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Biomedical and Life Sciences

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  1. Community pharmacists play a significant role in patient health care in Saudi Arabia and are directly responsible for medication-related counseling. Aim To assess Saudi Adults satisfaction with community pharm...

    Authors: Mohamad Al-Tannir, Afnan I. Alharbi, Arwa S. Alfawaz, Razan I. Zahran and Mustafa AlTannir
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:774
  2. Culture collections contain indispensable information about the microorganisms preserved in their repositories, such as taxonomical descriptions, origins, physiological and biochemical characteristics, bibliog...

    Authors: Serge Casaregola, Alexander Vasilenko, Paolo Romano, Vincent Robert, Svetlana Ozerskaya, Anna Kopf, Frank O. Glöckner and David Smith
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:772
  3. Animal evidence and genetic studies suggest that HOMER1 (homer homolog 1) is involved in the etiology of suicidal behavior and major depression disorder (MDD). However, most of genetic studies were performed in C...

    Authors: Shitao Rao, Marco H. B. Lam, Venus S. Y. Yeung, Yun Kwok Wing and Mary Miu Yee Waye
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:767
  4. The present study was conducted to assess the toxicity of thermal power plant effluent containing heavy metals (Fe > Cu > Zn > Mn > Ni > Co > Cr) on haematological indices, micronuclei, lobed nuclei and activi...

    Authors: Mehjbeen Javed, Irshad Ahmad, Ajaz Ahmad, Nazura Usmani and Masood Ahmad
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:761
  5. Bos frontalis, which consumes bamboo and weeds, may have evolved unique gastrointestinal microorganisms that digest cellulase. A Paenibacillus sp. YD236 strain was isolated from B. front...

    Authors: Mingjie Dong, Yunjuan Yang, Xianghua Tang, Jidong Shen, Bo Xu, Junjun Li, Qian Wu, Junpei Zhou, Junmei Ding, Nanyu Han, Yuelin Mu and Zunxi Huang
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:746
  6. Pterocellin A is a novel bioactive alkaloid isolated from the New Zealand marine bryozoan Pterocella vesiculosa. It exhibits potent antitumour activity towards the P388 (murine leukaemia) cell line in vitro and i...

    Authors: Alice T. Wang, Michèle R. Prinsep and Ryan D. Martinus
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:742
  7. During the extraction, a portion of oil remains trapped inside the cells and its release requires the degradation of the walls and cell membranes, especially when the fruits have not reached a maximum maturity...

    Authors: Youssef Moustakime, Zakaria Hazzoumi and Khalid Amrani Joutei
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:739
  8. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether the Basidiomycetes fungus Lentinula edodes can biosynthesize Se-methyl-seleno-l-cysteine, a seleno-amino acid with strong anticancer activity, and to optimi...

    Authors: M. Klimaszewska, S. Górska, M. Dawidowski, P. Podsadni and J. Turło
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:733
  9. This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of dried chlorella powder (Chlorella vulgaris; DCP) and chlorella growth factor (CGF) on growth performance, serum characteristics, meat qualities and hu...

    Authors: Byoung-Ki An, Kwan-Eung Kim, Jin-Young Jeon and Kyung Woo Lee
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:718
  10. Smallholder dairy production is increasingly becoming popular in Jimma town. However, feed shortage is a major constraint to dairy production. The objectives of this study was to assess feed resources, feeding...

    Authors: Belay Duguma and Geert Paul Jules Janssens
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:717
  11. Matrix Gla protein (MGP) is involved in calcium trafficking and arterial calcification. The aim of study was to investigate the role of three polymorphisms within the MGP gene promoter region on reporter gene ...

    Authors: Abazar Roustazadeh, Seyed Hamidreza Monavari, Seyed Reza Hosseini Fard, Parisa Hassanpour, Amaneh Yarnazari and Mohammad Najafi
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:711
  12. Pulque is a Mexican traditional alcoholic, non-distilled, fermented beverage produced by the fermentation of the sap, known as aguamiel, extracted from several maguey (Agave) species. Pul...

    Authors: Martha Giles-Gómez, Jorge Giovanni Sandoval García, Violeta Matus, Itzia Campos Quintana, Francisco Bolívar and Adelfo Escalante
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:708
  13. Obtainment and characterization of the novel endosperm callus of Taxus chinensis Rehd. var. mairei are valuable for haploid breeding, genome, and functional genome in Taxus. Callus was obtained by hydropriming wi...

    Authors: Yan-Lin Li, San-Wen Huang, Jia-Yin Zhang, Feng-Jiao Bu, Tao Lin, Zhong-Hua Zhang and Xing-Yao Xiong
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:659
  14. The present study was conducted to determine ileal digestible energy (IDE), metabolizable energy (ME), and nitrogen-corrected ME (MEn) contents of expeller- (EECM) and solvent-extracted canola meal (SECM) for bro...

    Authors: Changsu Kong and Olayiwola Adeola
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:693
  15. This study evaluated whether oyster crude polysaccharides (OPS) attenuates lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced immune stress in weanling piglets. Thirty healthy crossbred piglets (28 ± 1 days old) were randomly d...

    Authors: Guangwen Yin, Juhui Huang, Maotao Ma, Xun Suo and Zhijian Huang
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:677
  16. l-2-Haloacid dehalogenase (DehL) from Rhizobium sp. RC1 is a stereospecific enzyme that acts exclusively on l-isomers of 2-chloropropionate and dichloroacetate. The amino acid sequence of...

    Authors: Aliyu Adamu, Roswanira Abdul Wahab and Fahrul Huyop
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:695
  17. The aim of the present study was to examine sex differences across years in performance of runners in ultra-marathons lasting from 6 h to 10 days (i.e. 6, 12, 24, 48, 72, 144, and 240 h). Data of 32,187 finish...

    Authors: Beat Knechtle, Fabio Valeri, Pantelis T. Nikolaidis, Matthias A. Zingg, Thomas Rosemann and Christoph A. Rüst
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:672
  18. Dengue virus (DENV) infection causes sudden fever along with several nonspecific signs and symptoms and in severe cases, death. DENV is transmitted to people by Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus mosquitoes, whose ...

    Authors: Daniel García-Ruíz, Marco A. Martínez-Guzmán, Albertina Cárdenas-Vargas, Erika Marino-Marmolejo, Abel Gutiérrez-Ortega, Esteban González-Díaz, Rayo Morfin-Otero, Eduardo Rodríguez-Noriega, Hector Pérez-Gómez and Darwin Elizondo-Quiroga
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:671
  19. In recent years, indigenous medicinal plants exhibiting diverse biological activities have been explored in the amelioration of hepatotoxicity. This study investigates the protective effect of Monodora myristica

    Authors: Babatunji Emmanuel Oyinloye, Abiola Fatimah Adenowo, Foluso Oluwagbemiga Osunsanmi, Bolajoko Idiat Ogunyinka, Sarah Onyenibe Nwozo and Abidemi Paul Kappo
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:641
  20. Toll-interacting protein (Tollip) is a mediator involved in the TLRs signaling pathway which is critical for innate immune response. In the present study, a full-length Tollip cDNA was first cloned from common...

    Authors: Shijuan Shan, Lei Wang, Fumiao Zhang, Yaoyao Zhu, Liguo An and Guiwen Yang
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:639
  21. Luminal B breast tumors have aggressive clinical and biological features, and constitute the most heterogeneous molecular subtype, both clinically and molecularly. Unfortunately, the immunohistochemistry corre...

    Authors: Naiara G. Bediaga, Elena Beristain, Borja Calvo, María A. Viguri, Borja Gutierrez-Corres, Ricardo Rezola, Irune Ruiz-Diaz, Isabel Guerra and Marian M. de Pancorbo
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:623
  22. Adult skeletal tissue is composed of heterogeneous population of cells that constantly self-renew by means of a controlled process of activation and proliferation of tissue-resident stem cells named satellite ...

    Authors: José E. Belizário, Cibely C. Fontes-Oliveira, Janaina Padua Borges, Janete Akemi Kashiabara and Edouard Vannier
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:619
  23. The 2014 FIFA World Cup was held in Brazil, where the climatic conditions presented a significant thermoregulatory and perceptual challenge to those unfamiliar with the heat and humidity.

    Authors: A. D. Ruddock, S. W. Thompson, S. A. Hudson, C. A. James, O. R. Gibson and J. A. Mee
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:617
  24. The administration of l-arginine hydrochloride has been used for testing pituitary secretion in humans, and as an experimental model for induction of acute pancreatitis in rats and mice. Whereas in the first case...

    Authors: Asunción Cremades, Jesús del Rio-Garcia, Ana Lambertos, Carlos López-Garcia and Rafael Peñafiel
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:616
  25. Abnormally increased skeletal-muscle-specific E3 ubiquitin ligase (MG53) is associated with the inhibition of insulin signalling and insulin resistance (IR) in animal models. Four community-based studies of Ha...

    Authors: Song Yang, Hailong Zhao, Kuangfeng Xu, Yun Qian, Ming Wu, Tao Yang, Yanchun Chen, Xianghai Zhao, Jinfeng Chen, Jinbo Wen, Zhibing Hu, Harvest F. Gu, Hongbing Shen and Chong Shen
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:612
  26. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, is one of the world’s worst air-polluted cities, but effects of this air pollution on the population health status have not yet been evaluated. Therefore, we developed a Mongolian versio...

    Authors: Motoyuki Nakao, Keiko Yamauchi, Yoko Ishihara, Bandi Solongo, Dashtseren Ichinnorov and Raoul Breugelmans
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:607
  27. Leaf spot was found on field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis L.) in Shihezi City, Xinjiang Province, China, during the summer of 2015. Pathogens were isolated from the infected leaves of field bindweed and identif...

    Authors: Xuekun Zhang, Hui Xi, Kejian Lin, Zheng Liu, Yu Yu, Yan Sun and Jing Zhao
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:605
  28. Influenza viruses may cause severe acute respiratory illness among human population. People of densely populated areas, e.g., slum, are mostly affected by influenza viruses. Although potential vaccines to infl...

    Authors: Sabita Rezwana Rahman, Md Firoz Ahmed, Mohammad Ariful Islam and Md. Majibur Rahman
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:602
  29. Staphylococcus aureus is an increasing problem in clinical practice because of reduced susceptibility to available antibiotics. The objective of the study was to determine the frequency o...

    Authors: Asad Ullah, Muhammad Qasim, Hazir Rahman, Jafar Khan, Mohammad Haroon, Niaz Muhammad, Abdullah Khan and Noor Muhammad
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:600
  30. Microbial degradation of lignin releases fermentable sugars, effective utilization of which could support biofuel production from lignocellulosic biomass. In the present study, a lignin-degrading bacterium was...

    Authors: Hironaga Akita, Zen-ichiro Kimura, Mohd Zulkhairi Mohd Yusoff, Nobutaka Nakashima and Tamotsu Hoshino
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:596
  31. Microbial degradation of keratinous wastes is preferred over physicochemical methods as the latter is costlier and not eco-friendly. Novel habitats are promising for discovery of new microbial strains. Towards...

    Authors: Pintubala Kshetri and Debananda S. Ningthoujam
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:595
  32. Human protection of telomeres 1 (POT1) gene is a single stranded telomere binding proteins with a critical role in ensuring chromosome stability. There have been variants of POT1 gene, and the polymorphisms of PO...

    Authors: Sihua Wang, Xiaoran Duan, Tuanwei Wang, Xiaolei Feng, Pengpeng Wang, Wu Yao, Yongjun Wu, Yiming Wu, Zhen Yan, Feifei Feng, Songcheng Yu and Wei Wang
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:592
  33. A simple and high efficient way for the synthesis of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) was developed by using engineered Escherichia coli as whole-cell biocatalyst from l-glutamic acid (l-Glu). Codon optimization o...

    Authors: Chongrong Ke, Xinwei Yang, Huanxin Rao, Wenchao Zeng, Meirong Hu, Yong Tao and Jianzhong Huang
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:591
  34. Fibroma of tendon sheath in planta is comparatively rare, and its differentiate diagnose, tumour features, treatment and complications were lack of retrospective study in clinics.

    Authors: Hui Lu, Qiang Chen, Hui Shen, Xiang-qian Shen and Shou-cheng Wu
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:575
  35. Scorpion venom is a highly complex mixture of about 100–700 different components, where peptides are the major constituents with various biological and pharmacological properties including anticancer activitie...

    Authors: Mohamed L. Salem, Nahla M. Shoukry, Wafaa K. Teleb, Mohamed M. Abdel-Daim and Mohamed A. Abdel-Rahman
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:570
  36. The aim of the study was to demonstrate the impact of soil agricultural usage on the abundance of ammonifying bacteria (AB) and their activity, expressed as arginine ammonification (AA). Five agriculturally ex...

    Authors: Agnieszka Wolińska, Anna Szafranek-Nakonieczna, Artur Banach, Mieczysław Błaszczyk and Zofia Stępniewska
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:565
  37. The present study demonstrated the simultaneous production and optimization of pectinolytic enzymes (pectate lyase and polygalacturonase) under SSF from Bacillus tequilensis SV11-UV37 using wheat bran as a substr...

    Authors: Swarupa Rani Chiliveri, Sravanthi Koti and Venkateswar Rao Linga
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:559