Skip to main content

Table 1 Metals concentration (mg kg−1) in samples of ten (Arabian Sea Origin) fish species

From: Trace metals health risk appraisal in fish species of Arabian Sea

Fish species Muscle Metals
Cd
Mean ± SD
Cu
Mean ± SD
Fe
Mean ± SD
Pb
Mean ± SD
Epinephelus chlorostigma Heart 0.002 ± 0.0007bc 0.006 ± 0.004b 0.679 ± 0.042b 0.014 ± 0.012b
Skin 0.019 ± 0.005a 0.099 ± 0.066a 4.952 ± 1.824a 0.276 ± 0.260a
Fillet 0.015 ± 0.012ab 0.051 ± 0.024ab 1.006 ± 0.912b 0.168 ± 0.155ab
Labeo rohita Heart BDLc 0.024 ± 0.00ab 3.931 ± 0.033a BDLb
Skin 0.005 ± 0.004bc 0.030 ± 0.016ab 1.469 ± 1.236b 0.066 ± 0.058ab
Fillet 0.003 ± 0.001bc 0.048 ± 0.001ab 1.259 ± 0.531b 0.030 ± 0.018b
Pampus argenteus Heart 0.002 ± 0.002bc 0.030 ± 0.016ab 0.413 ± 0.140b 0.027 ± 0.024b
Skin 0.005 ± 0.003bc 0.091 ± 0.025a 1.349 ± 0.230b 0.051 ± 0.020ab
Fillet 0.004 ± 0.003bc 0.084 ± 0.013a 1.157 ± 0.170b 0.027 ± 0.017b
Scomberomorus commerson Heart BDLc 0.021 ± 0.028a 0.903 ± 0.313b BDLb
Skin 0.019 ± 0.008a 0.067 ± 0.010a 1.347 ± 0.173b 0.236 ± 0.039ab
Fillet 0.002 ± 0.00bc 0.189 ± 0.045a 3.098 ± 0.117b 0.024 ± 0.011b
Rachycentron canadum Heart 0.005 ± 0.003bc 0.015 ± 0.016a 0.508 ± 0.140b 0.036 ± 0.022ab
Skin 0.002 ± 0.001bc 0.108 ± 0.021a 1.586 ± 0.230b 0.012 ± 0.005b
Fillet 0.007 ± 0.004abc 0.042 ± 0.004a 0.922 ± 0.657b 0.013 ± 0.003b
Johnius belangerii Heart 0.027 ± 0.0007c 0.021 ± 0.0168 1.101 ± 0.0117ab 0.569 ± 0.0066a
Skin 0.037 ± 0.034b 0.075 ± 0.010abc 2.468 ± 0.726a 0.529 ± 0.451a
Fillet 0.020 ± 0.014a 0.053 ± 0.004bc 2.001 ± 0.950ab 0.218 ± 0.108ab
Trachinotus blochii Heart 0.041 ± 0.005bc 0.038 ± 0.018bc 1.013 ± 0.196ab 0.059 ± 0.042b
Skin 0.004 ± 0.001 0.074 ± 0.016abc 1.457 ± 0.037ab 0.021 ± 0.018b
Fillet 0.004 ± 0.001 0.088 ± 0.024abc 1.330 ± 1.101ab 0.046 ± 0.025b
Lutjanus argentimaculatus Heart BDL 0.035 ± 0.022c 1.589 ± 0.941ab 0.001 ± 0.001b
Skin BDL 0.078 ± 0.049abc 1.442 ± 0.186ab 0.147 ± 0.099b
Fillet BDL 0.092 ± 0.029abc 1.071 ± 0.126ab 0.099 ± 0.034b
Acanthopagrus berda Heart 0.001 ± 0.001 0.052 ± 0.019bc 0.66 ± 0.044b 0.0087 ± 0.002b
Skin 0.012 ± 0.002 0.107 ± 0.019ab 1.526 ± 0.149ab 0.131 ± 0.028b
Fillet 0.004 ± 0.003 0.127 ± 0.036a 1.196 ± 0.262ab 0.015 ± 0.007b
Pomadasys olivaceum Heart 0.004 ± 0.001 0.019 ± 0.018 0.564 ± 0.224b 0.005 ± 0.004b
Skin 0.009 ± 0.005 0.032 ± 0.015c 1.173 ± 0.775ab 0.051 ± 0.038b
Fillet 0.006 ± 0.001 0.045 ± 0.015bc 0.685 ± 0.090ab 0.008 ± 0.006b
Reference values IAEA-407 (2003) 0.189 3.280 146.0 0.120
WHO (1989) DNA 30.0 100 2.0
FAO (1983) DNA 30.0 DNA 0.50
  1. Data generated from individual tripliocate readings (n = 3)
  2. BDL below detection limit, DNA data is not available
  3. a–c Values indicates that means (X) that do not share a letter are significantly different at 95 % confidence level (ANNOVA, One way, unstaked)