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Biomedical and Life Sciences

Page 8 of 22

  1. Schistosomiasis is a common, neglected parasitic disease caused by Schistosoma mansoni. Availability of two specific drug oxamniquine and praziquintel for treatment of the disease is a major concern. Recently NAD...

    Authors: Raghvendra Singh, Birendra Singh Yadav, Swati Singh, Paras Nath Pandey and Ashutosh Mani

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:286

    Content type: Research

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  2. The genetic variability of hepatitis B virus (HBV) represents a challenge for the sensitivity of immunologic and molecular based assays. Based on sequence divergences in the entire genome of >8 %, HBV genomes ...

    Authors: Md. Arifur Rahman, Farzana Hakim, Mamun Ahmed, Chowdhury Rafiqul Ahsan, Jamalun Nessa and Mahmuda Yasmin

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:278

    Content type: Research

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  3. Candida susceptibility commonly occurs in breast cancer patients. Of which, Candida albicans is considered as a common pathogen causing candidiasis. Martinella iquitosensis (Bignoniaceae) is one of the species be...

    Authors: P.-Y. Chung, J. C.-O. Tang, C.-H. Cheng, Z.-X. Bian, W.-Y. Wong, K.-H. Lam and C.-H. Chui

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:271

    Content type: Short report

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  4. This study aimed at determining the phytochemical constituents of Euphorbia golondrina L.C. Wheeler, an alien invasive medicinal herb that is used for the treatment of gastroenteritis related ailments, diabetes, ...

    Authors: Lawrence Monah Ndam, Afui Mathias Mih, Aaron Suh Tening, Augustina Genla Nwana Fongod, Nkegua Anna Temenu and Yoshiharu Fujii

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:264

    Content type: Research

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  5. Five white-rot basidiomycetes (WRB) species have been evaluated for their potential to tolerate and to degrade 0.2 mM 2, 4, 6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) as well as to produce laccase and manganese peroxidase (MnP) ...

    Authors: Eva Kachlishvili, Mikheil Asatiani, Aza Kobakhidze and Vladimir Elisashvili

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:252

    Content type: Research

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  6. Physical fitness is an indicator of systemic well-being in humans. Little is known about the role of physical fitness for maintaining systemic health in the elderly. Here, we study elderly subjects to determin...

    Authors: Hidenobu Senpuku, Hideo Miyazaki, Akihiro Yoshihara, Saori Yoneda, Naoki Narisawa, Taketo Kawarai, Naoki Nakagawa, Motohiko Miyachi, Akio Tada, Goichiro Yoshida, Mieko Shimada, Masaharu Ohashi, Mamoru Nishimuta, Yasuo Kimura and Yutaka Yoshitake

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:244

    Content type: Research

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  7. Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC) have enabled a major step forward in pathophysiologic studies of inherited diseases and may also prove to be valuable in in vitro drug testing. Long QT syndrome (LQ...

    Authors: Jukka Kuusela, Ville J. Kujala, Anna Kiviaho, Marisa Ojala, Heikki Swan, Kimmo Kontula and Katriina Aalto-Setälä

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:234

    Content type: Research

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  8. Monitoring adverse drug reactions (ADRs) through pharmacovigilance are vital to patient safety. Spontaneous ADR reporting is one method of pharmacovigilance, and in Canada all reporter types admitted to repor...

    Authors: Rania Al Dweik, Sanni Yaya, Dawn Stacey and Dafna Kohen

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:213

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Infrared thermography can be useful to explore the effects of exercise on neuromuscular function. During cycling, it could be used to investigate the effects of saddle height on thermoregulation. The aim of t...

    Authors: Jose Ignacio Priego Quesada, Felipe P. Carpes, Rosario Salvador Palmer, Pedro Pérez-Soriano and Rosa Mª Cibrián Ortiz de Anda

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:205

    Content type: Research

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  10. In this study, we induced tetraploidy in Korean rose bitterling, Rhodeus uyekii, by applying various hydrostatic pressure shock conditions. Tetraploidy was not induced under 4500 psi pressure treatment in any ex...

    Authors: Hyun Woo Gil, Hee Jeong Kong, Cheul Min An, Bong-Seok Kim, Sang-Gu Lim and In-Seok Park

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:186

    Content type: Research

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  11. The fermentation ability of thermotolerant Kluyveromyces marxianus BUNL-21 isolated in Laos was investigated. Comparison with thermotolerant K. marxianus DMKU3-1042 as one of the most thermotolerant yeasts isola...

    Authors: Sukanya Nitiyon, Chansom Keo-oudone, Masayuki Murata, Noppon Lertwattanasakul, Savitree Limtong, Tomoyuki Kosaka and Mamoru Yamada

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:185

    Content type: Research

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  12. To examine the effect of exercise volume at a fixed intensity on changes in aerobic fitness. Ninety-two overweight/obese individuals (BMI 25–40 kg m2), age 18–30 years, 50 % women, completed a 10 mo, 5 d wk−1 sup...

    Authors: Matthew M. Schubert, Richard A. Washburn, Jeffery J. Honas, Jaehoon Lee and Joseph E. Donnelly

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:183

    Content type: Research

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  13. To clone and examine expression profiles of DlRan genes during somatic embryogenesis in Dimocarpus longan Lour. Thirty cDNA sequences and two genomic sequences encoding DlRan proteins were isolated from longan e...

    Authors: Zhizhen Fang, Chengchun Lai, Yaling Zhang and Zhongxiong Lai

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:181

    Content type: Research

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  14. Detection and quantification of lysine degradation metabolites in plasma is necessary for the diagnosis and follow-up of diseases such as pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy. The principal metabolites involved in t...

    Authors: Izabella A. Pena, Lygia A. Marques, Angelo B. A. Laranjeira, José A. Yunes, Marcos N. Eberlin and Paulo Arruda

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:172

    Content type: Research

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  15. Ammonia nitrogen and salinity tolerance of Penaeus monodon from eight selected breeding families were evaluated at the concentration of 67.65 mg L−1 ammonia-N and reducing salinity from 15 to 0 ‰. The final survi...

    Authors: Jinsong Chen, Falin Zhou, Jianhua Huang, Zhenhua Ma, Shigui Jiang, Lihua Qiu and Jian G. Qin

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:171

    Content type: Short report

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  16. There is an increasing interest to develop various lactic acid bacteria (LAB) species as mucosal delivery vehicles, for which the development of a variety of cloning and expression systems for these bacteria i...

    Authors: Namfon Suebwongsa, Viraphong Lulitanond, Baltasar Mayo, Panjamaporn Yotpanya and Marutpong Panya

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:169

    Content type: Research

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  17. Specific inhibitors of Cytochrome P4502C9 enzyme (CYP2C9) viz. clopidogrel, fenofibrate fluvoxamine and sertraline at concentration of 50, 100, 150 and 200 µM were employed to investigate the nature of enzyme...

    Authors: G. Shyam Prasad, K. Srisailam and R. B. Sashidhar

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:166

    Content type: Research

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  18. Although the lung is the primary site of infection of tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis is capable of causing infection at other sites. In 5–10 % such extra-pulmonary tuberculosis is located in bone tissue...

    Authors: Shrabanti Sarkar, Muyalo G. Dlamini, Debapriya Bhattacharya, Olubisi T. Ashiru, A. Willem Sturm and Prashini Moodley

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:163

    Content type: Research

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  19. The changes of coagulation parameters in preoperative fracture patients reflect the coagulation status before surgery. We did retrospective assessment of preoperative fracture patients (n = 113) admitted to t...

    Authors: Chen Liu, Ying Song, Jingzhong Zhao, Qinzhu Xu, Ning Liu, Lei Zhao, Songsong Lu and Hui Wang

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:161

    Content type: Research

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  20. Enteroviruses (EV) are responsible for a wide range of clinical diseases in humans. Though studied broadly in several regions of the world, the genetic diversity of human enteroviruses (HEV) circulating in the...

    Authors: Silvanos M. Opanda, Fred Wamunyokoli, Samoel Khamadi, Rodney Coldren and Wallace D. Bulimo

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:158

    Content type: Research

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  21. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the knee and ankle angles at contact during running were related to the elastic properties of tendon structures in knee extensors and plantar flexors and pe...

    Authors: Keitaro Kubo, Daisuke Miyazaki, Kenji Yamada, Shozo Shimoju and Naoya Tsunoda

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:151

    Content type: Research

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  22. The ftsZ gene from Xanthomonas oryzae pv. Oryzae was amplified by PCR with the specific primers, and the recombinant plasmid pET-22b-ftsZ was constructed successfully. The FtsZ with a 6× His tag was overexpressed...

    Authors: Leng Dai, Yunhong Huang, Yang Chen and Zhong-er Long

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:145

    Content type: Research

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  23. Murine mammary stem/progenitor cell isolation has been routinely used in many laboratories, yet direct comparison among different methods is lacking. In this study, we compared two frequently used digestion me...

    Authors: Hui Gao, Qiaoxiang Dong, Yuanhong Chen, Fuchuang Zhang, Anqi Wu, Yuanshuo Shi, Abhik Bandyopadhyay, Benjamin J. Daniel, Changjiang Huang and Lu-Zhe Sun

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:140

    Content type: Technical note

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  24. Salinity is one of most significant environmental stresses. Marigold is moderately tolerant to salinity stress. Therefore, in this study, the fresh weights of roots and shoots, rootFW/shootFW ratio, moisture cont...

    Authors: Nezihe Koksal, Ayfer Alkan-Torun, Ilknur Kulahlioglu, Ebru Ertargin and Eylul Karalar

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:139

    Content type: Research

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  25. To investigate how the energy intake of institutionalized long-term-care patients through the regular nontherapeutic meals provision is associated with the nutritional status and the Geriatric Nutritional Risk...

    Authors: Baerbel Sturtzel, Ibrahim Elmadfa and Gerald Ohrenberger

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:136

    Content type: Research

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  26. Vancomycin (VAN) is among those antibiotics for which therapeutic drug monitoring is highly recommended. For this purpose a reliable method with small sample volume was required for quantification of VAN in hu...

    Authors: Muhammad Usman and Georg Hempel

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:124

    Content type: Research

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  27. We evaluated the genetic variation and population structure in Indian and non-Indian genotypes of finger millet using 87 genomic SSR primers. The 128 finger millet genotypes were collected and genomic DNA was ...

    Authors: M. Ramakrishnan, S. Antony Ceasar, V. Duraipandiyan, N. A. Al-Dhabi and S. Ignacimuthu

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:120

    Content type: Research

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  28. The study aimed to screen and isolate strains of freshwater aquatic gliding bacteria, and to investigate their antibacterial activity against seven common pathogenic bacteria. Submerged specimens were collecte...

    Authors: Yutthapong Sangnoi, Theerasak Anantapong and Akkharawit Kanjana-Opas

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:116

    Content type: Research

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  29. Rotavirus is the major cause of severe diarrhea in children under 5 years old in developed and developing countries. Since improvements in sanitation and hygiene have limited impact on reducing the incidence o...

    Authors: Hera Nirwati, Tri Wibawa, Abu Tholib Aman, Abdul Wahab and Yati Soenarto

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:97

    Content type: Research

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  30. We describe an outbreak of seafood-associated Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Galicia, Spain in on 18th of August 2012 affecting 100 of the 114 passengers travelling on a food banquet cruise boat. Epidemiological info...

    Authors: Jaime Martinez-Urtaza, Andy Powell, Josep Jansa, José Luís Castro Rey, Oscar Paz Montero, Marta García Campello, Mª José Zamora López, Anxela Pousa, Mª José Faraldo Valles, Joaquin Trinanes, Domique Hervio-Heath, William Keay, Amanda Bayley, Rachel Hartnell and Craig Baker-Austin

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:87

    Content type: Research

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  31. Potting media are commonly used by growers in different parts of the world for potted plants, raising seedlings and for improving soil characteristics. This study was conducted to characterize bacterial commu...

    Authors: A. M. Al-Sadi, H. A. Al-Zakwani, A. Nasehi, S. S. Al-Mazroui and I. H. Al-Mahmooli

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:74

    Content type: Short Report

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  32. Multiple osteochondromas (also called hereditary multiple exostoses) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by multiple cartilaginous tumors, which are caused by mutations in the genes for exostosin-1...

    Authors: Lei Zhuang, Simon D. Gerber, Stefan Kuchen, Peter M. Villiger and Beat Trueb

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:71

    Content type: Research

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  33. To treat current infectious diseases, different therapies are used that include drugs or vaccines or both. Currently, the world is facing an increasing problem of drug resistance from many pathogenic microorg...

    Authors: Mohammad Tahir Waheed, Muhammad Sameeullah, Faheem Ahmed Khan, Tahira Syed, Manzoor Ilahi, Johanna Gottschamel and Andreas Günter Lössl

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:65

    Content type: Review

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  34. Body linear measurements, and specifically heart girth (HG), have been shown to be useful predictors of cattle liveweight. To test the accuracy of body linear measurements for predicting liveweight, crossbred...

    Authors: M. N. Lukuyu, J. P. Gibson, D. B. Savage, A. J. Duncan, F. D. N. Mujibi and A. M. Okeyo

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:63

    Content type: Research

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  35. Pluripotent stem cells are the starting cell type of choice for the development of many cell-based regenerative therapies due to their rapid and unlimited proliferation and broad differentiation potential. Th...

    Authors: Anna Omelyanenko, Petra Sekyrova and Michael Andäng

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:41

    Content type: Research

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