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  1. Some of the low level radioactive wastes from reprocessing of spent nuclear fuels contain nitrates. Nitrates can be present in the form of soluble salts and can be reduced by various reactions. Among them, red...

    Authors: Kaoru Masuda, Hiroshi Murakami, Yoshitaka Kurimoto, Osamu Kato, Ko Kato and Akira Honda
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:339
  2. Reptiles have achieved highly diverse morphological and physiological traits that allow them to exploit various ecological niches and resources. Morphology of the temporal region of the reptilian skull is high...

    Authors: Masayoshi Tokita, Win Chaeychomsri and Jindawan Siruntawineti
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:336
  3. A novel facultative psychrotroph (strain CBS-1), which accumulates poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB), was isolated from soil samples taken from Changbai Mountain, China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA sequ...

    Authors: Rongpeng Li, Yuji Jiang, Xinfeng Wang, Jingjing Yang, Yuan Gao, Xiaoli Zi, Xia Zhang, Haofeng Gao and Nan Hu
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:335
  4. Bank liquidity management has become a major issue during the financial crisis as liquidity shortages have intensified and have put pressure on banks to diversity and improve their liquidity sources.

    Authors: Julia García Cabello
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:334
  5. Translation, cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the DYMUS questionnaire for the assessment of dysphagia in multiple sclerosis. The original English version of the DYMUS was translated using the forwar...

    Authors: Déborah S Sales, Regina MP Alvarenga, Claudia CF Vasconcelos, Roberta G Silva and Luiz CS Thuler
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:332
  6. Geometry of the proximal femur is one determinant of fracture risk, and can be analyzed by a simple method using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The aim of the present study was to investigate the accu...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Ohnaru, Teruki Sone, Kensuke Tanaka, Kazumi Akagi, Yong-In Ju, Hak-Jin Choi, Tatsushi Tomomitsu and Masao Fukunaga
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:331
  7. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) is a common cause of bone and joint infection. BT2-peg2-vancomycin is an investigational bone-targeted formulation of vancomycin which we hypothesized would have increased a...

    Authors: Melissa J Karau, Suzannah M Schmidt-Malan, Kerryl E Greenwood-Quaintance, Jayawant Mandrekar, Jian Cai, William M Pierce Jr, Kevyn Merten and Robin Patel
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:329
  8. Hek-293 cell line presents good production platform for recombinant therapeutic proteins, however little is known about the components that contribute to the cellular control of recombinant protein production....

    Authors: Evandra Strazza Rodrigues, Virgínia Picanço-Castro, Marta Regina Espanhol, Luiz Alberto Martins de Andrade, Patricia Vianna Bonini Palma, Simone Kashima, Aparecida Maria Fontes and Dimas Tadeu Covas
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:328
  9. Over the years, (G’/G)–expansion method is employed to generate traveling wave solutions to various wave equations in mathematical physics. In the present paper, the alternative (G’/G)–expansion method has been f...

    Authors: M Ali Akbar, Norhashidah Hj Mohd Ali and Syed Tauseef Mohyud-Din
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:327
  10. The (G'/G)-expansion method is one of the most direct and effective method for obtaining exact solutions of nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs). In the present article, we construct the exact travelin...

    Authors: M Ali Akbar, Norhashidah Hj Mohd Ali and Syed Tauseef Mohyud-Din
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:326
  11. The aims of the study were to investigate the factors associated with not having breast reconstruction following mastectomy and to assess patient satisfaction with information on reconstruction.

    Authors: Delphine Héquet, Kevin Zarca, Sylvie Dolbeault, Benoît Couturaud, Charlotte Ngô, Virgine Fourchotte, Anne De La Rochefordière, Jean-Guillaume Féron, Alfred Fitoussi, Catherine Bélichard, Fabien Reyal, Fatima Laki, David Hajage, Brigitte Sigal, Bernard Asselain and Séverine Alran
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:325
  12. In spite of the large number of reports on fed-batch cultivation of E. coli, alternative cultivation/induction strategies remain to be more deeply exploited. Among these strategies, it could be mentioned the use ...

    Authors: Adilson José da Silva, Antônio Carlos Luperni Horta, Ana Maria Velez, Mônica Rosas C Iemma, Cíntia Regina Sargo, Raquel LC Giordano, Maria Teresa M Novo, Roberto C Giordano and Teresa Cristina Zangirolami
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:322
  13. Patients in acute neurological extremes secondary to refractory intracranial hypertension are challenging because of the complex management options available to them, especially when compounded with signs of b...

    Authors: Hosam Al-Jehani, Mohammad Alkutbi, Mohammad Maleki, Judith Marcoux and Jeanne Teitelbaum
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:319
  14. This paper proposes trial algorithms for some basic components in cryptography and lossless bit compression. The symmetric encryption is accomplished by mixing up randomizations and scrambling with hashing of ...

    Authors: Lipin Bill Cheng and Ren Jye Yeh
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:316
  15. 6% Hydroxyethyl Starch 130/0.4 in 0.9% Sodium Chloride (Voluven®; 6% HES 130/0.4) is a colloid often used for fluid resuscitation in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), despite a lack of safety data f...

    Authors: Shariq A Khan, Owoicho Adogwa, Tong J Gan, Ulysses T Null, Terence Verla, Sankalp Gokhale, William D White, Gavin W Britz, Ali R Zomorodi, Michael L James and David L McDonagh
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:314
  16. Higher plants are ubiquitously colonized with fungal endophytes that often lack readily detectable structures. Current study examines the distribution of endophytic fungal communities within Karanja plants and...

    Authors: Kartikeya Tiwari and Manish Chittora
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:313
  17. Pomacea canaliculata is a freshwater snail that cultured under certain conditions could provide interesting rewards in research and aquaculture. P. canaliculata is usually reared at 25°C, though the optimal temp...

    Authors: María E Seuffert and Pablo R Martín
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:312
  18. Rice is the most important cereal crop in Kenya coming third after maize and wheat. It forms a very important diet for a majority of families in Kenya. The demand for rice in Kenya has seen a dramatic increase...

    Authors: Joseph Kihoro, Njoroge J Bosco, Hunja Murage, Elijah Ateka and Daigo Makihara
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:308
  19. The study provided validity and reliability evidence of the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) in Greek patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).

    Authors: Daphne Bakalidou, Emmanouil K Skordilis, Sotirios Giannopoulos, Elefterios Stamboulis and Konstantinos Voumvourakis
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:304
  20. Different cell/tissue derived extracellular matrix (ECM) display subtle differences that might provide important cues for proliferation and differentiation of cells in vitro or in vivo. However, the bioactivit...

    Authors: Yong Guo, Qiangchen Zeng, Yuxian Yan, Liang Shen, Lu Liu, Ruixin Li, Xizheng Zhang, Jimin Wu, Jing Guan and Shujie Huang
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:303
  21. Since the cancer stem cell concept has been widely accepted, several strategies have been proposed to attack cancer stem cells (CSC). Accordingly, stem cell markers are now preferred therapeutic targets. Howev...

    Authors: Uwe Karsten and Steffen Goletz
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:301
  22. War experiences are associated with the risk of long-term mental health problems. The War-affected Youths (WAYS) Study comprises a cohort of 539 youths (61% male) aged between 18 to 25 (at baseline) randomly s...

    Authors: Kennedy Amone-P’Olak, Peter B Jones, Rosemary Abbott, Richard Meiser-Stedman, Emilio Ovuga and Tim J Croudace
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:300
  23. The aim of this study was to investigate succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) expression in breast cancer according to breast cancer molecular subtype using immunohistochemistry and to assess the clinical implication...

    Authors: Sewha Kim, Do Hee Kim, Woo-Hee Jung and Ja Seung Koo
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:299
  24. Breast-feeding is a known protective factor against breast cancer. Breast-feeding duration is influenced by hormone levels, milk production, and lifestyle factors. The aims were to investigate how breast-feedi...

    Authors: Emma Gustbée, Charlotte Anesten, Andrea Markkula, Maria Simonsson, Carsten Rose, Christian Ingvar and Helena Jernström
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:298
  25. Breast cancer diagnosed during pregnancy poses unique challenges. Application of standard treatment algorithms is limited by lack of level I evidence from randomized trials. This study describes contemporary m...

    Authors: Jane L Meisel, Katherine E Economy, Katherina Zabicki Calvillo, Lydia Schapira, Nadine M Tung, Shari Gelber, Sandra Kereakoglow, Ann H Partridge and Erica L Mayer
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:297
  26. Studies documented that platelet activating factor (PAF) and the enzyme platelet activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAFAH) play a very important role in the pathogenesis of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (...

    Authors: Senthilkumar Sankararaman, Krishna Yanamandra, Dawn Napper, Gloria Caldito and Ramasubbareddy Dhanireddy
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:294
  27. Synchronous adrenalectomy has become dispensable since retrospective studies have demonstrated no survival benefit when preoperative imaging was normal. The aim of this large bi-institutional study was to dete...

    Authors: Inga Peters, Milan Hora, Thomas R Herrmann, Christoph von Klot, Gerd Wegener, Petr Stransky, Ondrej Hes, Markus A Kuczyk and Axel S Merseburger
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:293
  28. The individual and interactive effects of three independent variables i.e. carbon source (glucose), nitrogen source (sodium nitrate) and inducer (ϵ-caprolactam) on nitrilase production from Fusarium proliferatum ...

    Authors: Farnaz Yusuf, Asha Chaubey, Arvind Raina, Urmila Jamwal and Rajinder Parshad
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:290