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  1. Longer times from diagnosis to breast cancer treatment are associated with poorer prognosis. This study examined factors associated with wait times by phase in the breast cancer treatment pathway.

    Authors: Amalia Plotogea, Anna M Chiarelli, Lucia Mirea, Maegan V Prummel, Nelson Chong, Rene S Shumak, Frances P O’Malley and Claire M B Holloway
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:388
  2. Testing for human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) in breast cancer is performed by either immunohistochemistry (IHC) or in situ hybridization (ISH). The growth factor receptor-bound protein-7 (GRB7)...

    Authors: Shiuh-Wen Luoh, Betsy Ramsey, Amy Hanlon Newell, Megan Troxell, Zhi Hu, Koei Chin, Paul Spellman, Susan Olson and Edward Keenan
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:386
  3. The production of extracellular xylanase by a newly isolated fungus Simplicillium obclavatum MTCC 9604 was studied in solid-state and submerged fermentation. Multiple xylanases and endoglucanases were produced by...

    Authors: Saugata Roy, Tanmay Dutta, Tuhin Subhra Sarkar and Sanjay Ghosh
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:382
  4. This study compares two xylanases produced by filamentous fungi such as A. niger and A. flavus using agroindustrial residues as substract and evaluated the effect of these enzymes on cellulose pulp biobleaching p...

    Authors: Nelciele Cavalieri de Alencar Guimaraes, Michele Sorgatto, Simone de Carvalho Peixoto-Nogueira, Jorge Henrique Almeida Betini, Fabiana Fonseca Zanoelo, Maria Rita Marques, Maria de Lourdes Teixeira de Moraes Polizeli and Giovana C Giannesi
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:380
  5. To evaluate if white matter lesions (WML) on MRI can be a potential marker for onabotulinum toxin A (Botox®) treatment success in migraine, given the limited response rate and high costs per treatment.

    Authors: Anja Bumb, Burkhard Seifert, Stephan Wetzel and Reto Agosti
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:377
  6. The focuses of this study were to investigate the effect of sodium montmorillonite clay (MMT-Na) content on the physical properties and extent of enzymatic hydrolysis Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA): Starch (S): Carbo...

    Authors: Mohammad Taghi Taghizadeh, Narges Sabouri and Babak Ghanbarzadeh
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:376
  7. Hypersplenism is a common complication in cirrhotic patients, and liver transplantation would be one of the effective treatments. However, detailed dynamics, especially over a long term, are not fully understo...

    Authors: Masatoshi Ishigami, Yoji Ishizu, Yasuharu Onishi, Hideya Kamei, Tetsuya Kiuchi, Akihiro Itoh, Yoshiki Hirooka, Yoshiaki Katano and Hidemi Goto
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:374
  8. Recently, therapies targeting the biological characteristics of individual cancers according to markers indicating underlying molecular biological mechanisms have become available. Core needle biopsy (CNB) is ...

    Authors: Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Naoyoshi Onoda, Yuka Asano, Satoru Noda, Hidemi Kawajiri, Tsutomu Takashima, Masahiko Ohsawa, Seiichi Kitagawa and Kosei Hirakawa
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:372
  9. The aqueous extracts of currently utilized Amazonian medicinal plants were assayed in vitro searching for antimicrobial activity against human and animal pathogenic microorganisms.

    Authors: Amanda A Oliveira, Jorge FO Segovia, Vespasiano YK Sousa, Elida CG Mata, Magda CA Gonçalves, Roberto M Bezerra, Paulo OM Junior and Luís IB Kanzaki
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:371
  10. With the advancements in semiconductor technology, high power medium voltage (MV) Drives are extensively used in numerous industrial applications. Challenging technical requirements of MV Drives is to control ...

    Authors: Joshi Manohar Vesapogu, Sujatha Peddakotla and Seetha Rama Anjaneyulu Kuppa
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:370
  11. Culture-dependent methods for bacterial community analysis are currently considered obsolete; therefore, molecular techniques are usually used instead. The results of the current study on hydrocarbonoclastic b...

    Authors: Husain Al-Awadhi, Narjis Dashti, Majida Khanafer, Dina Al-Mailem, Nidaa Ali and Samir Radwan
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:369
  12. The goal of this study was to assess the impact of individual neuropsychological differences on the ability to share attention between concurrent tasks. Participants (n = 20) were trained on six single task pr...

    Authors: Maude Laguë-Beauvais, Christine Gagnon, Nathalie Castonguay and Louis Bherer
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:368
  13. To investigate four different contrast protocols to detect hypervascular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) most adaptable for patients at any body weight (BW) in clinical practice.

    Authors: Masahiro Okada, Hiroshi Kondo, Hironobu Sou, Takamichi Murakami, Masayuki Kanematsu, Tomoaki Ichikawa, Shushi Yoshikawa, Kazuhito Shiosakai, Akiko Hayakawa, Kazuo Awai, Kengo Yoshimitsu and Yasuyuki Yamashita
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:367
  14. In the last decade, more and more oncology centers are challenged with complementary medicine (CM) integration within supportive breast cancer care. Quality of life (QOL) improvement and attenuation of oncolog...

    Authors: Eran Ben-Arye, Elad Schiff, Moti Levy, Orit Gressel Raz, Yael Barak and Gil Bar-Sela
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:364
  15. The morbidity and mortality caused by bacterial infections significantly increased with resistance to commonly used antibiotics. This is partially due to the activation of efflux pumps in Gram-negative bacteri...

    Authors: Jackson A Seukep, Aimé G Fankam, Doriane E Djeussi, Igor K Voukeng, Simplice B Tankeo, Jaurès AK Noumdem, Antoine HLN Kuete and Victor Kuete
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:363
  16. In this study, 191 culture isolates were recovered from suspected samples of animals and humans in Ellinghausen McCullough Johnson and Harris (EMJH) medium and assessed for its morphological features by dark f...

    Authors: Vinayagamurthy Balamurugan, Nidaghatta L Gangadhar, Nagalingam Mohandoss, Sushma Rahim Assadi Thirumalesh, Moushumi Dhar, Rajeswari Shome, Paramanandham Krishnamoorthy, Krishnamsetty Prabhudas and Habibur Rahman
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:362
  17. The need for an updated list of spiders found in French Guiana rose recently due to many upcoming studies planned. In this paper, we list spiders from French Guiana from existing literature (with corrected nom...

    Authors: Vincent Vedel, Christina Rheims, Jérôme Murienne and Antonio Domingos Brescovit
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:361
  18. India has 34 recognized breeds of cattle in addition to many more not characterized and accredited so far. It is imperative to characterize all the cattle germplasm of the country so as to have better breeding...

    Authors: Rekha Sharma, Avishek Maitra, Pramod Kumar Singh and Madhu Sudan Tantia
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:359
  19. Studies have demonstrated lower rates of breast cancer survival for Black versus White women. Factors implicated include later stages at diagnosis, differences in tumor biology, and lower compliance rates to a...

    Authors: Sumita S Bhatta, Ningqi Hou, Zakiya N Moton, Blase N Polite, Gini F Fleming, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Dezheng Huo and Susan Hong
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:356
  20. The precise etiology of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) remains unknown, although a number of genetic loci have been implicated in the susceptibility of type 1 AIH. The purpose of this study was to test for associa...

    Authors: Jing H Ngu, Mary C Wallace, Tony R Merriman, Richard B Gearry, Catherine A M Stedman and Rebecca L Roberts
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:355
  21. To evaluate the usefulness of a tool that we developed to simulate performance of insertion and retrieval of optional inferior vena cava filters to be additionally used in training of beginners with an animal ...

    Authors: Takuji Yamagami, Terumitsu Hasebe, Rika Yoshimatsu, Tomohiro Matsumoto, Takeshi Hashimoto, Atsushi Komemushi, Seiji Kamei, Makiyo Hagihara, Yozo Sato, Hiroshi Kondo, Masanori Inoue, Atsuhiro Nakatsuka, Makoto Takahashi, Jun Koizumi and Hiroya Saito
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:354
  22. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is increasingly popular due to its efficiency in reducing excess weight, however little is known about the nutritional status in patients after surgery.

    Authors: Hanne Rosendahl Gjessing, Hans Jørgen Nielsen, Gunnar Mellgren and Oddrun Anita Gudbrandsen
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:352
  23. Male breast cancer is rare, accounting for less than 1% of breast cancers. Because of its rarity evidence of the usefulness sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) for male breast cancer has not been established. Mo...

    Authors: Naoki Hashimoto, Yurie Kudo, Michihiro Kurushima, Yamato Suzuki, Takafumi Yachi, Tomohisa Tokura, Yutaka Umehara, Shinsuke Nishikawa, Kenichi Takahashi, Takayuki Morita and Fumiko Narita
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:351
  24. Since the performance of surgical procedures of the axilla in the treatment of early breast cancer is decreasing, the role of axillary ultrasound (AUS) as staging procedere has newly to be addressed. The aim o...

    Authors: Angrit Stachs, Katja Göde, Steffi Hartmann, Bernd Stengel, Ulrike Nierling, Max Dieterich, Toralf Reimer and Bernd Gerber
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:350
  25. Affect of different environmental factors i.e., temperature, relative humidity and precipitation on population dynamics, density and foraging activities of Microtermes obesi Holmgren and Odontotermes lokanandi Ch...

    Authors: Abdul Sattar, Muhammad Naeem and Ehsan ul-Haq
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:349
  26. To validate the feasibility and implications of a hybrid procedure using perineal and abdominal approaches for a radical prostatocystectomy.

    Authors: Yozo Mitsui, Hiroaki Yasumoto, Haruki Anjiki, Chiaki Koike, Naoko Arichi, Takeo Hiraoka, Masahiro Sumura, Satoshi Honda, Mikio Igawa and Hiroaki Shiina
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:348
  27. Total of 110 isolates belonging to 8 fungal species collected from intensive care units (ICUs) and operation rooms (ORs) at Assiut University hospitals were examined for their ability to produce some extracell...

    Authors: Mohamed Bassam Aboul-Nasr, Abdel-Naser Ahmed Zohri and Enas Mahmoud Amer
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:347
  28. The isolation and characterization of a novel halophilic denitrifying marine bacterium is described. The halophilic bacterium, designated as NY-4, was isolated from soil in Yancheng City, China, and identified...

    Authors: Rongpeng Li, Xiaoli Zi, Xinfeng Wang, Xia Zhang, Haofeng Gao and Nan Hu
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:346
  29. A preliminary survey of genetic diversity among 34 commercially popular Carica papaya cultivars from India and abroad, 6 accessions of Vasconcellea species and 1 accession of Jacaratia spinosa, was done using 20 ...

    Authors: Samik Sengupta, Basabdatta Das, Manoj Prasad, Pinaki Acharyya and Tapas Kumar Ghose
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:345
  30. To evaluate the feasibility and usefulness of imipenem/cilastatin sodium (IPM/CS) as an embolic agent for intestinal bleeding from neoplasms.

    Authors: Reiko Woodhams, Hiroshi Nishimaki, Go Ogasawara, Kaoru Fujii, Takuro Yamane, Kenichiro Ishida, Fumie Kashimi, Keiji Matsunaga and Masakazu Takigawa
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:344
  31. The forced oscillation technique (FOT) is a useful tool to assess respiratory resistance and reactance during tidal breathing in patients with respiratory diseases, specifically asthma and chronic obstructive ...

    Authors: Akemi Uchida, Satoru Ito, Béla Suki, Hiroki Matsubara and Yoshinori Hasegawa
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:342
  32. Biocatalysis based effluent treatment has outclassed the presently favored physico-chemical treatments due to nil sludge production and monetary savings. Azo dyes are commonly employed in the leather industry ...

    Authors: Sadhanandam Preethi, Ayyappan Anumary, Meiyazhagan Ashokkumar and Palanisamy Thanikaivelan
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:341
  33. While artemisinin is known as anticancer medication with favorable remedial effects, its side effects must not be neglected. In order to reduce such side effects and increase artemisinin therapeutic index, nan...

    Authors: Abdolhossein Qaderi, Neda Dadgar, Hamidreza Mansouri, Seyed Ebrahim Alavi, Maedeh Koohi Moftakhari Esfahani and Azim Akbarzadeh
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:340