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Inject and Sustain Sustainability (iS2) in automatic fare collection projects

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Background

Sustainable public transport is not an option; it is a necessity [1]. In a media competition run by the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET), we introduced an award-winning design model of financially secure and sustainable automatic fare collection (AFC) [2]. In the public transport industry, AFC commonly refers to transit providers' automated ticketing systems for collecting fares. We aimed to expand this design model and provide a practical training strategy (incorporating AFC subject knowledge and pedagogic backed training) to answer the challenge of inter-disciplinary capability in knowledge transfer for sustaining sustainability within the project and beyond.

Methods

The designer evaluates and injects components of sustainability into the design, which is then commissioned. Project management frameworks focus on sustainability insertion and growth. Studies on educational psychology have charted the ideal knowledge transfer pedagogy [3] for sustaining sustainability, but also highlighted the practical challenge of interdisciplinary capability. Case studies on synergy in the Hong Kong vocational training framework and major AFC transport projects validate our practical training strategy.

Results

This design model does not need to rearrange components in project management - CMMI [4], PRINCE2 [5] - nor does it introduce any unfamiliar components. With such flexibility, projects other than AFC projects can also adopt this model. Identifying tasks that are specific to sustainability and those relating to sustainability in the task breakdown structure is of paramount importance. Integrating tasks with sustainability and with interlocks in task analysis is the next stage. Designing an interdisciplinary pedagogy for complete knowledge transfer will embed sustainability in the system. The synergy of a vocational training provider's collaboration with an industry partner can overcome the challenge of interdisciplinary training. The design model not only sustains the AFC system in the project build but more importantly sustains the injected sustainability beyond the completion of the project.

Conclusions

Abstraction of these ideas is easier to present than it is to understand. This paper adopts a problem-solving pedagogy to make explicit the design philosophy and model of integrating sustainability. It gives designers a design process guide for injecting sustainability, and implementers of vocational training a model of interdisciplinary collaboration for sustaining sustainability: iS2 for tomorrow.

References

References

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    Haque MM, Debnath AK, Chin HC: Sustainable, smart, safe: a 3 'S' approach towards a modern transportation system. Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment (ICSBE) - The State of the Art. 2010, Kandy, Sri Lanka

  2. 2.

    Lau H, Wong N: A Design Model of Safe and Sustainable Automatic Fare Collection Transportation Projects. Safe and Sustainable Transportation for Tomorrow Media Competition Open Section, 1st Runner-up, the IET Hong Kong, Railway and Transport Section. 2012

  3. 3.

    Bruner J: Culture, mind, and education. Curriculum in Context. Edited by: Moon B., and Murphy P. 2006, London, Great Britain: Paul Chapman, 148-178.

  4. 4.

    CMMI Product Team: CMMI for Development, Version 1.3 (CMU/SEI-2010-TR-033). Pittsburgh, PA: Software Engineering Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, 2010 [accessed 8 May 2015]. In: Digital Library [Online], Available from:, [http://resources.sei.cmu.edu/library/asset-view.cfm?AssetID=9661]

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    Bentley C: PRINCE2: A practical handbook. 2009, London: Routledge, 3: 322-

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Author information

Correspondence to Hillary Kin-hung Lau.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits use, duplication, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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Lau, H.K., Wong, N.C. Inject and Sustain Sustainability (iS2) in automatic fare collection projects. SpringerPlus 4, O8 (2015) doi:10.1186/2193-1801-4-S2-O8

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Keywords

  • Design Model
  • Public Transport
  • Knowledge Transfer
  • Vocational Training
  • Interdisciplinary Pedagogy