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  1. The importance of quality assurance in the software development process cannot be overemphasized because its adoption results in high reliability and easy maintenance of the software system and other software ...

    Authors: Olaperi Yeside Sowunmi, Sanjay Misra, Luis Fernandez-Sanz, Broderick Crawford and Ricardo Soto
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1921
  2. Salvia miltiorrhiza (Danshen) is one of the most widely used medicinal herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. Locality-level and cultivar identification is of great importance not only...

    Authors: Hongtao Wang, Na Hao, Lei Chen and Guisheng Li
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1919
  3. Safety of heparin bridging therapy for transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate (TRUS) biopsy in patients requiring temporary discontinuation of antithrombotic therapy is unknown. This study aimed to assess the ...

    Authors: Itsuto Hamano, Shingo Hatakeyama, Tohru Yoneyama, Yuki Tobisawa, Osamu Soma, Teppei Matsumoto, Hayato Yamamoto, Atsushi Imai, Takahiro Yoneyama, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Takuya Koie and Chikara Ohyama
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1917
  4. Although eco-labels were introduced with the intention of encouraging eco-friendly purchasing behavior by consumers, they have had little effect on consumers’ purchasing decisions, and therefore a significant ...

    Authors: Jung-Ah Hwang, Youkyoung Park and Yeonbae Kim
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1915
  5. This study aimed to investigate the alteration of Neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the hypothalamus and its correlation with insulin, leptin and ghrelin during the development of a rat model of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

    Authors: Qing-jiu Zhang, Chang-chun Yang, Song-yun Zhang, Li-hui Zhang and Jie Li
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1913
  6. A total of 150 bread wheat genotypes representing 121 Indian and 29 Turkish origin were screened for nutrient concentrations and grain protein content. Elemental and grain protein composition were studied by ...

    Authors: Anamika Pandey, Mohd Kamran Khan, Erdogan E. Hakki, George Thomas, Mehmet Hamurcu, Sait Gezgin, Ozge Gizlenci and Mahinur S. Akkaya
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1912
  7. Computer science and mathematical theories are combined to analyze the complex interactions among genes, which are simplified to a network to establish a theoretical model for the analysis of the structure, mo...

    Authors: Longlong Liu, Tingting Zhao, Meng Ma and Yan Wang
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1911
  8. The development of high-tech industry has been prosperous around the world in past decades, while technology and finance have already become the most significant issues in the information era. While high-tech ...

    Authors: Ching-Sung Wu, Kuang-Hua Hu and Fu-Hsiang Chen
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1910
  9. The reported survival rates of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) caused by human adenovirus (HAdV) pneumonia are poor. The results do not differ much in immunocompetent patients supporte...

    Authors: Sang Ook Ha, Hyoung Soo Kim, Sunghoon Park, Ki-Suck Jung, Seung Hun Jang, Sang Jin Han, Hyun-Sook Kim and Sun Hee Lee
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1909
  10. BaHfO3 (BHO) has been proposed as a new cap layer material for YBa2Cu3O7−δ (YBCO) coated conductors. Highly c-axis oriented BHO cap layer has been deposited on ion-beam assisted deposition-MgO buffered Hastelloy ...

    Authors: Jiahui Zheng, Feng Fan, Xiangfa Yan, Yuming Lu, Yu Liang, Chuanyi Bai, Zhiyong Liu, Yanqun Guo and Chuanbing Cai
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1908
  11. It has been suggested that an inadequate blood supply caused by uterine fibroids may lead to decreasing fertility. Therefore, a quantitative evaluation of blood flow in the uterus might be a good tool for infe...

    Authors: Nozomi Takahashi, Osamu Yoshino, Osamu Hiraike, Eriko Maeda, Masanobu Nakamura, Masaaki Hori, Miyuki Harada, Kaori Koga, Shigeru Saito, Tomoyuki Fujii and Yutaka Osuga
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1907
  12. This study was carried out to evaluate the quality of the three edible tissues (muscles, hepatopancreas and gonads) of the male and female Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) in natural harvest season, base...

    Authors: Xiaozhen Yang, Jinbiao Zhang and Yongxu Cheng
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1906
  13. To conduct a retrospective, single institutional and comparative study for radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP), high dose rate brachytherapy (HDRBT), cryoablation and high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU...

    Authors: Po Hui Chiang and Yi Yang Liu
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1905
  14. Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is secreted from bone and suppresses the absorption of phosphorus in renal proximal tubule and in intestinal tract. Therefore, the increase of serum FGF23 levels leads to hy...

    Authors: Fuminori Tatsumi, Megumi Horiya, Akihito Tanabe, Momoyo Nishioka, Yoshiro Fushimi, Junpei Sanada, Yurie Hirata, Shintaro Irie, Tomoe Kinoshita, Shinji Kamei, Masashi Shimoda, Tomoatsu Mune, Kohei Kaku and Hideaki Kaneto
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1904
  15. Large amounts of coffee residues are generated from coffee processing plants in Ethiopia. These residues are toxic and possess serious environmental problems following the direct discharge into the nearby wate...

    Authors: Asrat Gebremariam Woldesenbet, Belay Woldeyes and Bhagwan Singh Chandravanshi
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1903
  16. For skin defects caused by full-thickness burns, trauma, or tumor tissue excision, skin grafting is one of the most convenient and useful treatment methods. In this situation, graft fixation is important in sk...

    Authors: Hyun Ho Han, Daiwon Jun, Suk-Ho Moon, In Sook Kang and Min Cheol Kim
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1902
  17. Adipose tissue products may contribute to endometrial cancer (EC) initiation and further growth that encourages the analysis of this issue in patients with different obesity phenotypes.

    Authors: Lev M. Berstein, Aglaya G. Iyevleva, Marina S. Mukhina, Dmitry A. Vasilyev and Tatyana E. Poroshina
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1900
  18. The high mortality rate in Bangladesh is related to poverty, which results in protein malnutrition, essential fatty acid deficiency and lacks in adequate vitamins, minerals and calorie. Exploring new food item...

    Authors: Shahdat Hossain, Rashed Ahmed, Sujan Bhowmick, Abdullah Al Mamun and Michio Hashimoto
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1899
  19. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA sequence data from thousands of samples are present in the public sequence databases. No publicly available, up-to-date, multiple sequence alignments, containing full-length and su...

    Authors: Trevor G. Bell, Mukhlid Yousif and Anna Kramvis
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1896
  20. Thalassemia Major is a preventable genetic disorder characterized by abnormal hemoglobin synthesis and lifelong blood transfusions. The children suffering from Thalassemia Major have poor quality of life. This...

    Authors: Nonita Dhirar, Jyoti Khandekar, Damodar Bachani and Deonath Mahto
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1895
  21. Plant mitochondrial (mt) genomes possess several complex features, including a variable size, a dynamic genome structure, and complicated patterns of gene loss and gain throughout evolutionary history. Studies...

    Authors: Suyun Wei, Xuelin Wang, Changwei Bi, Yiqing Xu, Dongyang Wu and Ning Ye
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1894
  22. To investigate the permeability of β-NGF through blood–brain-barrier (BBB) in neonatal and adult rats, and the spatial distribution of β-NGF in different brain regions in hypoxic-ischemic (HI) and normal neona...

    Authors: Wenli Zhou, Jiantao Zhang, Guangming Wang, Limian Ling and Chaoying Yan
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1893
  23. We evaluated the different climatic factors in urban and rural areas that may affect the incidence of urolithiasis. Nationwide data on urolithiasis were acquired from Health Insurance Review and Assessment Ser...

    Authors: Se Young Choi, Seo Yeon Lee, Byung Hoon Chi, Jin Wook Kim, Tae-Hyoung Kim and In Ho Chang
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1891
  24. Citizen science and crowdsourcing have been emerging as methods to collect data for surveillance and/or monitoring activities. They could be gathered under the overarching term citizen surveillance. The discipli...

    Authors: Marijke Welvaert and Peter Caley
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1890
  25. The platelet–lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio (NLR) have been reported as prognostic factors in various cancers, but their roles in metastatic renal cell cancer (mRCC) remain unclear. We ...

    Authors: Tae Ju Park, Yang Hyun Cho, Ho Seok Chung, Eu Chang Hwang, Sung-Hoon Jung, Jun Eul Hwang, Woo Kyun Bae, Jin Woong Kim, Suk Hee Heo, Young Hoe Hur, Seung Il Jung and Dong Deuk Kwon
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1889
  26. Poverty is a global problem. The war against poverty requires not only financial support, but also poverty-related research to pinpoint areas of high need of intervention. In line with international efforts to...

    Authors: Waleed M. Sweileh, Samah W. Al-Jabi, Ansam F. Sawalha, Adham S. AbuTaha and Sa’ed H. Zyoud
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1888
  27. Enhancement of functional ambulation is a key goal of rehabilitation for children with cerebral palsy (CP) who experience gross motor impairment. Physiotherapy (PT) approaches often involve overground and trea...

    Authors: Alicia J. Hilderley, Darcy Fehlings, Gloria W. Lee and F. Virginia Wright
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1886
  28. A study on a population of pigeons on the University of South Africa’s Muckleneuk campus was conducted over 2 years. Counts were conducted during a baseline year (March 2013–February 2014) to establish the pig...

    Authors: E. Harris, E. P. de Crom, J. Labuschagne and A. Wilson
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1884
  29. Seven strains of bacteria [Pseudomonas plecoglossicida SRI-156, Brevibacterium antiquum SRI-158, Bacillus altitudinis SRI-178, Enterobacter ludwigii SRI-211, E. ludwigii SRI-229, Acinetobacter tandoii SRI-305 and...

    Authors: Subramaniam Gopalakrishnan, Srinivas Vadlamudi, Srinivasan Samineni and C. V. Sameer Kumar
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1882
  30. Patient-reported scoring systems have recently been used after surgical procedures. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the patient-reported outcomes of femoral osteotomy and total hip arthro...

    Authors: Yusuke Kubo, Takuaki Yamamoto, Goro Motomura, Kazuyuki Karasuyama, Kazuhiko Sonoda and Yukihide Iwamoto
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1880
  31. This study examined smoking-related knowledge, sources of smoking-related knowledge and its influencing factor among male urban secondary school students.

    Authors: Xianglong Xu, Cheng Chen, Abu S. Abdullah, Manoj Sharma, Hengyi Liu and Yong Zhao
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1879
  32. Leakage of underwater crude oil pipes causes severe pollution to soil and water, and results in great economic loss. To predict the diffusion area of spilled oil before it reaches the water’s surface and to re...

    Authors: Liqiong Chen, Qi Liu, Yunyun Li, Rui Lu, Shijuan Wu, Xin Li and Tao Hou
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1875
  33. During oxaliplatin chemotherapy administration via a peripheral vein, vascular pain requires changing of the intravenous infusion route on occasion. Vascular pain induced by anticancer drugs reduces the rate o...

    Authors: Yoichiro Yoshida, Ai Mogi, Naoya Aisu, Teppei Yamada, Taisuke Matsuoka, Daibo Kojima, Toshiyuki Mera, Tomoko Koganemaru, Fumiaki Kiyomi, Keita Noda, Yasushi Takamatsu, Kazuo Tamura, Yuichi Yamashita and Suguru Hasegawa
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1872