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Section Editor: Massoud Mahmoudi


Dr. Massoud Mahmoudi graduated from the A.T. Still University of Health Sciences/ Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine in 1994. He works in Los Gatos, CA and specializes in Allergy & Immunology and Internal Medicine. Dr. Mahmoudi is affiliated with El Camino Hospital and Good Samaritan Hospital.

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  1. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with cognitive changes and executive functions are among the cognitive domains most affected. However, it is not completely understood which of the factor...

    Authors: Zahide Yılmaz, Nuray Voyvoda, Eda İnan, Pınar Bekdik Şirinocak and Rabia Terzi
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1934
  2. Laboratory studies have demonstrated statin-induced apoptosis of cancer cells, including breast cancer cells, and evidence is accumulating on the mechanism of statin-induced apoptosis. However, despite numerou...

    Authors: Rimi Murakami, Chiehfeng Chen, Shu-Yu Lyu, Ching-En Lin, Pei-Chuan Tzeng, Tzu-Feng Wang, Juei-Chin Chang, Ying-Hua Shieh, I.-Fan Chen, Shihping Kevin Huang and Hui-Wen Lin
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1932
  3. Ankaferd Blood Stopper (ABS), a hemostatic agent of plant origin, has been registered for the prevention of clinical hemorrhages. Currently there is no data regarding the ultrastructural analysis of ABS at the...

    Authors: Emre Huri, Engin Dogantekin, Murvet Hayran, Umit Yavuz Malkan, Mine Ergun, Aysegul Firat, Yavuz Beyazit, Huseyin Ustun, Murat Kekilli, Mumtaz Dadali, Muzeyyen Astarci and Ibrahim C. Haznedaroglu
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1931
  4. Certain studies have suggested that the tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) −857 C/T polymorphism is associated with risk of ankylosing spondylitis. However, the conclusions remain controversial. Therefore, we per...

    Authors: Yong Li, Hong-Bo Tang, Jing Bian, Bin-Bin Li and Tai-Fang Gong
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1930
  5. A descriptive, retrospective and cross sectional study was conducted to assess the prescribing practices and antibiotic use patterns in the Accident and Emergency department of the Bahawal Victoria Hospital, B...

    Authors: Muhammad Atif, Muhammad Azeem, Muhammad Rehan Sarwar, Samia Shahid, Sidra Javaid, Huria Ikram, Uzma Baig and Shane Scahill
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1928
  6. Calcification of the ligamentum flavum (CLF) can cause myelopathy due to spinal cord compression. Only several cases in Caucasian patients have been described. Neurological deterioration can only be stopped by...

    Authors: Milaine Roet, Jochem K. H. Spoor, M. de Waal, Max J. Kros, Sanjay B. Harhangi and Ruben Dammers
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1927
  7. Safety of heparin bridging therapy for transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate (TRUS) biopsy in patients requiring temporary discontinuation of antithrombotic therapy is unknown. This study aimed to assess the ...

    Authors: Itsuto Hamano, Shingo Hatakeyama, Tohru Yoneyama, Yuki Tobisawa, Osamu Soma, Teppei Matsumoto, Hayato Yamamoto, Atsushi Imai, Takahiro Yoneyama, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Takuya Koie and Chikara Ohyama
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1917
  8. This study aimed to investigate the alteration of Neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the hypothalamus and its correlation with insulin, leptin and ghrelin during the development of a rat model of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

    Authors: Qing-jiu Zhang, Chang-chun Yang, Song-yun Zhang, Li-hui Zhang and Jie Li
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1913
  9. The reported survival rates of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) caused by human adenovirus (HAdV) pneumonia are poor. The results do not differ much in immunocompetent patients supporte...

    Authors: Sang Ook Ha, Hyoung Soo Kim, Sunghoon Park, Ki-Suck Jung, Seung Hun Jang, Sang Jin Han, Hyun-Sook Kim and Sun Hee Lee
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1909
  10. It has been suggested that an inadequate blood supply caused by uterine fibroids may lead to decreasing fertility. Therefore, a quantitative evaluation of blood flow in the uterus might be a good tool for infe...

    Authors: Nozomi Takahashi, Osamu Yoshino, Osamu Hiraike, Eriko Maeda, Masanobu Nakamura, Masaaki Hori, Miyuki Harada, Kaori Koga, Shigeru Saito, Tomoyuki Fujii and Yutaka Osuga
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1907
  11. To conduct a retrospective, single institutional and comparative study for radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP), high dose rate brachytherapy (HDRBT), cryoablation and high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU...

    Authors: Po Hui Chiang and Yi Yang Liu
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1905
  12. Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is secreted from bone and suppresses the absorption of phosphorus in renal proximal tubule and in intestinal tract. Therefore, the increase of serum FGF23 levels leads to hy...

    Authors: Fuminori Tatsumi, Megumi Horiya, Akihito Tanabe, Momoyo Nishioka, Yoshiro Fushimi, Junpei Sanada, Yurie Hirata, Shintaro Irie, Tomoe Kinoshita, Shinji Kamei, Masashi Shimoda, Tomoatsu Mune, Kohei Kaku and Hideaki Kaneto
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1904
  13. For skin defects caused by full-thickness burns, trauma, or tumor tissue excision, skin grafting is one of the most convenient and useful treatment methods. In this situation, graft fixation is important in sk...

    Authors: Hyun Ho Han, Daiwon Jun, Suk-Ho Moon, In Sook Kang and Min Cheol Kim
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1902
  14. To investigate the permeability of β-NGF through blood–brain-barrier (BBB) in neonatal and adult rats, and the spatial distribution of β-NGF in different brain regions in hypoxic-ischemic (HI) and normal neona...

    Authors: Wenli Zhou, Jiantao Zhang, Guangming Wang, Limian Ling and Chaoying Yan
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1893
  15. We evaluated the different climatic factors in urban and rural areas that may affect the incidence of urolithiasis. Nationwide data on urolithiasis were acquired from Health Insurance Review and Assessment Ser...

    Authors: Se Young Choi, Seo Yeon Lee, Byung Hoon Chi, Jin Wook Kim, Tae-Hyoung Kim and In Ho Chang
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1891
  16. The platelet–lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio (NLR) have been reported as prognostic factors in various cancers, but their roles in metastatic renal cell cancer (mRCC) remain unclear. We ...

    Authors: Tae Ju Park, Yang Hyun Cho, Ho Seok Chung, Eu Chang Hwang, Sung-Hoon Jung, Jun Eul Hwang, Woo Kyun Bae, Jin Woong Kim, Suk Hee Heo, Young Hoe Hur, Seung Il Jung and Dong Deuk Kwon
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1889
  17. Poverty is a global problem. The war against poverty requires not only financial support, but also poverty-related research to pinpoint areas of high need of intervention. In line with international efforts to...

    Authors: Waleed M. Sweileh, Samah W. Al-Jabi, Ansam F. Sawalha, Adham S. AbuTaha and Sa’ed H. Zyoud
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1888
  18. Patient-reported scoring systems have recently been used after surgical procedures. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the patient-reported outcomes of femoral osteotomy and total hip arthro...

    Authors: Yusuke Kubo, Takuaki Yamamoto, Goro Motomura, Kazuyuki Karasuyama, Kazuhiko Sonoda and Yukihide Iwamoto
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1880
  19. This study examined smoking-related knowledge, sources of smoking-related knowledge and its influencing factor among male urban secondary school students.

    Authors: Xianglong Xu, Cheng Chen, Abu S. Abdullah, Manoj Sharma, Hengyi Liu and Yong Zhao
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1879
  20. During oxaliplatin chemotherapy administration via a peripheral vein, vascular pain requires changing of the intravenous infusion route on occasion. Vascular pain induced by anticancer drugs reduces the rate o...

    Authors: Yoichiro Yoshida, Ai Mogi, Naoya Aisu, Teppei Yamada, Taisuke Matsuoka, Daibo Kojima, Toshiyuki Mera, Tomoko Koganemaru, Fumiaki Kiyomi, Keita Noda, Yasushi Takamatsu, Kazuo Tamura, Yuichi Yamashita and Suguru Hasegawa
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1872
  21. Numerous techniques have been introduced for the treatment of acute acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation. We aim to report the midterm results of coracoclavicular (CC) stabilization with double augmentatio...

    Authors: Sungwook Choi, Tong-Joo Lee, Myung-Ku Kim, Ji Eun Park and Hyunseong Kang
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1858
  22. Small cell carcinoma/neuroendocrine carcinoma (SCNEC) of the oropharynx is uncommon. Two cases of SCNEC in an 81-year-old woman and in a 54-year-old man are presented here.

    Authors: Kiyoshi Misawa, Hideya Kawasaki, Rieko Matsuo, Kenichi Sugiyama, Daiki Mochizuki, Shiori Endo, Atushi Imai, Yuki Misawa, Takashi Yamatodani, Kunihiro Mizuta and Hiroyuki Mineta
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1847
  23. In most patients with secundum atrial septal defects (ASD), transcatheter closure is the preferred treatment strategy, but whether device size affects clinical outcomes is unknown. We sought to study the effic...

    Authors: Matthias R. Meyer, David J. Kurz, Alain M. Bernheim, Oliver Kretschmar and Franz R. Eberli
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1841
  24. Our purpose is to examine the relationship of Health related quality of life measured by EORTC QLQc30, QLQ-LC13; FACT-L, LCSS, Eq5D) with survival in advanced lung cancer patients. A total of 299 Lung Cancer (...

    Authors: Sultan Eser, Tuncay Göksel, Ahmet Emin Erbaycu, Hakan Baydur, Burcu Başarık, Ayşen Öz Yanık, Kader Kıyar Gürsul, Pınar Çelik, Ebru Çakır Ediz, Osman Hatipoğlu, Bedriye Atay Yayla, Sevin Başer and Erhan Eser
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1833
  25. Measurement of small bowel length (SBL) is a common procedure in gastrointestinal surgery. When required, repeated SBL measurements can be done during surgery. Our aim was to evaluate whether these repeated me...

    Authors: Servet Karagul, Cuneyt Kayaalp, Serdar Kirmizi, Ali Tardu, Ismail Ertugrul, Kerem Tolan and Fatih Sumer
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1828
  26. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a zoonotic viral disease with high mortality. The agent causing CCHF is a Nairovirus. The virus is typically transmitted to humans through tick bites. CCHF is a life-t...

    Authors: Turan Aktaş, Fatma Aktaş, Zafer Özmen, Ayşegül Altunkaş, Turan Kaya and Osman Demir
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1823
  27. Intraventricular cavernous angiomas are rare pathological entities, and those located at the foramen of Monro are even rarer. We herein present a case of cavernous angioma at the foramen of Monro that was suc...

    Authors: Yuji Matsumoto, Kazuhiko Kurozumi, Yousuke Shimazu, Tomotsugu Ichikawa and Isao Date
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1820
  28. Diabetes mellitus patients are at increased risk of developing diabetic foot with peripheral neuropathy, vascular and musculoskeletal complications. Therefore they are prone to develop frequent and often foot...

    Authors: Animesh Hazari, Arun G. Maiya, K. N. Shivashankara, Ioannis Agouris, Ashma Monteiro, Radhika Jadhav, Sampath Kumar, C. G. Shashi Kumar and Shreemathi S. Mayya
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1819
  29. Ectopic pregnancy (EP) remains a major gynecological emergency and is a cause of morbidity or even mortality in women. As a consequence, top citation analysis of EP research in database of the Science Citation...

    Authors: Xue-lian Chen, Zi-ru Chen, Zhen-lan Cao, Ke Han, Ya-wen Tong, Xiao-hui Xiang and Chun-xiu Hu
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1815
  30. The AZFc deletion has been associated with wide range of phenotypes including complete absence of germ cells in the testes (SCOS), reduction in germ cells hypospermatogenesis, and maturation arrest. The main o...

    Authors: Quan Li, Ning-Hong Song, Wen-Zhou Cao, Qiang Shao, Jian-Jun Xie, Chao Liu, Ya-Min Wang and Hua Shen
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1805
  31. Inflammation has been reported to play an important role in cancer progression and various inflammatory markers have been reported to be useful prognostic markers. The aim of this retrospective study was to ev...

    Authors: Masatsune Shibutani, Kiyoshi Maeda, Hisashi Nagahara, Yasuhito Iseki, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira
    Citation: SpringerPlus 2016 5:1798