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  1. Biliary atresia (BA) is characterized by progressive inflammation and fibrosis of bile ducts. A theory of pathogenesis entails autoimmune-mediated injury targeting bile duct epithelia. One of the strongest gen...

    Authors: Cara L Mack, Kirsten M Anderson, Michael T Aubrey, Philip Rosenthal, Ronald J Sokol and Brian M Freed
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:42
  2. Extracts of Chaetomium globosum EF18, isolated as endophytic fungus from Withania somnifera, were found effective against Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Ethyl acetate and methanol extracts were more effective than hex...

    Authors: Susheel Kumar, Nutan Kaushik and Peter Proksch
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:37
  3. Infectious bronchitis (IB) is a highly contagious disease of the respiratory and urogenital tract of chickens, caused by infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), a member of the family Coronaviridae. The disease is com...

    Authors: Mohammad Jahantigh, Saeed Salari and Mahdi Hedayati
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:36
  4. Three-dimensional femoral trabecular architecture was investigated in tail-suspended young growing rats and the effects of jump exercise during the period of tail-suspension were also examined. Eight-week-old ...

    Authors: Yong-In Ju, Teruki Sone, Kazuhiro Ohnaru, Hak-Jin Choi, Kyung-A Choi and Masao Fukunaga
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:35
  5. Computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous drilling is an alternative for osteoid osteoma treatment. This study aims to evaluate the remodeling of the drill orifice. The success rate and complications were a...

    Authors: Edgard Eduard Engel, Nelson Fabrício Gava, Marcello Henrique Nogueira-Barbosa and Filipe Almeida Botter
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:34
  6. Four novel unsymmetrical β-diketiminates 2-(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)amino-4-(phenyl)imino-2-pentene (4a), 2-(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)amino-4-(4-methylphenyl)imino-2-pentene (4b), 2-(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)amino-4-(4-m...

    Authors: Siddappa A Patil, Phillip A Medina, Joseph W Ziller and Bradley D Fahlman
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:32
  7. The aim of this study was the rapid identification of bla KPC gene in 38 Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates with reduced susceptibility to carbapenems. The modified Hodge Test (MHT) was carried out to phenot...

    Authors: Adriana Mosca, Luisa Miragliotta, Raffaele Del Prete, Gerasimos Tzakis, Lidia Dalfino, Francesco Bruno, Laura Pagani, Roberta Migliavacca, Aurora Piazza and Giuseppe Miragliotta
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:31
  8. The kinetics of the oxidation of two tricyclic antidepressants (TCA) namely, imipramine (IMP) and clomipramine (CLM) with sodium N-chloro-p-toluenesulfonamide or chloramine-T (CAT) in HClO4 medium was studied at ...

    Authors: Anu Sukhdev and Puttaswamy Puttaswamy
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:30
  9. Six morphometric traits (height at withers, body length, chest girth, ear length, tail length and body weight) were analyzed to characterize from a breed point of view 1981 sheep from four ovine breeds (Bellar...

    Authors: Dinesh Kumar Yadav, Anand Jain, Viswanath Sheshagirirao Kulkarni, Mandera Giriyappa Govindaiah, Thimmappa Aswathnarayan and Devinder Kumar Sadana
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:29
  10. The objective of this study was to determine the changes and sensitivity of electro encephalogram during interictal period and to evaluate the finding in the clinically suspected seizure events in a tertiary c...

    Authors: Rajib Nayan Chowdhury, ATM Hasibul Hasan, Kazi Mohibur Rahman, Badrul Alam Mondol, Sudip Ranjan Deb and Quazi Deen Mohammad
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:27
  11. Microcarriers are widely used for the large-scale culture of attachment-dependent cells with increased cell densities and, ultimately, higher product yield. In these processes, the specific culture conditions ...

    Authors: Ana Rita Costa, Joanne Withers, Maria Elisa Rodrigues, Niaobh McLoughlin, Mariana Henriques, Rosário Oliveira, Pauline M Rudd and Joana Azeredo
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:25
  12. An assessment of the concentrations of thirteen different therapeutic pharmaceutical compounds was conducted on water samples obtained from different wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) using solid phase extra...

    Authors: Rayco Guedes-Alonso, Cristina Afonso-Olivares, Sarah Montesdeoca-Esponda, Zoraida Sosa-Ferrera and José Juan Santana-Rodríguez
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:24
  13. Brief episodes of hypotension have been shown to cause acute brain damage inanimal models. We used a rat hemorrhagic shock model to assess functionaloutcome and to measure the relative neuronal damage at 1, 4 ...

    Authors: Rafael E Chaparro, Carolina Quiroga, Gerardo Bosco, Diana Erasso, Alessandro Rubini, Devanand Mangar, Andrea Parmagnani and Enrico M Camporesi
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:23
  14. Skin rash is one of the notorious adverse events of gefitinib as well as other epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The differences of response rate and frequency of adverse events betw...

    Authors: Yasoo Sugiura, Etsuo Nemoto, Osamu Kawai, Yasuyuki Ohkubo, Hisae Fusegawa and Shizuka Kaseda
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:22
  15. This article focuses on mapping the Sun’s large-scale magnetic fields. In particular, the model considers how photospheric fields evolve in time. Our solar field mapping method uses Netlogo’s cellular automata...

    Authors: Kenneth H Schatten
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:21
  16. Bile acids play an important role in post-prandial glucose metabolism by stimulating release of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) via the G-protein-coupled receptor TGR5, which is expressed in intestinal L cells...

    Authors: Masanori Murakami, Naoko Une, Maiko Nishizawa, Sayaka Suzuki, Hideki Ito and Toshiyuki Horiuchi
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:20
  17. Obesity and its related illnesses are pan-endemic health problems which require intervention. Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB) is seen as a safe surgical procedure with satisfactory results on we...

    Authors: Khalid Al Khalifa, Claudio Violato and Ahmed Al Ansari
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:19
  18. Alteration in body composition, physical function, and substrate metabolism occur with advancing age. These changes may be attenuated by exercise. This study examined whether twenty eight, previously sedentary...

    Authors: Lawrence D Hayes, Fergal M Grace, Nick Sculthorpe, Peter Herbert, John WT Ratcliffe, Liam P Kilduff and Julien S Baker
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:18
  19. The expression and regulation of intestinal oligopeptide transporter (PepT)-1 when vegetable sources are used as a substitute for fish meal in the diet of marine fish has not yet been explored. In the present ...

    Authors: Genciana Terova, Lidia Robaina, Marisol Izquierdo, AnnaGiulia Cattaneo, Silvia Molinari, Giovanni Bernardini and Marco Saroglia
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:17
  20. Health disparities in cancer mortality for racial/ethnic minorities is a public health concern. Financial barriers are the major factors preventing cancer patients from accessing treatment in a timely manner. ...

    Authors: Diana Peacher, Helen Palomino, Eunjeong Ko and Susan I Woodruff
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:15
  21. A fusion protein comprising a cell penetrating and immunostimulatory peptide corresponding to residues 32 to 51 of the Limulus polyphemus protein linked to human papillomavirus (HPV)-16 E7 antigen (LALF32-51-E7) ...

    Authors: Milaid Granadillo, Aileen Batte, Victoria M Lugo, Alexis Musacchio, Mónica Bequet-Romero, Lázaro Betancourt, Vladimir Besada, Luis Javier, Raychel Molina, Viviana Falcón and Isis Torrens
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:12
  22. In an attempt to screen out cellulase producing bacteria from herbivorous animal fecal matter it was possible to isolate a potent bacterium from cow dung. The bacterium was identified as Bacillus sp. using 16S rD...

    Authors: Sangrila Sadhu, Pradipta Saha, Sukanta K Sen, Shanmugam Mayilraj and Tushar Kanti Maiti
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:10
  23. Wood products are highly exposed to infestation by powder post beetles. Dinoderus minutus (bamboo borer) is a wood boring beetle that seriously damage dried bamboo and finished bamboo products. Management of D. m...

    Authors: Ahmad R Norhisham, Faizah Abood, Muhamad Rita and Khalid Rehman Hakeem
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:9
  24. This study was conducted to characterize and explore the endophytic fungi of selected plants from the Western Himalayas for their bioactive potential. A total of 72 strains of endophytic fungi were isolated an...

    Authors: Masroor Qadri, Sarojini Johri, Bhahwal A Shah, Anamika Khajuria, Tabasum Sidiq, Surrinder K Lattoo, Malik Z Abdin and Syed Riyaz-Ul-Hassan
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:8
  25. Eighty four halotolerant bacterial strains were isolated from the saline habitats and screened for growth at different NaCl concentrations. All grew well at 5% NaCl, but only 25% isolates showed growth at 20% ...

    Authors: Dhanushkodi Ramadoss, Vithal K Lakkineni, Pranita Bose, Sajad Ali and Kannepalli Annapurna
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:6
  26. Optimal care for breast cancer patients undergoing aromatase inhibitor (AI) treatment is ensured when estradiol (E2) levels are adequately suppressed. To assess treatment efficacy accurately, it is important to m...

    Authors: Jenny Jaque, Heather Macdonald, Doerthe Brueggmann, Sherfaraz K Patel, Colleen Azen, Nigel Clarke and Frank Z Stanczyk
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:5
  27. Cluster headache is a primary headache by definition not caused by any known underlying structural pathology. However, symptomatic cases have been described, e.g. tumours, particularly pituitary adenomas, malf...

    Authors: Bengt Edvardsson and Staffan Persson
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:4
  28. Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is characterized by an apparent geographical distribution in incidence, being more common in North Africa than other parts of the world. Despite the rapid growth of immigrants ...

    Authors: Kelly A Hirko, Amr S Soliman, Mousumi Banerjee, Julie Ruterbusch, Joe B Harford, Robert M Chamberlain, John J Graff, Sofia D Merajver and Kendra Schwartz
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:3
  29. Recent research of blind mole rats of the species complex Nannospalax (superspecies leucodon) identified a small and fragmented population of these rodents on both sides of the Hungarian-Serbian border. Cytogenet...

    Authors: Attila Németh, György Krnács, Virág Krizsik, Tamás Révay, Dávid Czabán, Nikola Stojnić, János Farkas and Gábor Csorba
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:2
  30. This study evaluated the suitability of flaxseed oil as a source of supplemental dietary lipid for fingerlings of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Triplicate groups of the 30 fingerlings held under identical ...

    Authors: Ali Masiha, Nasrollah Mahboobi Soofiani, Eisa Ebrahimi, Mahdi Kadivar and Mohammad Reza Karimi
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:1
  31. Application of biochar alters availability of nutrients and acidic cations in soils which in turn could affect growth of plant to different degrees. Effect of rubber wood biochar amendment on the growth and nu...

    Authors: Randombage Saman Dharmakeerthi, Jayalath Arachchige Sarath Chandrasiri and Vishani Udayanga Edirimanne
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:84
  32. With the discovery of the BRCA1 gene and other genetic mutations associated with breast cancer, it has been established that hereditary mutations account for up to 5% of patients presenting with breast cancer.

    Authors: Lawal AbdulRazzaq Oluwagbemiga, Atoyebi Oluwole and Adesunkanmi AbdulRasheed Kayode
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:83

    The Erratum to this article has been published in SpringerPlus 2015 4:340

  33. Efforts were made to utilize the waste/by-product of two agro-process industries namely pressmud from sugar processing industries and spent yeast from distilleries manufacturing ethanol from cane molasses, for...

    Authors: Rahul Kumar and Balakrishnan Kesavapillai
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:81
  34. There are various methods for detection of Helicobacter pylori and the gold standard for non-invasive detection is the urea breath test (UBT). The aim of the study is therefore to detect H. pylori from the stool ...

    Authors: Stella I Smith, Muinah A Fowora, Olufunmilayo A Lesi, Elizabeth Agbebaku, Peter Odeigah, Fatimah B Abdulkareem, Charles A Onyekwere, Chimere A Agomo and Monica Contreras
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:78
  35. Bovine tuberculosis is an important infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium bovis, which is responsible for considerable economic losses. This disease constitutes a serious public health problem. Control progr...

    Authors: Ingrid IF Souza, Elaine SP Melo, Carlos AN Ramos, Thaís A Farias, Ana Luiza AR Osório, Klaudia SG Jorge, Carlos ES Vidal, Altino S Silva, Márcio R Silva, Aiesca O Pellegrin and Flábio R Araújo
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:77
  36. Cow dung, a cheap and easily available source of energy, was used as the substrate for the production of alkaline protease by solid-state fermentation using the Bacillus subtilis strain VV. In order to achieve th...

    Authors: Ponnuswamy Vijayaraghavan, Aija Vijayan, Arumugaperumal Arun, John Kennady Jenisha and Samuel Gnana Prakash Vincent
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:76
  37. Mammographic density (MD) is a strong risk factor for breast cancer and may represent a useful intermediate marker for breast cancer risk. Physical activity (PA) is known to be associated with a reduced risk o...

    Authors: Samera Azeem Qureshi, Merete Ellingjord-Dale, Solveig Hofvind, Anna H Wu and Giske Ursin
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:75
  38. To engineer trehalose metabolism in sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrids) two transgenes were introduced to the genome: trehalose-6-phosphate synthase- phosphatase (TPSP), to increase trehalose biosynthesis and an R...

    Authors: Brian P O’Neill, Matthew P Purnell, Lars K Nielsen and Stevens M Brumbley
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2012 1:74