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Biomedical and Life Sciences

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  1. Total of 110 isolates belonging to 8 fungal species collected from intensive care units (ICUs) and operation rooms (ORs) at Assiut University hospitals were examined for their ability to produce some extracell...

    Authors: Mohamed Bassam Aboul-Nasr, Abdel-Naser Ahmed Zohri and Enas Mahmoud Amer

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:347

    Content type: Research

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  2. The isolation and characterization of a novel halophilic denitrifying marine bacterium is described. The halophilic bacterium, designated as NY-4, was isolated from soil in Yancheng City, China, and identified...

    Authors: Rongpeng Li, Xiaoli Zi, Xinfeng Wang, Xia Zhang, Haofeng Gao and Nan Hu

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:346

    Content type: Research

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  3. A preliminary survey of genetic diversity among 34 commercially popular Carica papaya cultivars from India and abroad, 6 accessions of Vasconcellea species and 1 accession of Jacaratia spinosa, was done using 20 ...

    Authors: Samik Sengupta, Basabdatta Das, Manoj Prasad, Pinaki Acharyya and Tapas Kumar Ghose

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:345

    Content type: Research

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  4. The forced oscillation technique (FOT) is a useful tool to assess respiratory resistance and reactance during tidal breathing in patients with respiratory diseases, specifically asthma and chronic obstructive ...

    Authors: Akemi Uchida, Satoru Ito, Béla Suki, Hiroki Matsubara and Yoshinori Hasegawa

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:342

    Content type: Research

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  5. Reptiles have achieved highly diverse morphological and physiological traits that allow them to exploit various ecological niches and resources. Morphology of the temporal region of the reptilian skull is high...

    Authors: Masayoshi Tokita, Win Chaeychomsri and Jindawan Siruntawineti

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:336

    Content type: Research

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  6. A novel facultative psychrotroph (strain CBS-1), which accumulates poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB), was isolated from soil samples taken from Changbai Mountain, China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA sequ...

    Authors: Rongpeng Li, Yuji Jiang, Xinfeng Wang, Jingjing Yang, Yuan Gao, Xiaoli Zi, Xia Zhang, Haofeng Gao and Nan Hu

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:335

    Content type: Research

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  7. In spite of the large number of reports on fed-batch cultivation of E. coli, alternative cultivation/induction strategies remain to be more deeply exploited. Among these strategies, it could be mentioned the use ...

    Authors: Adilson José da Silva, Antônio Carlos Luperni Horta, Ana Maria Velez, Mônica Rosas C Iemma, Cíntia Regina Sargo, Raquel LC Giordano, Maria Teresa M Novo, Roberto C Giordano and Teresa Cristina Zangirolami

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:322

    Content type: Research

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  8. Pomacea canaliculata is a freshwater snail that cultured under certain conditions could provide interesting rewards in research and aquaculture. P. canaliculata is usually reared at 25°C, though the optimal temp...

    Authors: María E Seuffert and Pablo R Martín

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:312

    Content type: Short report

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  9. Rice is the most important cereal crop in Kenya coming third after maize and wheat. It forms a very important diet for a majority of families in Kenya. The demand for rice in Kenya has seen a dramatic increase...

    Authors: Joseph Kihoro, Njoroge J Bosco, Hunja Murage, Elijah Ateka and Daigo Makihara

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:308

    Content type: Research

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  10. The study provided validity and reliability evidence of the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) in Greek patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).

    Authors: Daphne Bakalidou, Emmanouil K Skordilis, Sotirios Giannopoulos, Elefterios Stamboulis and Konstantinos Voumvourakis

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:304

    Content type: Research

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  11. Different cell/tissue derived extracellular matrix (ECM) display subtle differences that might provide important cues for proliferation and differentiation of cells in vitro or in vivo. However, the bioactivit...

    Authors: Yong Guo, Qiangchen Zeng, Yuxian Yan, Liang Shen, Lu Liu, Ruixin Li, Xizheng Zhang, Jimin Wu, Jing Guan and Shujie Huang

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:303

    Content type: Research

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  12. Since the cancer stem cell concept has been widely accepted, several strategies have been proposed to attack cancer stem cells (CSC). Accordingly, stem cell markers are now preferred therapeutic targets. Howev...

    Authors: Uwe Karsten and Steffen Goletz

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:301

    Content type: Review

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  13. The individual and interactive effects of three independent variables i.e. carbon source (glucose), nitrogen source (sodium nitrate) and inducer (ϵ-caprolactam) on nitrilase production from Fusarium proliferatum ...

    Authors: Farnaz Yusuf, Asha Chaubey, Arvind Raina, Urmila Jamwal and Rajinder Parshad

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:290

    Content type: Research

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  14. Embryonic development and morphological characteristics of Japanese devil stinger Inimicus japonicus during early life stage were investigated. Larvae were hatched out 50 h after fertilization at temperature 21°C...

    Authors: Youji Wang, Lisha Li, Guoqiang Cui and Weiqun Lu

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:289

    Content type: Research

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  15. Amino acids are a group of metabolites that are important substrates for protein synthesis, are important as signaling molecules and play central roles as highly connected metabolic hubs, and therefore, there ...

    Authors: Takayuki Tanaka, Taiga Mochida, Yukihiro Maki, Yasuko Shiraki, Hiroko Mori, Shirou Matsumoto, Kazutaka Shimbo, Toshihiko Ando, Kimitoshi Nakamura, Fumio Endo and Masahiro Okamoto

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:287

    Content type: Research

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  16. This study investigates the clinicopathological features of acute experimental streptococcosis in red tilapia using various routes of infection; intraperitoneal (IP), immersion (IM) and immersion cut (IC). Twe...

    Authors: Syuhaidah Abdullah, Noraini Omar, Sabri Mohd Yusoff, Emikpe Benjamin Obukwho, Tanko Polycarp Nwunuji, Latifah Hanan and Jamil Samad

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:286

    Content type: Research

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  17. Penaeid shrimp is a major resource in India contributing about 7.4% of the total marine fish landings. They are mostly landed by small mechanized trawlers. Shrimp trawling generates large quantities of bycatch...

    Authors: Menothuparambil Ravunny Boopendranath, Puthra Pravin, Therodath Rajan Gibinkumar, Sarasan Sabu and Vettiyattil Ramakrishnan Madhu

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:271

    Content type: Research

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  18. Infection with influenza A virus, one of the most common life-threatening viruses, causes the accumulation of inflammatory cells in the lung, which is directly correlated with influenza-associated morbidity an...

    Authors: Kazutake Fukada, Daisuke Fujikura, Yosuke Nakayama, Masatoshi Kondoh, Takashi Shimada and Tadaaki Miyazaki

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:269

    Content type: Research

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  19. Genic male sterility (GMS) has great potential for heterosis exploitation in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Two spontaneous male-sterile plants were discovered in a Chinese sesame cultivar (Zhuzhi 4) in 2006. By co...

    Authors: Hongyan Liu, Minmin Yang, Kun Wu, Xinan Zhou and Yingzhong Zhao

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:268

    Content type: Research

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  20. Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD), a contagious viral disease that commonly affects infants and children with blisters and flu like symptoms, is caused by a group of enteroviruses such as Enterovirus 71 (EV7...

    Authors: Yan Long Edmund Lui, Peter Timms, Louise Marie Hafner, Tuan Lin Tan, Kian Hwa Tan and Eng Lee Tan

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:267

    Content type: Research

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  21. Interferon alpha 2b (IFNα-2b) is an important cytokine and used for antiviral and anticancer treatment. The low cost production of IFNα-2b with high biological activity is necessary to provide the interferon t...

    Authors: Iram Gull, Zahoor Qadir Samra, Muhammad Shahbaz Aslam and Muhammad Amin Athar

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:264

    Content type: Research

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  22. Cryptoblabes gnidiella (Millière) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) has been known in Uruguay for 30 years and only in vineyards, despite being polyphagous. In recent years, this pest has caused sporadic but serious dama...

    Authors: María Valeria Vidart, María Valentina Mujica, María Victoria Calvo, Felicia Duarte, Carlos María Bentancourt, Jorge Franco and Iris Beatriz Scatoni

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:258

    Content type: Research

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  23. In this study, the identification and characterization of Lactobacillus previously isolated from fresh anchovies (Engraulis anchoita) are investigated. 16S rDNA partial sequencing assigned all the isolates to bel...

    Authors: Carolina Belfiore, Raúl R Raya and Graciela M Vignolo

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:257

    Content type: Research

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  24. It is generally accepted that material collected by leaf-cutting ants of the genus Acromyrmex consists solely of plant matter, which is used in the nest as substrate for a symbiotic fungus providing nutrition to ...

    Authors: Virginia E Masiulionis, Roland W S Weber and Fernando C Pagnocca

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:254

    Content type: Short report

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  25. Chinese traditional soybean curd is coagulated by calcium salt. In order to investigate the feasibility of soybean curd coagulation by lactic acid bacteria, we studied the effective factors in soybean curd coagul...

    Authors: Wang Jianming, Lin Qiuqian, Wang Yiyun and Chen Xi

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:250

    Content type: Research

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  26. Seed dispersal is one of the vehicles of gene flow in plants. If a seed carrying transgene(s) is dispersed into the environment, the fate can be determined by its persistence in the soil bank, which can also v...

    Authors: Asfaw Adugna

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:248

    Content type: Research

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  27. Tests were done on the effects of treatments of titanium dioxide spray on corn (Zea mays L.). The study was conducted as a factorial experiment in a randomized complete block design with four replications. Treatm...

    Authors: Elham Morteza, Payam Moaveni, Hossein Aliabadi Farahani and Mohammad Kiyani

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:247

    Content type: Research

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  28. This Phase I study aimed to assess the potential drug-drug interactions (pharmacokinetic [PK] and safety profile) of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)/cannabidiol (CBD) oromucosal spray (Sativex ®, nabiximols) in com...

    Authors: Colin Stott, Linda White, Stephen Wright, Darren Wilbraham and Geoffrey Guy

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:236

    Content type: Research

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  29. A preliminary study was conducted on the efficacy of Oryzias melastigma in consuming mosquito larva so as to control mosquito and mosquito borne diseases, and enhancing its reproductive success using supplementar...

    Authors: Abir Lal Dutta, Sajal Kumar Dey, Debargha Chakraborty, Asim Kumar Manna and Pankaj Kumar Manna

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:235

    Content type: Research

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  30. Methods for human skin gene therapy requires efficient and stable introduction of genes into skin cells. Transient cutaneous gene therapy is an attractive approach in the treatment of skin diseases. The ‘Achil...

    Authors: Matthias Schulte, Michael Sorkin, Sammy Al-Benna, Jadwiga Stupka, Tobias Hirsch, Adrien Daigeler, Marco Rainer Kesting, Hans-Ulrich Steinau, Frank Jacobsen and Lars Steinstraesser

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:234

    Content type: Research

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  31. Metabolic rates can increase 21 times above resting levels during cycling with the majority attributed to muscular contractions. Metabolic estimates attained through gas exchange parameters are limited by the ...

    Authors: Ollie M Blake and James M Wakeling

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:229

    Content type: Research

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  32. The Eastern Himalayan region of Northeast (NE) India is home to a large number of indigenous rice varieties, which may serve as a valuable genetic resource for future crop improvement to meet the ever-increasi...

    Authors: Baharul Choudhury, Mohamed Latif Khan and Selvadurai Dayanandan

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:228

    Content type: Research

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  33. The unique ability of Argyroneta aquatica to form a diving bell web was re-examined using a new approach in a structurally simplified environment. The spiders generated sheet-webs from stiff, anchored threads and...

    Authors: Dietrich Neumann and Armin Kureck

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:223

    Content type: Research

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  34. In this paper we present the development and usability of an electronic health record (EHR) system in a comprehensive dental clinic.The graphic user interface of the system was designed to consider the concept...

    Authors: Siriwan Suebnukarn, Pawornwan Rittipakorn, Budsara Thongyoi, Kwanwong Boonpitak, Mansuang Wongsapai and Panu Pakdeesan

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:220

    Content type: Research

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  35. Woody plants are particularly difficult to investigate due to high phenolic, resin, and tannin contents and laborious sample preparation. In particular, protein isolation from woody plants for two-dimensional ...

    Authors: Mónica Sebastiana, Andreia Figueiredo, Filipa Monteiro, Joana Martins, Catarina Franco, Ana Varela Coelho, Fátima Vaz, Tânia Simões, Deborah Penque, Maria Salomé Pais and Sílvia Ferreira

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:210

    Content type: Research

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