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  1. To measure awareness about adverse drug reaction (ADRs) reporting among doctors, pharmacists and nurses and to determine reasons of ADRs under-reporting in Pakistan.

    Authors: Sumbul Shamim, Syed Muhammad Sharib, Saima Mahmood Malhi, Sidrat-ul Muntaha, Hassan Raza, Saniya Ata, Ali Salman Farooq and Mehwish Hussain
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1778
  2. As the king of herb plants, ginseng has been used for nearly 5000 years in medicines in Asia and recently in the West. Ginsenosides, the main active constituents in Panax herbs, have prominent immunoregulatory e...

    Authors: Jia Liu, Yang Liu, Long Zhao, Zhong-Hua Zhang and Zhong-Hua Tang
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1770
  3. The present study was aimed to assess the relationship between pain expectation before labour, labour pain and pain perception after the labour. Pregnant women were asked to rate their pain level on a standar...

    Authors: Huseyin Aksoy, Burak Yücel, Ulku Aksoy, Gokhan Acmaz, Turgut Aydin and Mustafa Alparslan Babayigit
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1766
  4. Adverse drug events (ADEs), harmful unintended consequences of medication use, are a leading cause of hospital admissions, yet are rarely documented in a structured format between care providers. We describe p...

    Authors: Adam Chruscicki, Katherin Badke, David Peddie, Serena Small, Ellen Balka and Corinne M. Hohl
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1764
  5. Realistic 3D human model reconstruction is an important component in computer graphics and computer vision. In particular, texturing on the surface of models is a key stage of reconstruction. In this paper, we...

    Authors: Chao Lai, Fangzhao Li and Shiyao Jin
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1763
  6. Increasing evidence suggests that cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a key occurrence in the process of many human cancers. Lung cancer is the most common aggressive malignancy and cause of cancer death worldwide. T...

    Authors: Tao Fan, Wei Wang, Boyou Zhang, Yao Xu, Lei Chen, Shize Pan, Hao Hu and Qing Geng
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1762
  7. Prone position during general anesthesia for special surgical operations may be related with increased airway pressure, decreased pulmonary and thoracic compliance that may be explained by restriction of chest...

    Authors: Oznur Sen, Mefkur Bakan, Tarik Umutoglu, Nurdan Aydın, Mehmet Toptas and Ibrahim Akkoc
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1761
  8. To study the electro-activation of potassium acetate, potassium citrate and calcium lactate aqueous solutions and to evaluate their antimicrobial effect against E. coli O157:H7 at ambient temperature.

    Authors: Viacheslav Liato, Steve Labrie and Mohammed Aïder
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1760
  9. The absence or deficiency of DNA mismatch repair (MMR) activity results in microsatellite instability (MSI) in cancer. The avian leukosis virus (ALV) causes neoplastic disease in chickens. In this study, the s...

    Authors: Da-wei Yao, Li Zhan, Yu-fang Hong, Jian-xin Liu, Jia-rong Xu and De-ji Yang
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1756
  10. The validity and reliability of various items on the GP Patient Survey (GPPS) survey have been reported, however stability of patient responses over time has not been tested. The purpose of this study was to d...

    Authors: Antoinette F. Davey, Martin J. Roberts, Luke Mounce, Inocencio Maramba and John L. Campbell
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1755
  11. The treatment performance and spatial microbial community structure of three parallel denitrifying biological filters (DNBFs) operated with methanol, ethanol and acetate, respectively, were explored. The acet...

    Authors: Yingxue Sun, Dandan Shen, Xiaoli Zhou, Na Shi and Yuan Tian
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1752
  12. Previous studies investigating proximity and collaboration have not clarified personal elements, such as working or communication style. Here, we show that personal proximity—close similarity in terms of perso...

    Authors: Claudia Werker, Ward Ooms and Marjolein C. J. Caniëls
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1751
  13. Red panda (Ailurus fulgens) is threatened across its range by detrimental human activities and rapid habitat changes necessitating captive breeding programs in various zoos globally to save this flagship species...

    Authors: Arun Kumar, Upashna Rai, Bhupen Roka, Alankar K. Jha and P. Anuradha Reddy
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1750
  14. This study determined the pathogenicity of Metarhizium anisopliae strain SD-3 against invasive red palm weevil (RPW), Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier (coleoptera:curculionidae) larvae in Hainan Province, China....

    Authors: Xiaodong Sun, Wei Yan, Jing Zhang, Xiaoqing Niu, Fuheng Li, Weiquan Qin and Guangchang Ma
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1748
  15. This paper looks at both the prepayment risks of housing mortgage loan credit default swaps (LCDS) as well as the fuzziness and hesitation of investors as regards prepayments by borrowers. It further discusses...

    Authors: Liang Wu, Jie-fang Liu, Jun-tao Wang and Ya-ming Zhuang
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1747
  16. Sturge–Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare congenital disease that affects the brain, skin, and eyes, and is a sporadically occurring neurocutaneous syndrome that affects intracerebral veins, which is associated w...

    Authors: Masashi Chonan, Yasuhiro Suzuki, Shinya Haryu, Shoji Mashiyama and Teiji Tominaga
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1746
  17. The natural smoke exhaust system for tall spaces is more advantageous than the mechanical type of exhaust. In Taiwan, the effectiveness of natural smoke exhaust systems is inspected only by checking the vent a...

    Authors: ChungHwei Su, ShiuanCheng Wang, ChiaYuan Shih and YungChang Yang
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1744
  18. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from various foods are important due to their potential to inhibit microorganisms, including drug-resistant bacteria. The objectives of this investigation were to isolate an...

    Authors: Chirom Aarti, Ameer Khusro, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Paul Agastian and Naïf Abdullah Al-Dhabi
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1743
  19. Chryseobacterium indologenes is an uncommon organism that has been documented to cause a variety of invasive infections mostly in hospitalized patients with severe underlying diseases.

    Authors: Serkan Atıcı, Zeynep Alp Ünkar, Kübra Erdem, Eda Kepenekli Kadayifci, Ayşe Karaaslan, Aslı Çınar Memişoğlu, Ahmet Soysal, Nurver Ülger Toprak, Güner Söyletir, Eren Özek and Mustafa Bakır
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1741
  20. There is a scarcity of data available to determine the safety and effectiveness of bariatric surgery in the elderly population. Additionally, there are no studies showing the effect of the single anastomosis d...

    Authors: Hinali Zaveri, Amit Surve, Daniel Cottam, Christina Summerhays, Austin Cottam, Christina Richards, LeGrand Belnap and Walter Medlin
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1740
  21. Bipolar and monopolar transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) are both widely used for surgical treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Systemic absorption of irrigation fluids during TURP operations lea...

    Authors: Meltem Savran Karadeniz, Erdem Bayazit, Omur Aksoy, Emine Aysu Salviz, Tzevat Tefik, Oner Sanli, Mukadder Orhan Sungur and Kamil Mehmet Tugrul
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1739
  22. Paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy is not completely known. Since the sodium channel Nav1.7 has been implicated in pain perception, and is upregulated in pain disorders, we investigated the effect of pac...

    Authors: Yun Xiao, Zhongyuan Xia, Yang Wu and Bo Zhao
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1738
  23. Interstitial lung disease (ILD), which is the most common form of respiratory involvement of Sjȍgren syndrome (SS), is highly associated with postoperative pulmonary complications after surgery. We report the ...

    Authors: Jeong-Min Hong, Eunsoo Kim, Hae-Kyu Kim, Do-Won Lee, Ji-Seok Baik and Ji-Youn Lee
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1737
  24. In the first decade of this century players in the National Football League, the NFL community, fans, even the public at large, became aware that multiple concussions, heretofore considered inconsequential, co...

    Authors: Marshall B. Jones
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1734
  25. To investigate the effect of curcumin on the multivariate and docking analysis on peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-γ, the rats were fed with high fructose diet (Group 2) to induce insulin resistance ...

    Authors: Vasanthi Jayakumar, Shiek S. S. J. Ahmed and Kesavarao Kumar Ebenezar
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1732
  26. A pathogen of giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, was recently recorded in a hatchery in Yogyakarta. The clinical symptom in post-larvae (PL) was a whitish appearance of the muscles in the tail. H...

    Authors: Murwantoko Murwantoko, Arif Bimantara, Roosmanto Roosmanto and Masashi Kawaichi
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1729
  27. In this paper, we have proposed some new upper bounds for the largest Z-eigenvalue of an irreducible weakly symmetric and nonnegative tensor, which improve the known upper bounds obtained in Chang et al. (Line...

    Authors: Jun He, Yan-Min Liu, Hua Ke, Jun-Kang Tian and Xiang Li
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1727
  28. The prevalence of epilepsy is high in Madagascar (23.5/1000), as is the treatment gap (estimated at 92 %). The health system of the country is underfunded; some AEDs are used, and the national drug policy doe...

    Authors: Jeremy Jost, Adeline Raharivelo, Voa Ratsimbazafy, Mandy Nizard, Emilie Auditeau, Charles R. Newton and Pierre-Marie Preux
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1726
  29. Clinical laboratory tests are important for clinicians to make diagnostic decisions, but discrepancies may directly lead to incorrect diagnosis. We would like to introduce some statistical methods to evaluate ...

    Authors: Kun Zhong, Wei Wang, Chuanbao Zhang, Falin He, Shuai Yuan and Zhiguo Wang
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1724
  30. This work presents an analytical solution of some nonlinear delay differential equations (DDEs) with variable delays. Such DDEs are difficult to treat numerically and cannot be solved by existing general purp...

    Authors: Brahim Benhammouda and Hector Vazquez-Leal
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1723
  31. Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1), a newly discovered long intergenic noncoding RNA (lincRNA), has been reported to be aberrantly expressed in various cancers, and may serve as a ...

    Authors: Ping Shuai, Yu Zhou, Bo Gong, Zhilin Jiang, Chong Yang, Hongji Yang, Dingding Zhang and Shikai Zhu
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1721