregea volubilis [Linn.] Benth leaves on serum glucose and lipid profile in normal and diabetic rats.

    Authors: Venkatesan Natarajan and Anton Smith Arul Gnana Dhas

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:394

    Content type: Research

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  31. In mice, the proviral integration of the Friend Spleen Focus Forming Virus (SFFV) within the PU.1 locus of erythroid precursors results in the development of erythroleukemia. SFFV integrates several kilobases ...

    Authors: María José Fernández-Nestosa, Estefanía Monturus, Zunilda Sánchez, Francisco S Torres, Agustín F Fernández, Mario F Fraga, Pablo Hernández, Jorge B Schvartzman and Dora B Krimer

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:392

    Content type: Research

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  32. The production of extracellular xylanase by a newly isolated fungus Simplicillium obclavatum MTCC 9604 was studied in solid-state and submerged fermentation. Multiple xylanases and endoglucanases were produced by...

    Authors: Saugata Roy, Tanmay Dutta, Tuhin Subhra Sarkar and Sanjay Ghosh

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:382

    Content type: Research

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  33. The aqueous extracts of currently utilized Amazonian medicinal plants were assayed in vitro searching for antimicrobial activity against human and animal pathogenic microorganisms.

    Authors: Amanda A Oliveira, Jorge FO Segovia, Vespasiano YK Sousa, Elida CG Mata, Magda CA Gonçalves, Roberto M Bezerra, Paulo OM Junior and Luís IB Kanzaki

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:371

    Content type: Research

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  34. The goal of this study was to assess the impact of individual neuropsychological differences on the ability to share attention between concurrent tasks. Participants (n = 20) were trained on six single task pr...

    Authors: Maude Laguë-Beauvais, Christine Gagnon, Nathalie Castonguay and Louis Bherer

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:368

    Content type: Research

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  35. The morbidity and mortality caused by bacterial infections significantly increased with resistance to commonly used antibiotics. This is partially due to the activation of efflux pumps in Gram-negative bacteri...

    Authors: Jackson A Seukep, Aimé G Fankam, Doriane E Djeussi, Igor K Voukeng, Simplice B Tankeo, Jaurès AK Noumdem, Antoine HLN Kuete and Victor Kuete

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:363

    Content type: Research

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  36. In this study, 191 culture isolates were recovered from suspected samples of animals and humans in Ellinghausen McCullough Johnson and Harris (EMJH) medium and assessed for its morphological features by dark f...

    Authors: Vinayagamurthy Balamurugan, Nidaghatta L Gangadhar, Nagalingam Mohandoss, Sushma Rahim Assadi Thirumalesh, Moushumi Dhar, Rajeswari Shome, Paramanandham Krishnamoorthy, Krishnamsetty Prabhudas and Habibur Rahman

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:362

    Content type: Research

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  37. The need for an updated list of spiders found in French Guiana rose recently due to many upcoming studies planned. In this paper, we list spiders from French Guiana from existing literature (with corrected nom...

    Authors: Vincent Vedel, Christina Rheims, Jérôme Murienne and Antonio Domingos Brescovit

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:361

    Content type: Research

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  38. India has 34 recognized breeds of cattle in addition to many more not characterized and accredited so far. It is imperative to characterize all the cattle germplasm of the country so as to have better breeding...

    Authors: Rekha Sharma, Avishek Maitra, Pramod Kumar Singh and Madhu Sudan Tantia

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:359

    Content type: Research

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  39. Affect of different environmental factors i.e., temperature, relative humidity and precipitation on population dynamics, density and foraging activities of Microtermes obesi Holmgren and Odontotermes lokanandi Ch...

    Authors: Abdul Sattar, Muhammad Naeem and Ehsan ul-Haq

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:349

    Content type: Research

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