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Earth and Environmental Sciences

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  1. Content type: Short report

    This study investigates platinum group elements (PGEs) in the breathable (PM10) and respirable (PM2.5) fractions of air particulates from a heavily polluted Indian metro city. The samples were collected from traf...

    Authors: Huey Ting Diong, Reshmi Das, Bahareh Khezri, Bijayen Srivastava, Xianfeng Wang, Pradip K. Sikdar and Richard D. Webster

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1242

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  2. Content type: Research

    An incubation study was conducted to test the effects of phosphorus (P) addition on nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from the soils taken from two tropical rain forests established on different parent materials [me...

    Authors: Taiki Mori, Daiki Yokoyama and Kanehiro Kitayama

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1237

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  3. Content type: Research

    This study evaluated the distribution of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in 39 surface sediment samples and four cores collected in Toulon Bay, a semiclosed area submitted to various anthropogenic inputs. The...

    Authors: Emmanuel Wafo, Lydia Abou, Alain Nicolay, Pierre Boissery, Thierry Perez, Rose Ngono Abondo, Cédric Garnier, Mama Chacha and Henri Portugal

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1230

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  4. Content type: Research

    Leaf shrinkage provides insights into the potential variation of foliar SVR, within the same species, when leaf moisture content is changing in response to water deficit. Since SVR is among the most significan...

    Authors: Salaheddine Essaghi, M’hamed Hachmi, Mohammed Yessef and Mohammed Dehhaoui

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1229

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  5. Content type: Research

    Increasing food production to feed its rapidly growing population is a major policy goal of Pakistan. The production of traditional staples such as rice (Oryza sativa L.) and bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) h...

    Authors: Ghayoor Fatima, Iqrar Ahmad Khan and Andreas Buerkert

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1222

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  6. Content type: Research

    An approach to predict fire growth in an operational setting, with the potential to be used as a decision-support tool for fire management, is described and evaluated. The operational use of fire behaviour mod...

    Authors: Renata M.S. Pinto, Akli Benali, Ana C. L. Sá, Paulo M. Fernandes, Pedro M. M. Soares, Rita M. Cardoso, Ricardo M. Trigo and José M. C. Pereira

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1205

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  7. Content type: Research

    Enterococci are normal commensals of human gut, but vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are a severe threat to human health. Antimicrobial-resistant enterococci have been reported previously from Indian sur...

    Authors: Pushpa Lata, Siya Ram and Rishi Shanker

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1199

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  8. Content type: Research

    Liao River basin in Jilin Province is the place of origin of the Dongliao River. This study gives a comprehensive analysis of the vegetation coverage in the region and provides a potential theoretical basis fo...

    Authors: Xiao-sheng Lin, Jie Tang, Zhao-yang Li and Hai-yi Li

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1173

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  9. Content type: Research

    Assessing the spatio-temporal variations of surface water quality is important for water environment management. In this study, surface water samples are collected from 2008 to 2015 at 17 stations in the Ying...

    Authors: Jianfeng Liu, Xiang Zhang, Jun Xia, Shaofei Wu, Dunxian She and Lei Zou

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1171

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  10. Content type: Research

    The goal of this research is to investigate the feasibility of using activated coal-based activated carbon (CBAC) to adsorb Pb(II) from aqueous solutions through batch tests. Effects of contact time, pH, tempe...

    Authors: Zhengji Yi, Jun Yao, Mijia Zhu, Huilun Chen, Fei Wang and Xing Liu

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1160

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  11. Content type: Research

    This paper demonstrates how crop diversification impacts on two outcomes of climate smart agriculture; increased productivity (legume and cereal crop productivity) and enhanced resilience (household income, fo...

    Authors: Clifton Makate, Rongchang Wang, Marshall Makate and Nelson Mango

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1135

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  12. Content type: Research

    The present study endeavors to investigate the attitudes, opinions and perceptions of livestock farmers regarding the main problems they face and confine the development of livestock in the Greek region of Evr...

    Authors: Stamatis Aggelopoulos, Christos Karelakis, Georgios Tsantopoulos, Alexandra Pavloudi and Paschalis Seitanis

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1134

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  13. Content type: Research

    The soil bacterial diversity is one of the most important indicators to evaluate the effect of phytoremediation. In this study, the technologies of Sequence-Related Amplified Polymorphism (SRAP) and 16S rRNA g...

    Authors: Shenghong Liu, Wen Liu, Miaoxian Yang, Lingyan Zhou and Hong Liang

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1131

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  14. Content type: Research

    Steroids are classified as endocrine disrupting chemicals; they are persistent with low biodegradability and are hardly degraded by conventional methods. Ozonation process has been effective for steroids degra...

    Authors: Alberto López-López, Valentín Flores-Payán, Elizabeth León-Becerril, Leonel Hernández-Mena and Ramiro Vallejo-Rodríguez

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1105

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  15. Content type: Research

    This work aimed at characterizing 12 isolates of the genus Tuber including Tuber melanosporum (11 isolates) and Tuber brumale (one isolate). This was done using internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences, confir...

    Authors: Christine Le Roux, Estelle Tournier, Adrien Lies, Hervé Sanguin, Gérard Chevalier, Robin Duponnois, Daniel Mousain and Yves Prin

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1085

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  16. Content type: Research

    Tetracyclines (TCs) are the most widely used antibiotics in the world. Because antibiotics have low bioavailability and are difficult to completely remove using current sewage treatment facilities, residual TC...

    Authors: Xingyu Tong, Manfei Mao, Jingqian Xie, Kefeng Zhang and Dongmei Xu

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1073

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  17. Content type: Research

    To investigate the effect of environmental factors such as light and shade on essential oil yield and morphological traits of Moroccan Myrtus communis, a chemometric study was conducted on 20 individuals growing ...

    Authors: Mouhcine Fadil, Abdellah Farah, Bouchaib Ihssane, Taoufik Haloui, Sara Lebrazi, Badreddine Zghari and Saâd Rachiq

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1062

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  18. Content type: Research

    Deep saline aquifers widely distributed deep in the earth offer the greatest CO2 storage potential in all current geological CO2 storage approaches. The western region of the Saharan platform in Algeria includes ...

    Authors: Abdelouahab Aktouf and Abdelhakim Bentellis

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1038

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  19. Content type: Research

    Improving the understanding of climate change awareness is one of the top priorities in climate change research. While the African continent is among the regions with the highest vulnerability to climate chang...

    Authors: Chadwick O. Ajuang, Paul O. Abuom, Esna K. Bosire, Gabriel O. Dida and Douglas N. Anyona

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1015

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  20. Content type: Review

    Vinasses are a residual liquid generated after the production of beverages, such as mezcal and tequila, from agave (Agave L.), sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) or sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.). These effluent...

    Authors: R. G. Moran-Salazar, A. L. Sanchez-Lizarraga, J. Rodriguez-Campos, G. Davila-Vazquez, E. N. Marino-Marmolejo, L. Dendooven and S. M. Contreras-Ramos

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1007

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  21. Content type: Research

    Four spatial estimation techniques available in commercial computational packages are evaluated and compared, namely: regularized splines interpolation, tension splines interpolation, inverse distance weighted...

    Authors: Ricardo Magdaleno-Márquez, María de la Luz Pérez-Rea and Víctor M. Castaño

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:918

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  22. Content type: Case study

    This paper applied the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation (FCE) technique and analytic hierarchy process (AHP) procedure to evaluate the wastewater treatment for enterprises. Based on the characteristics of wastew...

    Authors: Wei Hu, Guangbing Liu and Yong Tu

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:907

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  23. Content type: Research

    Residues of organochlorine pesticides were determined in soils and drinking water sources in cocoa growing areas in Ghana. Soil samples analysed showed the presence of four organochlorine pesticide residues na...

    Authors: Benedicta Y. Fosu-Mensah, Elvis D. Okoffo, Godfred Darko and Christopher Gordon

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:869

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  24. Content type: Research

    Fish is a vital food for humans and many animals. We report an environmental monitoring study to assess the trace metals in fish species caught from Arabian Sea and commercially available in the coastal city K...

    Authors: Kousar Yasmeen, Muhammad Aslam Mirza, Namra A. Khan, Nazish Kausar, Atta-ur Rehman and Muddasir Hanif

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:859

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  25. Content type: Research

    Rain-fed agriculture remains the source of employment for a majority of Ghana’s population, particularly in northern Ghana where annual rainfall is low. The purpose of this study is to examine farmers’ percept...

    Authors: Andrew Manoba Limantol, Bruce Edward Keith, Bismark Atiayure Azabre and Bernd Lennartz

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:830

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  26. Content type: Research

    Eight strains isolated from the stems of Lippia sidoides were identified as belonging to Lactococcus lactis, a bacterial species considered as “generally recognized as safe”. Their capacity to solubilize/minerali...

    Authors: Jackeline Rossetti Mateus de Lacerda, Thais Freitas da Silva, Renata Estebanez Vollú, Joana Montezano Marques and Lucy Seldin

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:828

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  27. Content type: Research

    In situ biofilm sampling is a key step for the study of natural biofilms and using methodologies that reflect natural diversity is necessary to guarantee representative sampling. Here, we focalise on the impac...

    Authors: Jennifer Hellal, Caroline Michel, Vanessa Barsotti, Valérie Laperche, Francis Garrido and Catherine Joulian

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:822

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  28. Content type: Research

    One of the detailed and useful ways to develop land use classification maps is use of geospatial techniques such as remote sensing and Geographic Information System (GIS). It vastly improves the selection of a...

    Authors: Zahra Hassan, Rabia Shabbir, Sheikh Saeed Ahmad, Amir Haider Malik, Neelam Aziz, Amna Butt and Summra Erum

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:812

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  29. Content type: Research

    Climate change is a global and local challenge to both sustainable livelihoods and economic development. Tanzania as other countries of the world has been affected. Several studies have been conducted on farme...

    Authors: Chelestino Balama, Suzana Augustino, Siri Eriksen and Fortunatus B. S. Makonda

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:792

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  30. Content type: Research

    Green tides have occurred in the Yellow Sea, China, every year from 2007 to 2015. The free-floating Ulva prolifera (Müller) J. Agardh was the causative macroalgal species. The co-occurring, attached U. intestinal...

    Authors: Ying Wang, Tongfei Qu, Xinyu Zhao, Xianghai Tang, Hui Xiao and Xuexi Tang

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:775

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  31. Content type: Methodology

    Freshwater systems provide various resources and services. These are often vulnerable to climate change and other pressures. Therefore, enhancing resilience to climate change is important for their long term v...

    Authors: J. A. Wardekker, D. Wildschut, S. Stemberger and J. P. van der Sluijs

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:750

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