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  1. Research

    Permutation transformations of tensors with an application

    The permutation transformation of tensors is introduced and its basic properties are discussed. The invariance under permutation transformations is studied for some important structure tensors such as symmetri...

    Yao-Tang Li, Zheng-Bo Li, Qi-Long Liu and Qiong Liu

    SpringerPlus 2016 5:2023

    Published on: 28 November 2016

  2. Research

    Impact of nickel mining in New Caledonia assessed by compositional data analysis of lichens

    The aim of this study is to explore the use of lichens as biomonitors of the impact of nickel mining and ore treatment on the atmosphere in the New Caledonian archipelago (South Pacific Ocean); both activities...

    Camille Pasquet, Pauline Le Monier, Fabrice Monna, Christophe Durlet, Benjamin Brigaud, Rémi Losno, Carmela Chateau, Christine Laporte-Magoni and Peggy Gunkel-Grillon

    SpringerPlus 2016 5:2022

    Published on: 28 November 2016

  3. Research

    A mixed-method study of the efficacy of physical activity consultation as an adjunct to standard smoking cessation treatment among male smokers in Malaysia

    This study examined the effectiveness of using Physical Activity Consultation (PAC) as an addition to the standard smoking cessation treatment in Malaysia. We explored participants’ experiences in terms of ph...

    Yuin Yi Lee, Selina Khoo, Tony Morris, Clare Hanlon, Lei-Hum Wee, Eng Wah Teo and Yuhanis Adnan

    SpringerPlus 2016 5:2012

    Published on: 25 November 2016

  4. Research

    Urdu Nasta’liq text recognition using implicit segmentation based on multi-dimensional long short term memory neural networks

    The recognition of Arabic script and its derivatives such as Urdu, Persian, Pashto etc. is a difficult task due to complexity of this script. Particularly, Urdu text recognition is more difficult due to its Na...

    Saeeda Naz, Arif Iqbal Umar, Riaz Ahmed, Muhammad Imran Razzak, Sheikh Faisal Rashid and Faisal Shafait

    SpringerPlus 2016 5:2010

    Published on: 25 November 2016

  5. Research

    BLAS3 optimization for the Godson-3B1500

    This paper proposes a performance model for general matrix multiplication (GEMM) on decoupled access/execute (DAE) architecture platforms, in order to guide improvements of the GEMM performance in the Godson-3...

    Ming Zhang, Naijie Gu and Kaixin Ren

    SpringerPlus 2016 5:2014

    Published on: 25 November 2016

  6. Case Study

    Autologous platelet lysates local injections for treatment of tibia non-union with breakage of the nickelclad: a case report

    Nonunions of the tibia represent challenging orthopedic problems, which require the surgeon to analyze numerous factors and choose an appropriate treatment. This article presents a case report of tibia and fib...

    Hong-jiang Jiang, Xun-xiang Tan, Hai-yang Ju, Jin-ping Su, Wei Yan, Xiu-gang Song, Li-wu Qin, Chang-jun Ju, Ling-shuang Wang and De-bao Zou

    SpringerPlus 2016 5:2013

    Published on: 25 November 2016

  7. Methodology

    Empirical mode decomposition with missing values

    This paper considers an improvement of empirical mode decomposition (EMD) in the presence of missing data. EMD has been widely used to decompose nonlinear and nonstationary signals into some components accord...

    Donghoh Kim and Hee-Seok Oh

    SpringerPlus 2016 5:2016

    Published on: 25 November 2016

  8. Research

    Heterophonic speech recognition using composite phones

    Heterophones pose challenges during training of automatic speech recognition (ASR) systems because they involve ambiguity in the pronunciation of an orthographic representation of a word. Heterophones are wor...

    Ashraf Alkhairy and Afshan Jafri

    SpringerPlus 2016 5:2008

    Published on: 24 November 2016

  9. Case study

    Deformity correction and extremity lengthening in the lower leg: comparison of clinical outcomes with two external surgical procedures

    Distraction osteogenesis is a method of stimulating the growth of new bone tissue in order to lengthen the extremities or bridge resected bone defects. In addition to the now-established intramedullary proced...

    Eugen Reitenbach, Robert Rödl, Georg Gosheger, Björn Vogt and Frank Schiedel

    SpringerPlus 2016 5:2003

    Published on: 24 November 2016

  10. Research

    Software project management tools in global software development: a systematic mapping study

    Global software development (GSD) which is a growing trend in the software industry is characterized by a highly distributed environment. Performing software project management (SPM) in such conditions implies...

    Saad Yasser Chadli, Ali Idri, Joaquín Nicolás Ros, José Luis Fernández-Alemán, Juan M. Carrillo de Gea and Ambrosio Toval

    SpringerPlus 2016 5:2006

    Published on: 24 November 2016

  11. Research

    Manifold regularization for sparse unmixing of hyperspectral images

    Recently, sparse unmixing has been successfully applied to spectral mixture analysis of remotely sensed hyperspectral images. Based on the assumption that the observed image signatures can be expressed in the fo...

    Junmin Liu, Chunxia Zhang, Jiangshe Zhang, Huirong Li and Yuelin Gao

    SpringerPlus 2016 5:2007

    Published on: 24 November 2016

  12. Research

    Efficient regeneration system from rye leaf base segments

    Rye is second only to wheat among grains most widely used in the making of bread and is also a very important gene resource for breeding and improvement of wheat and other cereal crops owing to tolerance to ab...

    Kamil Haliloglu and Murat Aydin

    SpringerPlus 2016 5:2005

    Published on: 24 November 2016

  13. Short report

    Reaction of hydroxyl-quinoline with pentafluoropyridin

    Reaction of pentafluoropyridine with 2 or 8-hydroxyl-quinoline under basic conditions in acetonitrile gives 4-oxy quinoline 2,3,5,6-tetrafluoropyridine derivatives in good yields. All the compounds were charac...

    Khalil Beyki, Malek Taher Maghsoodlou and Reza Heydari

    SpringerPlus 2016 5:1996

    Published on: 22 November 2016

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