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On synchronal algorithm for fixed point and variational inequality problems in hilbert spaces
SpringerPlus volume 5, Article number: 103 (2016)
Abstract
The aim of this article is to expand and generalize some approximation methods proposed by Tian and Di (J Fixed Point Appl, 2011. doi:10.1186/1687181221) to the class of \((k, \{\mu _{n}\}, \{\xi _{n}\}, \phi )\)total asymptotically strict pseudocontraction to solve the fixed point problem as well as variational inequality problem in the frame work of Hilbert space. Further, the results presented in this paper extend, improve and also generalize several known results in the literature .
Background
Let \(\left\langle .,.\right\rangle\) be an inner product, \(\left\ .\right\\) be the corresponding norm and H be a Hilbert space. The mapping \(T:H\rightarrow H\) is said to be; nonexpansive, if \(\left\ TxTy\right\ \le \left\ xy\right\ , \forall x,y\in H\), quasinonexpansive, if \(\left\ Txq\right\ \le \left\ xq\right\ , \forall x\in H\) and \(q\in Fix(T)\), \(\eta\)strongly monotone, if there exists a positive constant \(\eta >0\) such that \(\left\langle TxTy,xy\right\rangle \ge \eta \left\ xy\right\ ^{2}, \forall x,y\in H\), uniformly LLipschitzian, if there exists \(L>0\) such that \(\left\ T^{n}xT^{n}y\right\ \le L\left\ xy\right\\), \(\forall x,y\in H\) and T is said to be strongly positive bounded linear operator, if there is a constant \(\gamma >0\) such that \(\left\langle Tx,x\right\rangle \ge \gamma \left\ x\right\ ^{2}, \forall x\in H,\) and also T is said to be; contraction if there exists a constant \(\beta \in [0,1)\) such that \(\left\ TxTy\right\ \le \beta \left\ xy\right\ , \forall x,y\in H\), strictly pseudocontraction if there exists a constant \(k\in [0,1)\) such that
The mapping T is said to be; asymptotically strict pseudocontraction if there exists a constant \(k\in [0,1)\) and a sequence \(\{k_{n}\}\subset [1,\infty )\) with \(k_{n}\rightarrow 1\) as \(n\rightarrow \infty\) such that
\((k, \{\mu _{n}\}, \{\xi _{n}\}, \phi )\)total asymptotically strict pseudocontraction, if there exists a constant \(k\in [0,1)\), \(\mu _{n}\subset [0,\infty )\), \(\xi _{n}\subset [0,\infty )\) with \(\mu _{n}\rightarrow 0\) and \(\xi _{n}\rightarrow 0\) as \(n\rightarrow \infty\), and continuous strictly increasing function \(\phi :[0,\infty )\rightarrow [0,\infty )\) with \(\phi (0)=0\) such that \(\left\ T^{n}xT^{n}y\right\ ^{2}\le \left\ xy\right\ ^{2}+ k\left\ (IT^{n})x(IT^{n})y\right\ ^{2} +\mu _{n}\phi (\left\ xy\right\ ) +\xi _{n},\) \(\forall x,y\in H.\)
We now give an example of \((k,\; \{\mu _{n}\}, \{\xi _{n}\}, \phi )\)total asymptotically strict pseudocontraction mappings .
Example 1
Let B be a unit ball in a real Hilbert space \(l_{2}\) and \(T:B\rightarrow B\) be a mapping define by
where \(\{a_{i}\}\) is a sequence in (0,1) such that \({\prod ^{\infty }\nolimits_{i=2}(a_{i})=\frac{1}{2}}\).
It was proved by Goebel and Kirk (1972) that

(i)
\({\left\ TxTy\right\ \le 2\left\ xy\right\ };\)

(ii)
\({\left\ T^{n}xT^{n}y\right\ \le 2\prod ^{n}_{i=2}(a_{i})\left\ xy\right\ \;\forall x, y\in B\; \mathrm{and}\; n\ge 2}\).
Now if we let \(k^{\frac{1}{2}}_{1}=2\) such that \({k_{n}^{\frac{1}{2}} =2\prod ^{n}_{i=2}(a_{i}),\; \mathrm{for}\; n\ge 2}\), then
Similarly, if we let \(\mu _{n}=k_{n}1\), \(\;\forall n\ge 1\), \(\phi (t)=t^{2},\; \forall t\ge 0, k\in [0,1)\) and \(\xi _{n}\) be a nonnegative real sequence such that \(\xi _{n}\rightarrow 0\), then \(\forall x,y\in B\), \(n\ge 1\), we have
Remark 2
Note that, every nonexpansive mapping is kstrict pseudocontraction, kstrict pseudocontraction is asymptotically strict pseudocontraction mapping, asymptotically strict pseudocontraction mapping is (\(k,~ \{\mu _{n}\},~\{\xi _{n}\},~ \phi )\)total asymptotically strict pseudocontraction mapping.
Throughout this paper, we adopt the notations; I is the identity operator, Fix(T) is the fixed point set of T, VIP(C,F) is the solution set of variational inequality problem [see Eq. (1)], “\(\rightarrow\)” and “\(\rightharpoonup\)” denote the strong and weak convergence respectively, and \(\omega _{\omega }(x_{n})\) denote the set of the cluster point of \(\{x_{n}\}\) in the weak topology i.e., \(\{ \exists x_{n_{j}}\) of \(\{x_{n}\}\) such that \(x_{n_{j}} \rightharpoonup x\}\).
Let C be a nonempty closed convex subset of H and \(F:C \rightarrow H\) be a map. The variational inequality problem with respect to C and F is defined as search for \(x^{*}\in C,\) such that
The problem of solving a variational inequality problem of the form (1) has been intensively studied by numerous authors due to its various applications in several physical problems such as; in operational research, economics, engineering design etc., see for example Jianghua (2008), Noor (2007), Kinderlehrer and Stampacchia (1980) and the references therein.
It was Yamada (2001) proposed a hybrid steepest decent method for solving variational inequality problem, which generate a sequence \(\{x_{n}\}\) by the following iterative algorithm:
where T is nonexpansive mapping, F is LLipschitzian and \(\eta\)strongly monotone with \({L>0, \eta >0, 0<\mu <\frac{2\eta }{L^{2}}}\) and \(\lambda _{n}\subseteq (0,1)\) satisfying the following conditions:
They showed that, the sequence \(\{x_{n}\}\) generated by algorithm (2) converged strongly to the unique solution of variational inequality problem
Besides, he also proposed cyclic algorithm whose generate a sequence \(\{x_{n}\}\) by
where \(T_{[n]}=T_{n(mod\, N)}\), he also got strong convergence results.
Marino and Xu (2006) introduced another algorithm for solving variational inequality problem, which generate a sequence \(\{x_{n}\}\) by
where f is a contraction, A is strongly positive bounded linear operator, T is a nonexpansive, \(\{\alpha _{n}\}\) is a sequence in (0, 1) satisfying the conditions in Eq. (3), then they showed that, the sequence \(\{x_{n}\}\) generated by algorithm (6), converged strongly to a common fixed point \(x^{*}\) of T which solve the variational inequality problem
Tain (2010) combined algorithm (2) and (5), and he considered the following general iterative algorithm, which generate a sequence \(\{x_{n}\}\) by:
where T is a nonexpansive, f is a contraction, F is k Lipschitzian and \(\eta\) strongly monotone with \(k>0\), \(\eta >0\), \(0<\mu < \frac{2\eta }{k^{2}}\) and \(\{\alpha _{n}\}\) is a sequence in (0, 1) satisfying the conditions in Eq. (3), then the sequence \(\{x_{n}\}\) generated by algorithm (8), converged to a common fixed point \(x^{*}\) of T which solves the variational inequality
Tian and Di (2011) designed synchronal and cyclic algorithm based on the general iterative algorithm proposed by Tain (2010) for finding the common fixed point \(x^{*}\) of finite family of strict pseudocontraction mapping, which is the solution of the variational inequality problem
and they obtained the strong convergent results as shown below:
Theorem 3
(Synchronal Algorithm). Let H be a real Hilbert space and \(T_{i}:H\rightarrow H\) be a \(k_{i}\) strict pseudocontraction, for some \(k_{i}\subset (0,1)\), \((i=1,2,3,\ldots ,N)\) such that \(\bigcap ^{N}_{i=1} Fix(T_{i})\ne \emptyset\), let f be a contraction with coefficient \(\beta \in (0,1)\) and \(\lambda _{i}\) be a positive constant such that \({\sum ^{N}_{i=1}\lambda _{i}=1}\). Let \(G:H\rightarrow H\) be a \(\eta\) strongly monotone and L Lipschitzian operator with \(L>0\) and \(\eta >0.\) Assume that \(0<\mu <\frac{2\eta }{L^{2}},\) \({0<\gamma <\mu (\eta \frac{\mu L^{2}}{2})/\beta =\frac{\tau }{\beta }}\). Given the initial guess \(x_{0}\in H\) chosen arbitrarily and given sequences \(\{\alpha _{n}\}\) and \(\{\beta _{n}\}\) in (0, 1) satisfying the following conditions:
Let \(\{x_{n}\}\) be the sequence defined by
Then \(\{x_{n}\}\) converged strongly to a common point of \(\{T_{i}\}^{N}_{i=1}\) which solves the variational inequality problem (10).
Theorem 4
(Cyclic Algorithm) Let H be a real Hilbert space and \(T_{i}:H\rightarrow H\) be a \(k_{i}\) strict pseudocontraction for some \(k_{i}\in (0,1)\) \((i=1,2,3,\ldots ,N)\) such that \(\bigcap ^{N}_{i=1} Fix(T_{i})\ne \emptyset\) and let f be a contraction with coefficient \(\beta \in (0,1)\). Let \(G:H\rightarrow H\) be a \(\eta\) strongly monotone and L Lipschitzian operator with \(L>0\) and \(\eta >0.\) Assume that \({0<\gamma <\mu \left( \eta \frac{\mu L^{2}}{2}\right) /\beta =\frac{\tau }{\beta }}\). Given the initial guess \(x_{0}\in H\) chosen arbitrarily and given sequences \(\{\alpha _{n}\}\) and \(\{\beta _{n}\}\) in (0, 1) satisfying the following conditions:
let \(\{x_{n}\}\) be the sequence defined by
where \(T_{[n]}=T_{i}\), with i=n(mod N), \(1\le i\le N\), namely \(T_{[n]}\) is one of \(T_{1},T_{2},T_{3},\ldots ,T_{N}\) circularly. Then \(\{x_{n}\}\) converged strongly to a common point of \(\{T_{i}\}^{N}_{i=1}\) which solve the variational inequality problem (10).
And also Auwalu et al. (2013) proved the following results in real Banach space which is the generalization of Tian and Di (2011).
Theorem 5
(Synchronal Algorithm) Let E be a real q uniformly smooth Banach space, and C be a nonempty closed convex subset of E. Let \(T_{i}:C\rightarrow C\) be a \(k_{i}\) strict pseudocontractions for some \(k_{i}\in (0,1)\), \((i=1,2,3,\ldots ,N)\) such that \(\bigcap ^{N}_{i=1} Fix(T_{i})\ne \emptyset\). Let f be a contraction with coefficient \(\beta \in (0,1)\) and \(\{\lambda _{i}\}_{i=1}^{N}\) be a sequence of positive number such that \({\sum ^{N}_{i=1}\lambda _{i}=1}\). Let \(G:C\rightarrow C\) be an \(\eta\) strongly accretive and L Lipschitzian operator with \(L>0\) and \(\eta >0.\) Assume that \(0<\mu <(q\eta /d_{q}L^{q})^{1/q1}\), \({0<\gamma <\mu (\eta d_{q}\mu ^{q1}L^{q}/q)/\beta =\frac{\tau }{\beta }}\). Let \(\{\alpha _{n}\}\) and \(\{\beta _{n}\}\) be sequences in (0,1) satisfying the following conditions:
Let \(\{x_{n}\}\) be a sequence defined by algorithm (12), then \(\{x_{n}\}\) converged strongly to a common fixed point of \(\{T_{i}\}^{N}_{i=1}\) which solve the variational inequality problem (10).
Motivated by these two results, in this paper, we modified the algorithms of Tian and Di (2011) to the class of total asymptotically strict pseudocontraction mapping to solve the fixedpoint problem as well variational inequality problem, this will be done in the frame work of real Hilbert space. By imposing some conditions, we obtained new strong convergence results. The results presented in this paper, not only extend and improve the results of Tian and Di (2011) but also extend, improve and generalize the results of; Yamada (2001), Marino and Xu (2006), Tain (2010) and Mainge (2009).
Preliminaries
In the sequel we shall make use of the following lemmas in proving our main results.
Lemma 6
( Marino and Xu 2007) Let H be a Hilbert space, there hold the following identities;

(i)
\(\left\ xy\right\ ^{2}=\left\ x\right\ ^{2}\left\ y\right\ ^{2}2\left\langle xy,y\right\rangle , \quad \forall x,y\in H;\)

(ii)
\(\left\ tx+(1t)y\right\ ^{2}=t\left\ x\right\ ^{2}+(1t)\left\ y\right\ ^{2}t(1t)\left\ xy\right\ ^{2}, \quad \forall t\in [0,1]\mathrm{~ and~} x,y\in H\);

(iii)
if \(\{x_{n}\}\) is a sequence in H such that \(x_{n}\rightharpoonup z,\) then
$$\begin{aligned}\underset{n\rightarrow \infty }{\limsup }\left\ x_{n}y\right\ ^{2}=\underset{n\rightarrow \infty }{\limsup }\left\ x_{n}z\right\ ^{2}+\left\ zy\right\ ^{2},\forall y\in H.\end{aligned}$$
Lemma 7
(Chang et al. 2013) Let C be a nonempty closed convex subset of a real Hilbert space H and let \(T:C\rightarrow C\) be a (\(k,~ \{\mu _{n}\},~\{\xi _{n}\},~ \phi )\) total asymptotically strict pseudocontraction mapping and uniformly LLipschitzian. Then \(IT\) is demiclosed at zero in the sense that if \(\{x_{n}\}\) is a sequence in C such that \(x_{n}\rightharpoonup x^{*}\), and \(\limsup\nolimits_{n\rightarrow \infty}\left\ (T^{n}I)x_{n}\right\ =0\), then \((TI)x^{*}=0.\)
Lemma 8
(Xu 2002) Assume that \(\{a_{n}\}\) is a sequence of nonnegative real number such that
where \(\gamma _{n}\) is a sequence in (0, 1) and \(\sigma _{n}\) is a sequence of real number such that;

(i)
\(\mathop{\lim }\nolimits_{{n \to \infty}}\gamma _{n}=0\; \mathrm{and}\; \sum \gamma _{n}=\infty\);

(ii)
\(\mathop{\lim }\nolimits_{{n \to \infty}}\frac{\sigma _{n}}{\gamma _{n}}\le 0\) or \(\sum \sigma _{n}<\infty .\) Then \(\mathop{\lim }\nolimits_{{n \to \infty}}a_{n}=0.\)
Lemma 9
(Tian and Di 2011) Let \(F:H\rightarrow H\) be a \(\eta\) strongly monotone and L Lipschitzian operator with \(L>0\) and \(\eta >0\). Assume that \({0<\mu <\frac{2\eta }{L^{2}}}\), \({\tau =\mu \left( \eta \frac{2L^{2}\mu }{2}\right) }\) and \(0<t<1\). Then
Lemma 10
Let \(S:C\rightarrow H\) be a uniformly L Lipschitzian mapping with \(L\in (0,1]\). Define \(T:C\rightarrow H\) by \(T^{\beta _{n}}x=\beta _{n} x + (1\beta _{n} )S^{n}x\) with \(\beta _{n}\in (0,1)\) and \(\forall x\in C\). Then \(T^{\beta _{n}}\) is nonexpansive and \(Fix(T^{\beta _{n}})= Fix(S^{n})\).
Proof
Let \(x,y\in C,\) from Lemma [6(ii)], we have
since \(L\in (0,1]\) and \(\beta _n \in (0,1)\), it follow that, \(T^{\beta _{n}}\) is nonexpansive, and it is not difficult to see that \(Fix(T^{\beta _{n}})= Fix(S^{n}).\) \(\square\)
Lemma 11
(Tain 2010) Let H be a real Hilbert space, \(f:H\rightarrow H\) be a contraction with coefficient \(0<\alpha <1\) and \(F:H\rightarrow H\) be a L Lipschitzian continuous operator and \(\eta\) strongly monotone operator with \(L>0\) and \(\eta >0\). Then for \(0<\gamma <\frac{\mu \eta }{\alpha }\),
Main results
In this section, we prove the following theorem which is the extension of the theorems (3) and (4).
Theorem 12
Let \(T:H\rightarrow H\) be a \((k, \{\mu _{n}\}, \{\xi _{n}\}, \phi )\) total asymptotically strict pseudocontraction mapping and uniformly MLipschitzian with \(\phi (t)=t^{2},\quad \forall t \ge 0\) and \(M\in (0,1]\). Assume that \(Fix(T^{n})\ne \emptyset ,\) and let f be a contraction with coefficient \(\beta \in (0,1)\), \(G:H\rightarrow H\) be a \(\eta\) strongly monotone and L Lipschitzian operator with \(L>0\) and \(\eta >0\) respectively. Assume that \({0<\gamma <\mu (\eta \frac{\mu L^{2}}{2})/\beta =\frac{\tau }{\beta }}\) and let \(x_{0}\in H\) be chosen arbitrarily, \(\{\alpha _{n}\}\) and \(\{\beta _{n}\}\) be two sequences in (0,1) satisfying the following conditions:
Let \(\{x_{n}\}\) be a sequence defined by
then \(\{x_{n}\}\) converges strongly to a common fixed of \(T^{n}\) which solve the variational inequality problem
Proof
The proof is divided into five steps as follows.
Step 1. In this step, we show that
The proof follows directly from Lemma (10).
Step 2. In this step, we show that
Let \(x^{*}\in Fix(T^{n}),\) from (17) and Lemma (9), and the fact that f is a contraction, we have
By using induction, we have
Hence \(\{x_{n}\}\) is bounded, and also
From (22), we deduce that
This implies that
where \(M^{*}\) is chosen arbitrarily such that
It follows from (23) that \(\{T^{n}x_{n}\}\) is bounded. Since G is LLipschitzian, f is contraction and the fact that \(\{x_{n}\}, \{T^{n}x_{n}\}\) are bounded, it is easy to see that \(\{GT^{n}x_{n}\}\) and \(\{f(x_{n})\}\) are also bounded.
Step 3. In this step, we show that
Now,
this turn to implies that
where \(N_{1}\) is chosen arbitrarily so that \(\underset{n\ge 1}{\sup }\Big (\gamma \left\ f(x_{n})\right\ +\mu \left\ GT^{\beta _{n}}x_{n}\right\ \Big )\le N_{1}\).
On the other hand,
where \(N_{2,3,4}\) satisfy the following relations:
respectively.
Now substituting (26) into (25), yields
where \(N_{5}\) choosing appropriately such that \(N_{5}\ge \max \{N_{1},N_{2},N_{3},N_{4}\}\).
By Lemma (8) and (ii), it follows that
From Eq. (17), we have,
On the other hand,
this implies that
From the boundedness of \(\{x_{n}\}\), we deduce that \(\{x_{n}\}\) converges weakly. Now assume that \(x_{n}\rightharpoonup p\), by Lemma (7) and the fact that \(\left\ x_{n}T^{n}x_{n}\right\ \rightarrow 0\), we obtain \(p\in Fix\left( T^{n}\right)\). So, we have
By Lemma (11) it follows that \((\gamma f\mu G)\) is strongly monotone, so the variational inequality (18) has a unique solution \(x^{*}\in Fix(T^{n})\).
Step 4. In this step, we show that
The fact that \(\{x_{n}\}\) is bounded, we have \(\{x_{n_{i}}\}\subset \{x_{n}\}\) such that
Suppose without loss of generality that \(x_{n_{i}}\rightharpoonup x\), from (27), it follows that \(x\in Fix (T^{n})\). Since \(x^{*}\) is the unique solution of (17), implies that
Step 5. In this step, we show that
By Lemma (9) and the fact that f is a contraction, we have
this implies that
this implies that
where
From [12(i)], it follows that
Thus \({\mathop{\lim }\nolimits_{{n \to \infty}}\frac{\sigma _{n}}{\gamma _{n}}\le 0}\).
Hence by Lemma (8), it follows that \(x_{n}\rightarrow x^{*}\) as \(n\rightarrow \infty\). \(\square\)
Corollary 13
Let B be a unit ball in a real Hilbert space \(l_{2}\), and let the mapping \(T:B\rightarrow B\) be defined by
where \(\{a_{i}\}\) is a sequence in (0, 1) such that \({\prod ^{\infty }_{i=2}(a_{i})=\frac{1}{2}}\). Let, \(f, G,\gamma , \{\alpha _{n}\}, \{\beta _{n}\}\) be as in theorem (12). Then the sequence \(\{x_{n}\}\) define by algorithm (17), converges strongly to a common fixed point of \(~T^{n}\) which solve the variational inequality problem (18).
Proof
By example (1), it follows that T is \((k, \{\mu \}, \{\xi _{n}\}, \phi )\)total asymptotically strict pseudocontraction mapping and uniformly MLipschitzian with \(M= {2\prod\nolimits ^{n}_{i=2}(a_{i})}\). Hence, the conclusion of this corollary, follows directly from theorem (12). \(\square\)
Corollary 14
Let H be a real Hilbert space and \(T:H\rightarrow H\) be a \((k, \{k_{n}\})\)  asymptotically strict pseudocontraction mapping and uniformly M Lipschitzian with \(M\in (0,1]\). Assume that \(Fix(T^{n})\ne \emptyset\), and Let \(f, G, \gamma\) \(\{\alpha _{n}\}\) and \(\{\beta _{n}\}\) be as in theorem (12). Then, the sequence \(\{x_{n}\}\) generated by algorithm (17), converges strongly to a common fixed point of \(~T^{n}\) which solve the variational inequality problem (18).
Corollary 15
(Tain 2010) Let the sequence \(\{x_{n}\}\) be generated by the mapping
where T is nonexpansive, \(\alpha _{n}\) is a sequence in (0,1) satisfying the conditions in Eq. (11). It was proved in Tain (2010) that \(\{x_{n}\}\) converged strongly to the common fixed point \(x^{*}\) of T, which is the solution of variational inequality problem
Proof
Take n=1, \(k=\mu _{n}=\xi _{n}=0\) and \(F=G\) in theorem (12). Therefore all the conditions in theorem (12) are satisfied. Hence the conclusion of this corollary follows directly from theorem (12). \(\square\)
Corollary 16
(Marino and Xu 2006) Let the sequence \(\{x_{n}\}\) be generated by
where T is nonexpansive and the sequence \(\alpha _{n}\subset (0,1)\) satisfy the conditions in Eq. (16). Then it was proved in Marino and Xu (2006) that \(\{x_{n}\}\) converged strongly to \(x^{*}\) which solve the variational inequality
Proof
Take n=1, \(\mu _{n}=\xi _{n}=0\) and \(\mu =1\) and \(G=A\) in theorem (12). Therefore all the conditions in theorem (12) are satisfied. Hence the conclusion of this corollary follows directly from theorem (12). \(\square\)
Corollary 17
(Yamada 2001) Let the sequence \(\{x_{n}\}\) be generated by
where T is nonexpansive mapping on H, F is LLipschitzian and \(\eta\) strongly monotone with \(L>0, \eta >0\) and \(0<\mu <\frac{2\eta }{L^{2}}\), if the sequence \(\lambda _{n}\subset (0,1)\) satisfies the conditions in (3). Then, it was proved by Yamada (2001) that \(\{x_{n}\}\) converged strongly to the unique solution of the variational inequality
Proof
Take \(n=1\), \(k=\mu _{n}=\xi _{n}=0\) and also take \(\gamma =0\), \(\beta _{n}=0\) and \(G=F\). Therefore all the conditions in theorem (12) are satisfied. Hence the result follows directly from theorem (12). \(\square\)
Conclusion
In this paper, we modified the algorithms by Tian and Di (2011) in order to include the class of total asymptotically strict pseudocontraction mapping to solve the fixedpoint problem as well variational inequality problem, this was done in the frame work of real Hilbert spaces. By imposing some conditions, we also obtained some new strong convergence results. Further we state that the results which were presented in this paper, not only extend and improve the results (Tian and Di 2011) but also extend, improve and generalize the results of; Yamada (2001), Marino and Xu (2006), Tain (2010) and Mainge (2009).
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Authors’ contributions
Both authors jointly worked on deriving the results. Both authors read and approved the final manuscrip t.
Acknowledgements
The authors would like to thank the referees for valuable suggestions and comments, which helped the authors to improve this article substantially. The authors also gratefully acknowledge that this research was partially supported by the Universiti Putra Malaysia under the GPIBT Grant Scheme having Project Number GPIBT/2013/9420100.
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The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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Bulama, L.M., Kılıçman, A. On synchronal algorithm for fixed point and variational inequality problems in hilbert spaces. SpringerPlus 5, 103 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1186/s4006401617236
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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s4006401617236
Keywords
 Synchronal algorithm
 Total strict asymptotically pseudocontraction
 Kstrict pseudocontraction
 Nonexpansive mapping
 Fixed point and variational inequality problem