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Section Editor: Massoud Mahmoudi


Dr. Massoud Mahmoudi graduated from the A.T. Still University of Health Sciences/ Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine in 1994. He works in Los Gatos, CA and specializes in Allergy & Immunology and Internal Medicine. Dr. Mahmoudi is affiliated with El Camino Hospital and Good Samaritan Hospital.

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  1. Developmental and language outcomes at 2 years of age of children who had arterial switch operation (ASO) for transposition of the great arteries 2004–2010 are described.

    Authors: Matt S. Hicks, Reginald S. Sauve, Charlene M. T. Robertson, Ari R. Joffe, Gwen Alton, Dianne Creighton, David B. Ross and Ivan M. Rebeyka
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1681
  2. Diabetes substantially increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CAD) and is associated with an increased risk of CAD mortality. The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in coronary art...

    Authors: Lijie Zhu, Jingjing Liu, Chuanyu Gao, Wenli Zhao, Jing Que, Xianpei Wang, Datun Qi, Jun Liu, Wentao Xiao, Juanjuan Yan, Wentao Li, You Zhang and Honghui Yang
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1678
  3. Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in coronary artery disease (CAD) with very small vessel diameters remains controversial and challenging. These lesions are usually more diffuse, calcified and tortuous...

    Authors: Muhammad Dzafir Ismail, Wan Azman Wan Ahmad, Matthias Leschke, Matthias Waliszewski, Michael Boxberger, Imran Zainal Abidin and Ahmad Syadi Mahmood Zuhdi
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1668
  4. Colorectal neoplasm and ischemic heart disease (IHD) share common risk factors. However, clinical guidance about screening or surveillance of colorectal neoplasm in patients with IHD has not been made. The aim...

    Authors: Yoo Jee Hee, Chang Seok Bang, Gwang Ho Baik, In Soo Shin, Ki Tae Suk, Tae Young Park and Dong Joon Kim
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1664
  5. When the inframammary fold (IMF) is excised in mastectomy procedures for oncologic reasons, it must be recreated to restore a natural breast shape. Despite refinements in surgical techniques, postoperative los...

    Authors: Koichi Tomita, Kenji Yano, Akimitsu Nishibayashi, Shien Seike and Ko Hosokawa
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1656
  6. The University of Cape Town Karl Storz Head and Neck Surgery Fellowship is the only head and neck surgery fellowship in Sub-Saharan Africa. This article briefly describes this fellowship and outlines the exper...

    Authors: J. J. Fagan, J. Aswani, J. Otiti, V. Mushamba, E. Liyombo, G. Woodson, D. Weed, C. Zender, K. Mannion, J. L. Netterville, R. Wagner and Mark Zafereo
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1652
  7. An outbreak of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) that occurred in a Juku in Fengtai District, Beijing, China, in 2015 was monitored by the China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention. Epidem...

    Authors: Jin-Song Li, Xiao-Gen Dong, Meng Qin, Hui-Ru Feng, Jun-Yong Yang, Ruo-Xi Li, Jian-Jun Zhang and Li-Shu Zheng
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1650
  8. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the microindentation hardness and chemical composition of residual dentin left at the cavity bottom following removal of carious dentin using the Carisolv chemom...

    Authors: Gunseli Katirci and R. Banu Ermis
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1641
  9. Holt–Oram syndrome (HOS) features radial ray hypoplasia, heart defect and cardiac conduction impairment. Ulnar-mammary syndrome (UMS) characterizes congenital defects of the ulnar side of the upper limbs, unde...

    Authors: Katarzyna Iwanicka-Pronicka, Magdalena Socha, Maria Jędrzejowska, Małgorzata Krajewska-Walasek and Aleksander Jamsheer
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1638
  10. Anorectal malformation (ARM) is a rare congenital disorder of the anus and rectum. In the last 30 years virtually all patients born with ARM have survived and surgeons from adult care may be called to deal wit...

    Authors: P. Midrio, S. Battaglia, E. Urso, M. Castagnetti and P. Gamba
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1623
  11. Bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) is an uncommon and severe sequela of chronic obstructive lung disease in children that results from an insult to the lower respiratory tract. Few prognostic factors achieved worl...

    Authors: Pei-Qiong Wu, Xing Li, Wen-Hui Jiang, Gen-Quan Yin, Ai-Hua Lei, Qiang Xiao, Jian-Jun Huang, Zhi-Wei Xie and Li Deng
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1622
  12. Diaphragmatic injuries include wounds and diaphragm ruptures, due to a thoracoabdominal blunt or penetrating traumas. Their incidence ranges between 0.8 and 15 %. The diagnosis is often delayed, despite severa...

    Authors: Ousmane Thiam, Ibrahima Konate, Mohamadou Lamine Gueye, Alpha Omar Toure, Mamadou Seck, Mamadou Cisse, Balla Diop, Elias Said Dirie, Ousmane Ka, Mbaye Thiam, Madieng Dieng, Abdarahmane Dia and Cheikh Tidiane Toure
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1614
  13. The purpose of this study is to assess the advantages of modified ilioinguinal approach in combined surgical exposures for displaced acetabular fractures involving two columns management. 73 patients with disp...

    Authors: Peng Wang, Xiaodong Zhu, Peng Xu, Yan Zhang, Lubo Wang, Xiangyan Liu and Weidong Mu
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1602
  14. This present study aims to determine trends in the prevalence of H. pylori infections in Southeastern China between 2003 and 2012, and investigate corresponding changes in the prevalence of upper gastrointestinal...

    Authors: Jian-Xia Jiang, Qing Liu, Xin-Yi Mao, Hai-Han Zhang, Guo-Xin Zhang and Shun-Fu Xu
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1601
  15. Ileal duplications are encountered infrequently in adults, because symptoms including abdominal pain, intussusception, hemorrhage, and perforation usually present in early childhood. In this report, we present...

    Authors: Yuji Nadatani, Toshio Watanabe, Takashi Sugawa, Shinpei Eguchi, Sunao Shimada, Koji Otani, Hirokazu Yamagami, Tetsuya Tanigawa, Masatsugu Shiba, Kazunari Tominaga, Yasuhiro Fujiwara and Tetsuo Arakawa
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1598
  16. To explore the prevalence of amebiasis in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, in patients in Clinical hospital Mostar (Bosnia and Herzegovina, region of Herzegovina).

    Authors: Emil Babić, Milenko Bevanda, Mladen Mimica, Maja Karin, Mile Volarić, Ante Bogut, Tatjana Barišić, Danijel Pravdić and Nikica Šutalo
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1586
  17. Recombinant monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against tumor necrosis factor alpha are widely used in the biopharmaceutical therapy of autoimmune diseases. Currently, a large number of drugs based on these antibodi...

    Authors: E. V. Voronina, Y. A. Seregin, N. A. Litvinova, V. I. Shvets and R. R. Shukurov
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1584
  18. Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is a rare cardiac anomaly. Application of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is not fully illustrated in pediatric period. Meanwhile, the treatment strategy of CAF is still a co...

    Authors: Guang Song, Jing Zhang, Weidong Ren, Ying Li and Ke Zhou
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1583
  19. Pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy (PTTM) is rare, cancer-related pulmonary complication leading to hypoxia, pulmonary hypertension, and heart failure. The standard treatment for PTTM is not establishe...

    Authors: Ippei Fukada, Kazuhiro Araki, Kokoro Kobayashi, Tomoko Shibayama, Masaru Hatano, Shunji Takahashi, Takuji Iwase, Shinji Ohno and Yoshinori Ito
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1582
  20. Cellulitis is normally treated without knowledge of the responsible pathogen. Blood cultures are positive in about 2–4 %, and superficial swabs are of no value. Needle aspiration has been proposed with identif...

    Authors: Rein Jan Piso, R. Pop, M. Wieland, I. Griesshammer, M. Urfer, U. Schibli and S. Bassetti
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1578
  21. Immigration policies can cause significant public health consequences, posing detrimental social and health effects for migrants, their families and communities. Migrants often face obstacles to health due to ...

    Authors: Maryellen D. Brisbois, Helena Oliveira Silva, Helder Rocha Pereira and Kristen A. Sethares
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1576
  22. Pseudoaneurysm formation is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication after surgical repair of congenital heart disease. We present a boy with truncus arteriosus communis 14 years after homograft pl...

    Authors: Rouven Kubicki, Brigitte Stiller and Jochen Grohmann
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1575
  23. Daclatasvir, a HCV NS5A inhibitor, is a new direct-acting antiviral drug for chronic hepatitis C (CHC). This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of daclatasvir combined with peginterferon-α (pegIFN...

    Authors: Qin Peng, Kang Li, Ming Rong Cao, Cai Qun Bie, Hui Jun Tang and Shao Hui Tang
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1569
  24. Amiodarone is effective in suppressing arrhythmias in heart failure patients. We investigated the effect of long-term amiodarone administration on myocardial fibrosis and left ventricular (LV) remodeling in a ...

    Authors: Anastasia Zagorianou, Meletios Marougkas, Stavros G. Drakos, Nikolaos Diakos, Panagiotis Konstantopoulos, Despina N. Perrea, Maria Anastasiou-Nana and Konstantinos Malliaras
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1568
  25. Posterior right diaphragmatic hernia is rare in newborn patients but when present, is accompanied by high mortality. Pulmonary hypoplasia seems to be the main cause of death but the presence of liver involveme...

    Authors: Filippo Banchini, Roberta Santoni, Antonio Banchini, Flavio Cesare Bodini and Patrizio Capelli
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1561
  26. Corneal foreign bodies are reported to be the second most common type of ocular injury. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) is a valuable tool for the early diagnosis and monitoring the prog...

    Authors: Ali Riza Cenk Celebi, Ayse Ebru Kilavuzoglu, Ugur Emrah Altiparmak, C. Banu Cosar and Abdullah Ozkiris
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1559
  27. The non-profit and volunteer sector has made notable contributions to delivering surgical services in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). As an estimated 55 % of surgical care delivered in some LMICs is v...

    Authors: Lily Gutnik, Gavin Yamey, Robert Riviello, John G. Meara, Anna J. Dare and Mark G. Shrime
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1558
  28. Approximately 170 million people in the world are infected with Hepatitis C virus (HCV). There are no published population based studies about the prevalence of HCV genotypes and the associations of genotype a...

    Authors: ZhiLi Niu, PingAn Zhang and YongQing Tong
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1557
  29. Carotid blowout syndrome (CBS) secondary to radiation therapy is life-threatening and requires emergency treatment. More recently, endovascular treatment has provided an effective way to control CBS-related bl...

    Authors: Fei Dong, Qian Li, JianJun Wu, MinMing Zhang, GuangQiang Zhang, Bin Li, Kai Jin, Jie Min, WeiRen Liang and Ming Chao
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1553
  30. Bowel-associated dermatosis-arthritis syndrome is rare systemic diseases characterized by a prodrome of fever, chills, and influenza-like symptoms with subsequent skin eruptions, myalgias, and polyarthralgias....

    Authors: Hongjun Zhao, Lijuan Zhao, Wei Shi, Hui Luo, Liping Duan, Yunhui You, Yisha Li and Xiaoxia Zuo
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1551
  31. To explore and validate the factor structure of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in young collegiate adults.

    Authors: Md. Dilshad Manzar, Wassilatul Zannat, M. Ejaz Hussain, Seithikurippu R. Pandi-Perumal, Ahmed S. Bahammam, Doaa Barakat, Nwakile Izuchukwu Ojike, Awad Olaish and D. Warren Spence
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1550
  32. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major health care problem resulting in significant mortality, morbidity and increase in medical expenses. Patients with malignant diseases represent a high risk population for...

    Authors: Negib Geahchan, Melkart Basile and Maroon Tohmeh
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1541
  33. To investigate whether women raised in a family with substance abuse constitute a particularly vulnerable group of patients in an infant psychiatry setting and to identify the risk factors of suspected parenta...

    Authors: Eva Tedgård and Maria Råstam
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1540
  34. Analysis of the most influential publications within paracetamol poisoning treatment can be helpful in recognizing main and novel treatment issues within the field of toxicology. The current study was performe...

    Authors: Sa’ed H. Zyoud, W. Stephen Waring, Samah W. Al-Jabi, Waleed M. Sweileh and Rahmat Awang
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1534
  35. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is known to be involved in innate immunity and inflammatory responses that play important roles in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). But the relationship between TLR4 ...

    Authors: Liting Zhou, Dongchun Zheng, Shuyue Wang, Jian Zhu, Yiyang Jia, Di Sun, Jin Xu, Qi Wang, Huaiji Chen, Feng Xu, Bo Li and Lin Ye
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1533
  36. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on the generation of angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) by rat brain microvascular endothelial cells under an oxygen- and glucose-deprivat...

    Authors: Xiaobo Chen, Qiang Wang, Leyun Zhan and Aihua Shu
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1518
  37. Human enteroviruses (EVs) are the major causative agents of aseptic meningitis. In this study, a total of 524 children were admitted to the children Kunming hospital (continental China) f...

    Authors: Yanju Zhu, Xi Zhou, Jiansheng Liu, Longhui Xia, Yue Pan, Junying Chen, Na Luo, Jianzhong Yin and Shaohui Ma
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1515
  38. In femoral trochanteric fractures, fractures whose fracture lines extend to the basal neck or to the subtrochanteric part have high instability. Area classification can identify such instable fractures. The be...

    Authors: Hiroaki Kijima, Shin Yamada, Natsuo Konishi, Hitoshi Kubota, Hiroshi Tazawa, Takayuki Tani, Norio Suzuki, Keiji Kamo, Yoshihiko Okudera, Ken Sasaki, Tetsuya Kawano, Naohisa Miyakoshi and Yoichi Shimada
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1512
  39. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes have distinct geographical distributions and are associated with different clinical courses. HBV genotype G (HBV/G) is extremely rare among Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) ...

    Authors: Eisuke Adachi, Masaya Sugiyama, Sayaka Shimizu, Kako Kodama, Tadashi Kikuchi, Michiko Koga, Masashi Mizokami and Tomohiko Koibuchi
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1502
  40. The development of high-energy weapons could increase the velocity of projectiles to well over 1000 m/s. The nature of the injuries caused by the ballistic impact of projectiles at velocities much faster than...

    Authors: Jin Chen, Bo Zhang, Wei Chen, Jian-yi Kang, Kui-jun Chen, Ai-min Wang and Jian-min Wang
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1497