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Table 2 Unadjusted comparison of the three cohorts regarding gender, age, BMI z-score and SCP at inclusion, as well as the duration of diabetes when BMI and SCP were evaluated

From: Potential beneficial effects of a gluten-free diet in newly diagnosed children with type 1 diabetes: a pilot study

Variable Danish European Gluten-free p value
Gender (M/F) 66/63 128/133 11/4 0.19
Age at onset in years (mean/SD) 10.0 (± 0.3) 9.1 (± 0.2) 9.1 (± 1.1) 0.06
z-BMI (mean/SD) 0.43 (0.1) 0.40 (± 0.1) −0.1 (± 0.3) 0.30
C-peptide at inclusion pmol/L (median/range) 629 (10–1934) 409 (10–2040) 566 (57–1360) <0.01
Duration at first visit in years (mean/SD) 0.09 (0.00) 0.10 (0.01) 0.21 (0.04) <0.01