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Biomedical and Life Sciences

Page 5 of 22

  1. Compression garments are thought to aid performance in some selected speed–power activities owing to improved sensory feedback and proprioception. The aim of this study was to test the effects of using compres...

    Authors: Irineu Loturco, Ciro Winckler, Thiago F. Lourenço, Amaury Veríssimo, Ronaldo Kobal, Katia Kitamura, Lucas A. Pereira and Fábio Y. Nakamura

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1047

    Content type: Short Report

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  2. Effective conversion of xylose into ethanol is important for lignocellulosic ethanol production. In the present study, UV-C mutagenesis was used to improve the efficiency of xylose fermentation. The mutated Schef...

    Authors: Srisuda Senatham, Thada Chamduang, Yotin Kaewchingduang, Anon Thammasittirong, Malee Srisodsuk, Adam Elliston, Ian N. Roberts, Keith W. Waldron and Sutticha Na-Ranong Thammasittirong

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1040

    Content type: Research

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  3. Escherichia coli, a commensal in the intestines of vertebrates, is capable of colonizing many different hosts and the environment. Commensal E. coli strains are believed to be the prec...

    Authors: Shih Keng Loong, Nur Hidayana Mahfodz, Nurul Asma Anati Che Mat Seri, Haryanti Azura Mohamad Wali, Syahar Amir Abd Gani, Pooi-Fong Wong and Sazaly AbuBakar

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1035

    Content type: Research

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  4. Glutamate (Glu) plays various roles directly or through conversions to other amino acids in intracellular metabolisms such as energy source for enterocytes and precursor for nucleic acids. In this study, we ex...

    Authors: Chika Yoshida, Mayumi Maekawa, Makoto Bannai and Takeshi Yamamoto

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1021

    Content type: Research

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  5. To explore the mechanisms by which the wasp Scleroderma sichuanensis Xiao regulates the physiology and biochemistry of its host, effects of S. sichuanensis venom and parasitism on host the Tenebrio molitor L. pup...

    Authors: Zhi-hang Zhuo, Wei Yang, Dan-ping Xu, Chun-ping Yang and Hua Yang

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1017

    Content type: Research

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  6. Human Fas ligand extracellular domain has been investigated as an important target protein in the field of medical biotechnology. In a recent study, the author developed an effective method to produce biologic...

    Authors: Michiro Muraki

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:997

    Content type: Short report

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  7. Artemisia scoparia, Artemisia sacrorum and Artemisia giraldii were three dominant Artemisia species which successive grew in the secondary succession on abandoned...

    Authors: Yong Wang, Jing Yu, Pengguo Xia, Shaoxuan He, Ziyun Zhou, Ruilian Han and Zongsuo Liang

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:992

    Content type: Research

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  8. Native egg white protein with high level of acidic amino acid residues (pI = 4.8) and hydrophilic nature was transformed into its methylated derivative (MEW), acquiring rather hydrophobic and basic character (...

    Authors: Seham Abdel-Shafi, Ali Osman, Gamal Enan, Mona El-Nemer and Mahmoud Sitohy

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:983

    Content type: Research

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  9. Rare studies have been performed to trace the mineral elements in Dendrobium officinale. In this study, we aim to trace the mineral elements in D. officinale collected from ten geographical locations in China. IC...

    Authors: Nannan Zhu, Shen Han, Chunning Yang, Jixu Qu, Zhirong Sun, Wenjie Liu and Xiaomin Zhang

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:979

    Content type: Research

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  10. Cover crops are a major focus of conservation agriculture efforts because they can provide soil cover and increase nutrient availability after their mineralization in cropping systems. To evaluate the effect ...

    Authors: M. J. Lynch, M. J. Mulvaney, S. C. Hodges, T. L. Thompson and W. E. Thomason

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:973

    Content type: Research

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  11. Feeding trials were designed to evaluate the nutritive value of feather meal treated by K6 and K82 keratinase. There were five treatments in feather meal preparation: CFM (non-enzymatically treated feather mea...

    Authors: Warintorn Eaksuree, Akkharadet Prachayakitti, Tewa Upathanpreecha, Rutjawate Taharnklaew, Sunee Nitisinprasert and Suttipun Keawsompong

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:971

    Content type: Research

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  12. The seasonal abundance of African Invader fly, Bactrocera invadens and the influence of temperature and rainfall on fly catches was determined in two agro ecological zones; moist semi-dec...

    Authors: Charles Amankwa Adzim, Maxwell Kelvin Billah and Kwame Afreh-Nuamah

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:968

    Content type: Research

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  13. Many issues concerning sample processing for intracellular metabolite studies in filamentous fungi still need to be solved, e.g. how to reduce the contact time of the biomass to the quenching solution in order...

    Authors: Pamela Vrabl, Desiree J. Artmann, Christoph W. Schinagl and Wolfgang Burgstaller

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:966

    Content type: Research

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  14. The enzyme β-1,3-glucan synthase, which catalyzes the synthesis of β-1,3-glucan, an essential and unique structural component of the fungal cell wall, has been considered as a promising target for the developm...

    Authors: Potshangbam Angamba Meetei, R. .S. Rathore, N. Prakash Prabhu and Vaibhav Vindal

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:965

    Content type: Research

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  15. The present investigation was undertaken to isolate, screen and evaluate a selected promising PGPR Brevibacillus brevis on cotton crop. Out of 156 bacterial isolates one of the most promising isolate was analyzed...

    Authors: Vibha Nehra, Baljeet Singh Saharan and Madhu Choudhary

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:948

    Content type: Research

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  16. Various complications lead to reoperation in patients who undergo prosthetic valve replacement where inflammatory process could be involved. The goals of this study were to identify risk factors that correlat...

    Authors: Kyung Eun Lee, Joo Hee Kim, Jee Eun Chung, Gwan Yung Lee, Yoon Jeong Cho, Byung Chul Chang and Hye Sun Gwak

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:937

    Content type: Research

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  17. Taxodium is a genus renowned for its fast growth, good form and tolerance of flooding, salt, alkalinity, disease and strong winds. In this study, a genetic linkage map was constructed usi...

    Authors: Ziyang Wang, Yanli Cheng, Yunlong Yin, Chaoguang Yu, Ying Yang, Qin Shi, Ziyuan Hao and Huogen Li

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:936

    Content type: Research

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  18. The present study investigates the anti-proliferative and apoptosis inducing mechanism of CoCl2·6H2O in PC-3 cancer cell line. Preliminary, three different forms of cobalt i.e., cobaltous (CoCl2·6H2O), macro-Co(I...

    Authors: Sonia Mahey, Rakesh Kumar, Rohit Arora, Jyoti Mahajan, Saroj Arora, Renu Bhardwaj and Ashwani Kumar Thukral

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:930

    Content type: Research

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  19. In the present study the influence of long photoperiod (LP, 16L:8D) and short photoperiod (SP, 8L:16D) on hepatic energy metabolism in the olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) was investigated. Flounders were ...

    Authors: Huafeng Zou, Xianshou Bai, Yuhong Feng, Ying Zhang, Youji Wang and Weiqun Lu

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:924

    Content type: Research

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  20. In the poultry industry, many efforts have been undertaken to further improve the growth performance of broilers and identification and modulation of body weight (BW)-related bacteria could be one of the strat...

    Authors: Geon Goo Han, Eun Bae Kim, Jinyoung Lee, Jun-Yeong Lee, Gwideuk Jin, Jongbin Park, Chul-Sung Huh, Ill-Kyong Kwon, Dong Yong Kil, Yun-Jaie Choi and Changsu Kong

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:911

    Content type: Research

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  21. This study was conducted to investigate the dietary effect of conventional or lutein-fortified chlorella on milk production and lutein incorporation in milk. Fifteen Holstein cows in mid-lactation were used in...

    Authors: Jin-Young Jeon, Keun-Kyu Park, Kyung-Woo Lee, Seung-Wan Jang, Byung-Hern Moon and Byoung-Ki An

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:908

    Content type: Short report

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  22. In the current study forty eight compounds belonging to anthraquinones, naphthoquinones, benzoquinones, flavonoids (chalcones and polymethoxylated flavones) and diterpenoids (clerodanes and kauranes) were expl...

    Authors: Leonidah K. Omosa, Jacob O. Midiwo, Armelle T. Mbaveng, Simplice B. Tankeo, Jackson A. Seukep, Igor K. Voukeng, Joachim K. Dzotam, John Isemeki, Solomon Derese, Ruth A. Omolle, Thomas Efferth and Victor Kuete

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:901

    Content type: Research

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  23. As the amount of commercially available genetically modified organisms (GMOs) grows recent years, the diversity of target sequences for molecular detection techniques are eagerly needed. Considered as the gold...

    Authors: Cheng Peng, Pengfei Wang, Xiaoli Xu, Xiaofu Wang, Wei Wei, Xiaoyun Chen and Junfeng Xu

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:889

    Content type: Technical note

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  24. Muscle growth requires a constant supply of amino acids (AAs) from the blood. Therefore, plasma AA profile is a critical factor for maximizing the growth performance of animals, including pigs. This research w...

    Authors: Naresh Regmi, Taiji Wang, Mark A. Crenshaw, Brian J. Rude, Guoyao Wu and Shengfa F. Liao

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:888

    Content type: Research

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  25. Jiangsu is one province with severe HIV-1 epidemic in China. However, the molecular epidemiological characterizations of HIV-1 in many cities of Jiangsu remain unclear. A molecular epidemiological investigatio...

    Authors: Chenhao Qin, Ping Zhang, Weiguang Zhu, Fangyuan Hao, Aiping Gu, Ping Fen, Xueming Zhu and Hong Du

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:886

    Content type: Research

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  26. HIV-positive individuals are at higher risk of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization and its related infection. There is limited data in the nation on the prevalence and risk factors of ...

    Authors: Goyitom Gebremedhn, Tewelde Tesfay Gebremariam, Araya Gebreyesus Wasihun, Tsehaye Asmelash Dejene and Muthupandian Saravanan

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:877

    Content type: Research

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  27. Eco-friendly synthesis of nanoparticles is viewed as an alternative to the chemical method and initiated the use of microorganisms for synthesis. The present study has been designed to utilize plant pathogenic...

    Authors: Juhi Saxena, Prashant Kumar Sharma, Madan Mohan Sharma and Abhijeet Singh

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:861

    Content type: Research

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  28. Multidrug resistance is a global health issue. Hence integration of traditional medicine like honey and modern medicine could be a best option in the treatment of patients infected with drug resistant bacteria...

    Authors: Araya Gebereyesus Wasihun and Berhe Gebreslassie Kasa

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:842

    Content type: Research

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  29. Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are a family of multifunctional phase II enzymes that are involved in the detoxification of exogenous and endogenous compounds. In this study, a full-length cDNA of Mu-class GST ...

    Authors: Yun Wang, Lihui Liu, Jianhua Huang, Yafei Duan, Jun Wang, Mingjun Fu and Heizhao Lin

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:825

    Content type: Research

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  30. The acetyl-CoA synthetase (ACS) family is a subfamily of adenylate-forming enzymes, which has a close evolutionary relationship with the 4-coumarate:CoA ligase (4CL) family. In this study, two ACS genes were c...

    Authors: Shan Cao, Hui Li, Xiaoyun Yao, Lihong Li, Luyao Jiang, Qiang Zhang, Jiaxue Zhang, Di Liu and Hai Lu

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:818

    Content type: Research

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  31. Skeletal muscle atrophy is caused by a variety of diseases and conditions. In particular, skeletal muscle atrophy in the elderly contributes to a loss of independence with advanced age and increases the risk o...

    Authors: Yasuyuki Sakata, Tomoyuki Okamoto, Kazutaka Oshio, Hirohiko Nakamura, Hiroshi Iwamoto, Kazuyoshi Namba, Yasuhiro Takeda and Fumiaki Yoshizawa

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:816

    Content type: Research

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  32. β-Glucan is a polysaccharide that can be extracted from fungal cell walls. Wellmune WGP®, a preparation of β-1,3/1,6-glucans, is a dietary supplement that has immunomodulating properties. Here we investigated the...

    Authors: Ashley R. Burg, Laura Quigley, Adam V. Jones, Geraldine M. O’Connor, Kimberly Boelte, Daniel W. McVicar and Selinda J. Orr

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:815

    Content type: Research

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  33. Genome editors such as CRISPR/Cas9 and TALENs are at the forefront of research into methodologies for targeted modification of the mammalian genome. To date few comparative studies have been carried out to inv...

    Authors: Zuyong He, Chris Proudfoot, C. Bruce A. Whitelaw and Simon G. Lillico

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:814

    Content type: Research

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  34. Mannose binding lectin (MBL) is a liver derived protein which plays an important role in innate immunity. Mannose binding lectin gene 2 (MBL2) polymorphisms are reported to be associated with various diseases. In...

    Authors: Namarta Kalia, Aarti Sharma, Manpreet Kaur, Sukhdev Singh Kamboj and Jatinder Singh

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:811

    Content type: Research

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  35. Cardiac remodeling and failure are regulated by a myriad of cardiac protein phosphorylations. In the present study, cardiac phosphoprotein patterns were examined in rodent and human hearts Left ventricular tis...

    Authors: K. Kotlo, A. M. Samarel, H. Y. Chen, J. Aldstadt and R. S. Danziger

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:808

    Content type: Research

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  36. Cooking banana and plantain (Musa spp. AAB and ABB groups), have over the years been affected by pest and diseases, resulting in various organizations developing disease resistant hybrids with superior agronomic ...

    Authors: George Amponsah Annor, Prudence Asamoah-Bonti and Esther Sakyi-Dawson

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:796

    Content type: Research

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  37. The Chinese white wax scale insect, Ericerus pela, is a well-known resource insect. The females and males are dramatically distinct at each developmental stage. We sought to identify suitable reference genes to u...

    Authors: Shu-Hui Yu, Pu Yang, Tao Sun, Qian Qi, Xue-Qing Wang, Dong-Li Xu and Xiao-Ming Chen

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:791

    Content type: Research

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  38. The ability to identify clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) patients at high risk of progression to clinically definite multiple sclerosis (CDMS) would be clinically beneficial. The initiation of T cell mediate...

    Authors: Sharee A. Basdeo, Siobhan Kelly, Karen O’Connell, Niall Tubridy, Christopher McGuigan and Jean M. Fletcher

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:779

    Content type: Short report

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  39. Bioaccumulation of six heavy metals (Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn) in the muscle of highly consumed fish species (Mastacembelus armatus) were measured using atomic absorption spectrometer. Fe (213.29 mg/kg dry weight) ...

    Authors: Mehjbeen Javed and Nazura Usmani

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:776

    Content type: Research

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