Acker T, Plate KH: Role of hypoxia in tumor angiogenesis-molecular and cellular angiogenic crosstalk. Cell Tissue Res 2003, 314: 145-155.
American Sleep Disorders Association: EEG arousals: scoring rules and examples. A preliminary report from the sleep disorders atlas task force of the American sleep disorders association. Sleep 1992, 15: 173-184.
Arnardottir ES, Mackiewicz M, Gislason T, Teff KL, Pack AI: Molecular signatures of obstructive sleep apnea in adults: a review and perspective. Sleep 2009, 32: 447-470.
Bicknell R, Harris AL: Novel angiogenic signaling pathways and vascular targets. Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol 2004, 44: 219-238.
Bradley TD, Floras JS: Obstructive sleep apnoea and its cardiovascular consequences. Lancet 2009, 373: 82-93.
Bunn HF, Poyton RO: Oxygen sensing and molecular adaptation to hypoxia. Physiol Rev 1996, 76: 839-885.
Calvani M, Rapisarda A, Uranchimeg B, Shoemaker RH, Melillo G: Hypoxic induction of an HIF-1α-dependent bFGF autocrine loop drives angiogenesis in human endothelial cells. Blood 2006, 107: 2705-2712.
Clarke MR, Weyant RJ, Watson CG, Carty SE: Prognostic markers in pheochromocytoma. Hum Pathol 1998, 29: 522-526.
Cuevas P, Carceller F, Ortega S, Zazo M, Nieto I, Giménez-Gallego G: Hypotensive activity of fibroblast growth factor. Science 1991, 254: 1208-1210.
Dinarello CA: Inflammatory cytokines: interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factor as effector molecules in autoimmune diseases. Curr Opin Immunol 1991, 3: 941-948.
Entzian P, Linnemann K, Schlaak M, Zabel P: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and circadian rhythms of hormones and cytokines. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1996, 153: 1080-1086.
Feldmann M, Maini RN: Anti-TNF α therapy of rheumatoid arthritis: what have we learned? Annu Rev Immunol 2001, 19: 163-196.
Forsythe JA, Jiang BH, Iyer NV, Agani F, Leung SW, Koos RD, Semenza GL: Activation of vascular endothelial growth factor gene transcription by hypoxia-inducible factor 1. Mol Cell Biol 1996, 16: 4604-4613.
Fujita M, Ikemoto M, Kishishita M, Otani H, Nohara R, Tanaka T, Tamaki S, Yamazato A, Sasayama S: Elevated basic fibroblast growth factor in pericardial fluid of patients with unstable angina. Circulation 1996, 94: 610-613.
Gozal D, Lipton AJ, Jones KL: Circulating vascular endothelial growth factor levels in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep 2002, 25: 59-65.
Hammond HK, McKirnan MD: Angiogenic gene therapy for heart disease: a review of animal studies and clinical trials. Cardiovasc Res 2001, 16: 561-567.
Iber C, Ancoli-Israel S, Chesson AL Jr, Quan SF: The AASM manual for the scoring of sleep and associated events: rules, terminology and technical specifications. Westchester, IL: American Academy of Sleep Medicine; 2007.
Imagawa S, Yamaguchi Y, Higuchi M, Neichi T, Hasegawa Y, Mukai HY, Suzuki N, Yamamoto M, Nagasawa T: Levels of vascular endothelial growth factor are elevated in patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome. Blood 2001, 98: 1255-1257.
Imagawa S, Yamaguchi Y, Ogawa K, Obara N, Suzuki N, Yamamoto M, Nagasawa T: Interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α in patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome. Respiration 2004, 71: 24-29.
Ishihara K, Hirano T: IL-6 in autoimmune disease and chronic inflammatory proliferative disease. Cytokine Growth Factor Rev 2002, 13: 357-368.
Lavie L, Lavie P: Molecular mechanisms of cardiovascular disease in OSAHS: the oxidative stress link. Eur Respir J 2009, 33: 1467-1484.
Lavie L, Kraiczi H, Hefetz A, Ghandour H, Perelman A, Hedner J, Lavie P: Plasma vascular endothelial growth factor in sleep apnea syndrome. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002, 165: 1624-1628.
Li J, Shworak NW, Simons M: Increased responsiveness of hypoxic endothelial cells to FGF2 is mediated by HIF-1alpha-dependent regulation of enzymes involved in synthesis of heparan sulfate FGF2-binding sites. J Cell Sci 2002, 115: 1951-1959.
Li Y, Chongsuvivatwong V, Geater A, Liu AO: Exhaled breath condensate cytokine level as a diagnostic tool for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Sleep Med 2009, 10: 95-103.
Marin JM, Carrizo SJ, Vicente E, Agusti AG: Long-term cardiovascular outcomes in men with obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea with or without treatment with continuous positive airway pressure: an observational study. Lancet 2005, 365: 1046-1053.
Nakajima H, Sakakibara Y, Tambara K, Iwakura A, Doi K, Marui A, Ueyama K, Ikeda T, Tabata Y, Komeda M: Therapeutic angiogenesis by the controlled release of basic fibroblast growth factor for ischemic limb and heart injury: toward safety and minimal invasiveness. J Artif Organs 2004, 7: 58-61.
Nishibayashi M, Miyamoto M, Miyamoto T, Suzuki K, Hirata K: Correlation between severity of obstructive sleep apnea and prevalence of silent cerebrovascular lesions. J Clin Sleep Med 2008, 4: 242-247.
Ohga E, Tomita T, Wada H, Yamamoto H, Nagase T, Ouchi Y: Effects of obstructive sleep apnea on circulating ICAM-1, IL-8, and MCP-1. J Appl Physiol 2003, 94: 179-184.
Peled N, Shitrit D, Bendayan D, Peled E, Kramer MR: Association of elevated levels of vascular endothelial growth factor in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome with patient age rather than with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome severity. Respiration 2007, 74: 50-55.
Peppard PE, Young T, Palta M, Skatrud J: Prospective study of the association between sleep-disordered breathing and hypertension. N Engl J Med 2000, 342: 1378-1384.
Rohovsky S, Kearney M, Pieczek A, Rosenfield K, Schainfeld R, D’Amore PA, Isner JM: Elevated levels of basic fibroblast growth factor in patients with limb ischemia. Am Heart J 1996, 132: 1015-1019.
Ruel M, Sellke FW: Angiogenic protein therapy. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2003, 15: 222-235.
Ryan S, Taylor CT, McNicholas WT: Selective activation of inflammatory pathways by intermittent hypoxia in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Circulation 2005, 112: 2660-2667.
Schulz R, Hummel C, Heinemann S, Seeger W, Grimminger F: Serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor are elevated in patients with obstructive sleep apnea and severe nighttime hypoxia. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002, 165: 67-70.
Sharma SK, Mishra HK, Sharma H, Goel A, Sreenivas V, Gulati V, Tahir M: Obesity, and not obstructive sleep apnea, is responsible for increased serum hs-CRP levels in patients with sleep-disordered breathing in Delhi. Sleep Med 2008, 9: 145-156.
Simons M, Bonow RO, Chronos NA, Cohen DJ, Giordano FJ, Hammond HK, Laham RJ, Li W, Pike M, Sellke FW, Stegmann TJ, Udelson JE, Rosengart TK: Clinical trials in coronary angiogenesis: issues, problems, consensus: An expert panel summary. Circulation 2000, 12: e73-e86.
Strollo PJ Jr, Robers RM: Obstructive sleep apnea. N Engl J Med 1996, 334: 99-104.
Valipour A, Litschauer B, Mittermayer F, Rauscher H, Burghuber OC, Wolzt M: Circulating plasma levels of vascular endothelial growth factor in patients with sleep disordered breathing. Respir Med 2004, 98: 1180-1186.
Vgontzas AN, Papanicolaou DA, Bixler EO, Hopper K, Lotsikas A, Lin HM, Kales A, Chrousos GP: Sleep apnea and daytime sleepiness and fatigue: relation to visceral obesity, insulin resistance, and hypercytokinemia. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2000, 85: 1151-1158.
Wang GL, Jiang BH, Rue EA, Semenza GL: Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 is a basic-helix-loop-helix-PAS heterodimer regulated by cellular O2 tension. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1995, 92: 5510-5514.
Yokoe T, Minoguchi K, Matsuo H, Oda N, Minoguchi H, Yoshino G, Hirano T, Adachi M: Elevated levels of C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome are decreased by nasal continuous positive airway pressure. Circulation 2003, 107: 1129-1134.
Young T, Palta M, Dempsey J, Skatrud J, Weber S, Badr S: The occurrence of sleep-disordered breathing among middle-aged adults. N Engl J Med 1993, 328: 1230-1235.