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Earth and Environmental Sciences

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  1. Content type: Research

    The metropolitan area of the Toluca Valley (MATV) extends over an area of 1208.55 km2 and has 1,361,500 inhabitants making it the fifth highest populated area in the country and the second highest in the state. T...

    Authors: G. Macedo-Miranda, P. Avila-Pérez, P. Gil-Vargas, G. Zarazúa, J. C. Sánchez-Meza, C. Zepeda-Gómez and S. Tejeda

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:715

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  2. Content type: Case study

    Estimating groundwater inflow into a tunnel before and during the excavation process is an important task to ensure the safety and schedule during the underground construction process.

    Authors: Tian-xing Hou, Xing-guo Yang, Hui-ge Xing, Kang-xin Huang and Jia-wen Zhou

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:700

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  3. Content type: Research

    Microalgae cultivation for biomass production and nutrient removal implies the use of natural light and minimal control of the temperature for obtaining a low cost production. The aim of this study was to quan...

    Authors: Anette M. Åkerström, Leiv M. Mortensen, Bjørn Rusten and Hans Ragnar Gislerød

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:676

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  4. Content type: Short report

    Heat collection rate and heat loss coefficient are crucial indicators for the evaluation of in service water-in-glass evacuated tube solar water heaters. However, the direct determination requires complex dete...

    Authors: Zhijian Liu, Hao Li, Xindong Tang, Xinyu Zhang, Fan Lin and Kewei Cheng

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:626

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  5. Content type: Research

    The study highlights the dynamics and morphological characteristics of the Genus Planktoniella Schutt. The two available species P. sol (Wallich) Schutt. and P. blanda (Schmidt) Syvertsen and Hasle are important ...

    Authors: Sanoyaz Sekh, Biswajit Biswas, Manjushree Mandal and Neera Sen Sarkar

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:611

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  6. Content type: Research

    Pollution of surface water with heavy metals from industrial activities especially those from scrap yard has caused a major threat to human life exposing man to series of hazard, diseases, disability and conse...

    Authors: Olusheyi Z. Ojekunle, Olurotimi V. Ojekunle, Azeem A. Adeyemi, Abayomi G. Taiwo, Opeyemi R. Sangowusi, Adewale M. Taiwo and Adetoun A. Adekitan

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:560

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  7. Content type: Research

    Many parameters in environmental, scientific and human sciences investigations need to be interpolated. Geostatistics, with its structural analysis step, is widely used for this purpose. This precious step th...

    Authors: Zakari Arétouyap, Philippe Njandjock Nouck, Robert Nouayou, Franck Eithel Ghomsi Kemgang, Axel Dorian Piépi Toko and Jamal Asfahani

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:549

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in SpringerPlus 2016 5:962

  8. Content type: Research

    Cyanobacterial blooms result in high level of cyanobacterial extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) in water. The effects of bloom-forming cyanobacterial EPS on the distribution of Cd(II) in the interface be...

    Authors: Xiaolin Kuang, Jihai Shao, Anwei Chen, Si Luo, Liang Peng, Genyi Wu and Ji-Dong Gu

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:542

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  9. Content type: Research

    Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have recently attracted increasing concerns due to their ubiquitous existence, adverse effects and persistence in environment. This study employed four perfluorinated carboxyl...

    Authors: Hongxia Zhao, Baocheng Qu, Yue Guan, Jingqiu Jiang and Xiuying Chen

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:541

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  10. Content type: Research

    Permeability variation in tight channel sand formation makes an important role in gas production. Based on the features of channel sand formation, a mathematical model has been established considering anisotro...

    Authors: Ruifei Wang, Hongqing Song, Hewei Tang, Yuhe Wang, John Killough and Gang Huang

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:540

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  11. Content type: Research

    Field monitoring and laboratory results are presented for an unsaturated volcanic pyroclastic. The pyroclastic belongs to the latest plinian eruption of the Ilopango Caldera in the Metropolitan Area of San Sal...

    Authors: José Alexander Chávez, José Landaverde, Reynaldo López Landaverde and Václav Tejnecký

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:536

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  12. Content type: Research

    A comparative study was performed to identify differences in the amino acid composition of the eyes from zebrafish (Danio rerio) and sardine (Sardina pilchardus) larvae and their link to the environmental adaptio...

    Authors: Francesca Falco, Marco Barra, Matteo Cammarata, Angela Cuttitta, Sichao Jia, Angelo Bonanno, Salvatore Mazzola and Guoyao Wu

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:519

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  13. Content type: Research

    The leaf area index (LAI) is a key biophysical parameter that determines the state of plant growth. A global LAI has been routinely produced by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectro-radiometer (MODIS) and Ad...

    Authors: Jianjun Zhao, Yanying Wang, Hongyan Zhang, Zhengxiang Zhang, Xiaoyi Guo, Shan Yu and Wala Du

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:516

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  14. Content type: Research

    La Paz River in Andean highlands is heavily polluted with urban run-off and further contaminates agricultural lowlands and downstream waters at the Amazon watershed. Agricultural produce at this region is the ...

    Authors: Violeta Poma, Nataniel Mamani and Volga Iñiguez

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:499

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  15. Content type: Research

    Quantification of net ecosystem carbon exchange (NEE) between the atmosphere and vegetation is of great importance for regional and global studies of carbon balance. The eddy covariance technique can quantify ...

    Authors: Yuandong Wang, Xuguang Tang, Lianfang Yu, Xiyong Hou and J. William Munger

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:491

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  16. Content type: Research

    Irrigation of agricultural land with wastewater leads to continuous buildup of metals at these sites which gets accumulated in the vegetables and crops growing on these sites. Not just the crops irrigated with...

    Authors: Ashita Sharma, Jatinder Kaur Katnoria and Avinash Kaur Nagpal

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:488

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  17. Content type: Research

    Land use changes have been investigated in the surroundings of 14 rural Montenegrin settlements in order to get specific information about trends in land abandonment since around 1950. Permanently, seasonally...

    Authors: Annelies Kerckhof, Velibor Spalevic, Veerle Van Eetvelde and Jan Nyssen

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:485

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  18. Content type: Research

    Particle size analysis of lacustrine core sediments and atmospheric natural dust were conducted in the drainage area of Ebinur Lake in arid northwest China. Using a combination of 137Cs and 210Pb dating, a contin...

    Authors: Long Ma, Jinglu Wu and Jilili Abuduwaili

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:481

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  19. Content type: Research

    The growth response, metal tolerance and phytoaccumulation properties of water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) and okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) were assessed under different contaminated spiked metals: control, 50 mg...

    Authors: Chuck Chuan Ng, Md Motior Rahman, Amru Nasrulhaq Boyce and Mhd Radzi Abas

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:469

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  20. Content type: Research

    Rainfall erosivity is the potential ability for rainfall to cause soil loss. The purpose of this study was to estimate the rainfall erosivity index for the Ghana Atomic Energy Commission site in order to compu...

    Authors: Paul Essel, Eric T. Glover, Serwaa Yeboah, Yaw Adjei-Kyereme, Israel Nutifafa Doyi Yawo, Mawutoli Nyarku, Godfred S. Asumadu-Sakyi, Gustav Kudjoe Gbeddy, Yvette Agyiriba Agyiri, Evans Mawuli Ameho and Emmanuel Atule Aberikae

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:465

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  21. Content type: Research

    Worldwide, an estimated 35 % of mangrove forests have been lost between 1980 and 2005—among other reasons due to expansion of aquaculture production systems. In Vietnam, where the total mangrove area decreased...

    Authors: Urs Baumgartner, Shelagh Kell and Tuan Hoang Nguyen

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:438

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  22. Content type: Research

    Fountain Creek in Colorado USA is a major tributary that confluences with the Arkansas River at Pueblo, Colorado, the result being the tributary’s influence on Arkansas River water quality affecting down-strea...

    Authors: D. R. Nimmo, S. J. Herrmann, J. S. Carsella, C. M. McGarvy, H. P. Foutz, L. M. Herrmann-Hoesing, J. M. Gregorich, J. A. Turner and B. D. Vanden Heuvel

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:437

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  23. Content type: Research

    Based on the geo-statistical theory and ArcGIS geo-statistical module, datas of 30 groundwater level observation wells were used to estimate the decline of groundwater level in Beijing piedmont. Seven differe...

    Authors: Yong Xiao, Xiaomin Gu, Shiyang Yin, Jingli Shao, Yali Cui, Qiulan Zhang and Yong Niu

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:425

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  24. Content type: Research

    An understanding of the contribution of manure applications to global atmospheric N2O loading is needed to evaluate agriculture’s contribution to the global warming process. Two field experiments were carried out...

    Authors: Johnson Masaka, Justice Nyamangara and Menas Wuta

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:421

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  25. Content type: Research

    To assess the efficiency of seven treatments including biochars produced from dried faecal matter and manures as stabilizing agents of cadmium (Cd)-spiked soils, lettuce was grown in glasshouse on two contrast...

    Authors: Desta Woldetsadik, Pay Drechsel, Bernard Keraita, Bernd Marschner, Fisseha Itanna and Heluf Gebrekidan

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:397

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  26. Content type: Case study

    This study focused on using analytical and numerical models to develop and manage groundwater resources, and predict the effects of management measurements in the groundwater system. Movement of contaminants c...

    Authors: Tianxin Li, Li Li, Hongqing Song, Linglong Meng, Shuli Zhang and Gang Huang

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:392

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  27. Content type: Research

    Nutrient stoichiometry within a wetland is affected by the surrounding land use, and may play a significant role in the removal of nitrate (NO3–N). Tile-drained, agricultural watersheds experience high seasonal i...

    Authors: Brian D. Grebliunas and William L. Perry

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:359

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  28. Content type: Research

    This study aimed to investigate the correlation of carbon and nitrogen in soil and leaves with the altitude, vegetation type, herbaceous biomass (HB), litter mass (LM) and with each other. Soil and leaf sample...

    Authors: Arshad Ali Shedayi, Ming Xu, Iqnaa Naseer and Babar Khan

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:320

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  29. Content type: Research

    In this study, sixty-two (62) skin-lightening creams and soaps were analysed for total mercury and hydroquinone levels. Total mercury was determined by the Cold Vapour Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry using...

    Authors: Eric Selorm Agorku, Edward Ebow Kwaansa-Ansah, Ray Bright Voegborlo, Pamela Amegbletor and Francis Opoku

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:319

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  30. Content type: Review

    U–Pb analyses of zircon from ten samples of augen gneisses, eight mafic and intermediate metaigneous rocks and six metasediments from some tectonic domains along the Calabria–Peloritani Terrane (Southern Ital...

    Authors: Annamaria Fornelli, Francesca Micheletti and Giuseppe Piccarreta

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:212

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  31. Content type: Research

    Several taxa of Cactaceae are endangered by overcollection for commercial purposes, and most of the family is included in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora (CITES)....

    Authors: Ornella Badalamenti, Angela Carra, Elisabetta Oddo, Francesco Carimi and Maurizio Sajeva

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:201

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  32. Content type: Research

    Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum) is one of the main fodder crops of Punjab, India. But due to the heavy metal contamination of agricultural soils by anthropogenic activities, there is rise in metal bioaccumulatio...

    Authors: Sandip Singh Bhatti, Vasudha Sambyal and Avinash Kaur Nagpal

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:173

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  33. Content type: Research

    A highly oil-polluted soil from Krasnoe in North-West Russia was used to investigate the degradation of organic pollutants during electrodialytic remediation. Removal efficiencies were up to 70 % for total hy...

    Authors: Kristine B. Pedersen, Tore Lejon, Pernille E. Jensen and Lisbeth M. Ottosen

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:168

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