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  1. The following paper evaluates a watermark algorithm designed for digital images by using a perceptive mask and a normalization process, thus preventing human eye detection, as well as ensuring its robustness a...

    Authors: Sandra L. Gomez Coronel, Boris Escalante Ramírez and Marco A. Acevedo Mosqueda

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1830

    Content type: Methodology

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  2. Intraventricular cavernous angiomas are rare pathological entities, and those located at the foramen of Monro are even rarer. We herein present a case of cavernous angioma at the foramen of Monro that was suc...

    Authors: Yuji Matsumoto, Kazuhiko Kurozumi, Yousuke Shimazu, Tomotsugu Ichikawa and Isao Date

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1820

    Content type: Case study

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  3. Diabetes mellitus patients are at increased risk of developing diabetic foot with peripheral neuropathy, vascular and musculoskeletal complications. Therefore they are prone to develop frequent and often foot...

    Authors: Animesh Hazari, Arun G. Maiya, K. N. Shivashankara, Ioannis Agouris, Ashma Monteiro, Radhika Jadhav, Sampath Kumar, C. G. Shashi Kumar and Shreemathi S. Mayya

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1819

    Content type: Review

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  4. This study was performed to investigate the effects of air pollution and seasonality on the respiratory symptoms and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) of outpatients with respiratory diseases in Ulaanbaa...

    Authors: Motoyuki Nakao, Keiko Yamauchi, Yoko Ishihara, Bandi Solongo and Dashtseren Ichinnorov

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1817

    Content type: Research

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  5. Ectopic pregnancy (EP) remains a major gynecological emergency and is a cause of morbidity or even mortality in women. As a consequence, top citation analysis of EP research in database of the Science Citation...

    Authors: Xue-lian Chen, Zi-ru Chen, Zhen-lan Cao, Ke Han, Ya-wen Tong, Xiao-hui Xiang and Chun-xiu Hu

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1815

    Content type: Research

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  6. Melioidosis caused by gram negative bacteria, B. pseudomallei, is a fatal disease in the tropical and sub-tropical regions. However, sporadic cases have been reported in elsewhere. Early detection is imperative t...

    Authors: Sumet Wajanarogana and Kanyanan Kritsiriwuthinan

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1814

    Content type: Research

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  7. In developing countries like Nepal, gastrointestinal infections due to various parasites are common causes of morbidity and mortality in children. Present study was carried out from June 2013 to December 2013,...

    Authors: Sachita Dhital, Narayan Dutt Pant, Sanjeev Neupane, Saroj Khatiwada, Bijay Gaire, Jeevan Bahadur Sherchand and Padma Shrestha

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1813

    Content type: Research

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  8. Geogenic and anthropogenic activities introduce certain metals into the environment which tend to deteriorate the quality of both surface and groundwater in the Bosomtwe Crater Lake and its surroundings. In th...

    Authors: Noah Kyame Asare-Donkor, Thomas Asare Boadu and Anthony Apeke Adimado

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1812

    Content type: Research

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  9. The prognosis for recipients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) of salvage liver transplantation (SLT) versus those of primary liver transplantation (PLT) remains controversial. The objective of this study wa...

    Authors: Pusen Wang, Ying Pu, Hao Li, Baojie Shi, Shengnai Zheng and Lin Zhong

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1809

    Content type: Research

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  10. The aim of the present study was to compare weekly physical activity (PA) and obesity-related markers in athlete and non-athlete university students. One hundred and twenty-six university students (53 males, ...

    Authors: Filipe Manuel Clemente, Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis, Fernando Manuel Lourenço Martins and Rui Sousa Mendes

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1808

    Content type: Research

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  11. Vasospasm still is a major cause of morbidity after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. The purpose of this report is to describe the successful management of severe refractory vasospasm with continuous intra-...

    Authors: Raimund Helbok, Alexandra Zangerle, Andreas Chemelli, Ronny Beer, Thomas Benke, Rainer Ehling, Marlene Fischer, Martin Sojer, Bettina Pfausler, Claudius Thome and Erich Schmutzhard

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1807

    Content type: Case study

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  12. The modalities to treat bleeding polyps include electrocautery snare polypectomy, adrenaline injection, clipping, argon plasma coagulation and surgery. We hereby describe an endoscopic banding ligation method ...

    Authors: Ping-I Hsu, Kwok-Hung Lai, Feng-Woei Tsay, Jin-Shiung Cheng, E-Ming Wang, Rong-Jer Lai and Tsair-Fwu Lee

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1806

    Content type: Case study

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  13. The AZFc deletion has been associated with wide range of phenotypes including complete absence of germ cells in the testes (SCOS), reduction in germ cells hypospermatogenesis, and maturation arrest. The main o...

    Authors: Quan Li, Ning-Hong Song, Wen-Zhou Cao, Qiang Shao, Jian-Jun Xie, Chao Liu, Ya-Min Wang and Hua Shen

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1805

    Content type: Research

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  14. The genus Polianthes belongs to the subfamily Agavoideae of the Asparagaceae family formerly known as Agavaceae. The genus is endemic to México and comprises about 15 species, among them is Polianthes tuberosa L....

    Authors: Alejandra G. González-Gutiérrez and Benjamín Rodríguez-Garay

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1804

    Content type: Research

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  15. With regard to previously reported Lead (Pb) and Chromium (Cr) contamination in egg, a semi-quantitative assessment of the general environment of Bangladesh is carried out through nation-wide sampling of commo...

    Authors: A. M. M. Maruf Hossain, M. Shahidul Islam, M. Mustafa Mamun, H. M. Al-Jonaed, M. Imran, M. Hasibur Rahman, M. Azizul Islam Kazi and Syed Fazle Elahi

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1803

    Content type: Research

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  16. FOLFOX is a standard combination chemotherapy regimen for metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is infused continuously through a pump for 46 h; therefore, replacement of infused 5-FU with ...

    Authors: Manabu Shimomura, Katsunori Shinozaki, Takao Hinoi, Masanori Yoshimitsu, Manabu Kurayoshi, Daisuke Sumitani, Yasuyo Ishizaki, Takafumi Oshiro, Shinya Kodama, Yosuke Shimizu, Michinori Arita, Masakazu Tokunaga, Makoto Yoshida, Junko Tanaka and Hideki Ohdan

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1800

    Content type: Research

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  17. Inflammation has been reported to play an important role in cancer progression and various inflammatory markers have been reported to be useful prognostic markers. The aim of this retrospective study was to ev...

    Authors: Masatsune Shibutani, Kiyoshi Maeda, Hisashi Nagahara, Yasuhito Iseki, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1798

    Content type: Research

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  18. We analyzed risk factors for Leptospira seropositivity in humans, using data from a population-based cross-sectional zoonosis survey in South Germany (2008/9). Out of 1007 participants 42 (4.2 %) were sero-positi...

    Authors: Stefan O. Brockmann, Lena Ulrich, Isolde Piechotowski, Christiane Wagner-Wiening, Karsten Nöckler, Anne Mayer-Scholl and Martin Eichner

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1796

    Content type: Research

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  19. Our study focuses on the antimicrobial susceptibility, genotypic and phenotypic heterogeneity, and serotype classification of the Streptococcus mutans isolated from type II diabetic patients (n = 25; age 42–68). ...

    Authors: Arpan De, Guido Pasquantonio, Loredana Cerroni, Dezemona Petrelli, Davide Lauro, Marta Longhi and Luca A. Vitali

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1794

    Content type: Research

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  20. Several studies have reported a significant association between sleep disturbance and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of the present study is to compare the clinical characteristics and the health-re...

    Authors: Risa Uemura, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Narika Iwakura, Masatsugu Shiba, Kenji Watanabe, Noriko Kamata, Hirokazu Yamagami, Tetsuya Tanigawa, Toshio Watanabe, Kazunari Tominaga and Tetsuo Arakawa

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1792

    Content type: Research

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  21. Urine protein detection could be underestimated using the conventional dipstick method because of variations in urine aliquots. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of the semi-quantitative urine protein-t...

    Authors: Chih-Chun Chang, Ming-Jang Su, Jung-Li Ho, Yu-Hui Tsai, Wei-Ting Tsai, Shu-Jene Lee, Tzung-Hai Yen and Fang-Yeh Chu

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1791

    Content type: Research

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  22. Based on some previous research, the chalcone derivatives exhibited potent xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity, e.g. sappanchalcone (7), with IC50 value of 3.9 μM, was isolated from Caesalpinia sappan. Therefore...

    Authors: Trung Huu Bui, Nhan Trung Nguyen, Phu Hoang Dang, Hai Xuan Nguyen and Mai Thanh Thi Nguyen

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1789

    Content type: Research

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  23. In the altiplano of Northern Chile the plant Senecio nutans is habitually used as an infusion to relieve the effects of altitude sickness (locally known as “puna”). It is also used to alleviate the bronchitis, wh...

    Authors: Adrian Paredes, Yanett Leyton, Carlos Riquelme and Glauco Morales

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1788

    Content type: Research

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  24. The invasive weed species Gutenbergia cordifolia has been observed to suppress native plants and to dominate more than half of the entire crater floor (250 km2) in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA). As this ...

    Authors: Issakwisa B. Ngondya, Linus K. Munishi, Anna C. Treydte and Patrick A. Ndakidemi

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1787

    Content type: Research

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  25. We reported a new complication after dexamethasone implant injection. The patient was treated by dexamethasone implant injection for diabetic macular edema. After injection, we report an implant stucked in Ber...

    Authors: Pierre Dubrulle, Franck Fajnkuchen, Lise Qu and Audrey Giocanti-Aurégan

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1786

    Content type: Case study

    Published on:

  26. Improving the performance of clinical departments is not only the significant content of the healthcare system reform in China, but also the essential approach to better satisfying the Chinese growing demand ...

    Authors: Yinghui Cui, Zhengyi Wu, Yao Lu, Wenzhong Jin, Xing Dai and Jinxi Bai

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1785

    Content type: Research

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  27. The analysis of leukocyte images has drawn interest from fields of both medicine and computer vision for quite some time where different techniques have been applied to automate the process of manual analysis ...

    Authors: Deblina Bhattacharjee, Anand Paul, Jeong Hong Kim and Mucheol Kim

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1784

    Content type: Research

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  28. Senior medical students, who are future doctors, should be prepared to use antimicrobials appropriately and will be important partners in antimicrobial stewardship. This survey was designed to investigate the ...

    Authors: Kun Yang, Dongfang Wu, Fei Tan, Shaojun Shi, Xianxi Guo, Qing Min, Xiaolian Zhang and Hong Cheng

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1779

    Content type: Research

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  29. Policing is regarded as a high-risk profession for the development of mental health disturbances owing to various critical incidents and potential traumatic events they encounter. Exploration of mental health ...

    Authors: Nuwan D. Wickramasinghe, Pushpa R. Wijesinghe, Samath D. Dharmaratne and Suneth B. Agampodi

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1776

    Content type: Research

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  30. High mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) is a proinflammatory, DAMP protein that participates in many pathological conditions. In this study, we evaluated the usability of CSF HMGB1 as a biomarker for the diagnosis o...

    Authors: Yan Chen, Jun Zhang, Xiaofei Wang, Yu Wu, Li Zhu, Longkun Lu, Qian Shen and Yanghua Qin

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1775

    Content type: Research

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  31. This paper focuses on the application of Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) technique for estimating the parameters of log-logistic (LL) distribution which is dependent on a complete sample. To find Bayesian esti...

    Authors: Ali A. Al-Shomrani, A. I. Shawky, Osama H. Arif and Muhammad Aslam

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1774

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. This work provides a case study centered on the cognitive phenomenon of factualization, viz. “the SP/W’s increasing certainty about the realization of an event or situation” (cf. Tantucci 2014, 2015a, b, 2016b). ...

    Authors: Vittorio Tantucci

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1773

    Content type: Case study

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  33. Stress ulcers occur frequently in neurosurgical intensive care patients and can pose serious risks. We summarized the clinical experience of the combined application of nasointestinal tubes for early restorat...

    Authors: Tianshu Lu and Jingyu Guan

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1769

    Content type: Research

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  34. We report a case of synchronous rectal and prostate cancer treated successfully with simultaneous da Vinci robotic-assisted low anterior resection of the rectum and robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prosta...

    Authors: Myungchan Park, Seong Cheol Kim, Jae-Seung Chung, Sang Hyun Park, Seok San Park, Sung Jin Oh, Donghoon Lee, Koon Ho Rha and Cheol Kyu Oh

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1768

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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