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Biomedical and Life Sciences

Page 17 of 22

  1. We previously reported increased running economy and joint range of motion (ROM) during subsequent exercise performed 48-h following strenuous exercise while wearing garments containing micro-titanium particle...

    Authors: Jonathan D. Hughes, Philip W. Fink, David F. Graham and David S. Rowlands

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:653

    Content type: Research

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  2. Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] grain yield is severely affected by abiotic and biotic stresses during post-flowering stages, which has been aggravated by climate change. New parental lines having genes for...

    Authors: Mohankumar H. Kapanigowda, Ramasamy Perumal, Maduraimuthu Djanaguiraman, Robert M. Aiken, Tesfaye Tesso, P. V. Vara Prasad and Christopher R. Little

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:650

    Content type: Research

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  3. Freestyle swimming performance over 50 m, 100 m, 200 m, 400 m, 800 m and 1,500 m was compared on short (25 m) and long (50 m) course for 92,196 national swimmers (i.e. annual high score list Switzerland) and 1,10...

    Authors: Mathias Wolfrum, Beat Knechtle, Christoph Alexander Rüst, Thomas Rosemann and Romuald Lepers

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:643

    Content type: Research

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  4. In developing countries, bacterial acute gastroenteritis continues to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality among young children. Salmonellosis constitutes a major cause of infectious enteritis worl...

    Authors: Yanina Hiriart, Maria Serradell, Araci Martínez, Sofia Sampaolesi, Dolores Gonzalez Maciel, Jose Alejandro Chabalgoity, Lucía Yim, Gabriela Algorta and Martin Rumbo

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:640

    Content type: Research

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  5. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of umbelliferon-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(2I → 1II)-α-D-glucopyranoside (UFD) from Aegle marmelos Corr. on serum glucose, lipid profile and free radical sca...

    Authors: Vikas Kumar, Danish Ahmed, Firoz Anwar, Mohammed Ali and Mohd Mujeeb

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:639

    Content type: Research

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  6. Growth rates of larval and juvenile bigeye scad Selar crumenophthalmus reared in captivity were studied. The results are presented, discussed, and compared to wild S. crumenophthalmus and other pelagic fish. S. c...

    Authors: Aaron Welch, Ronald Hoenig, John Stieglitz, Zach Daugherty, Bruno Sardenberg, Sasa Miralao, Dan Farkas and Dan Benetti

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:634

    Content type: Research

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  7. Specific anthocyanin-rich dietary factors have been shown to improve metabolic functions associated with thermogenesis in animal studies. Aronia melanocarpa, commonly known as wild chokeberry, contains a high lev...

    Authors: Keisuke Sonoda, Wataru Aoi, Tomoaki Iwata and Yanmei Li

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:626

    Content type: Research

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  8. Conventional measures such as maximum plasma concentration (C max ) and area under the concentration versus time curve (AUC) may be insufficient to fully describe the pharmacoki...

    Authors: Krishna Devarakonda, Joris Vandenbossche and Ute Richarz

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:625

    Content type: Research

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  9. Although free amino acids (FAA) account for a small fraction of total nitrogen in mammalian milk, they are more abundant in human milk than in most formulas, and may serve as a readily available source of amin...

    Authors: Véronique Ferchaud Roucher, Emmanuelle Desnots, Charlotte Naël, Aurore Martin Agnoux, Marie-Cécile Alexandre-Gouabau, Dominique Darmaun and Clair-Yves Boquien

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:622

    Content type: Research

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  10. Blood paper cards provide an effective DNA storage method. In this study, we used three DNA dissolving reagents (Tris-EDTA [TE] buffer, Tris–HCl buffer, and water) and one common commercially available kit (DN...

    Authors: Yang Song, Abrahim Fahs, Charles Feldman, Suraj Shah, Yali Gu, Yifan Wang, Roberto F Machado, Richard G Wunderink and Jiwang Chen

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:616

    Content type: Research

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  11. Histological assessments on the intestinal morphology and immunity of tiger grouper juveniles, Epinephelus fuscoguttatus help in determining the earliest age to start an oral vaccination. This study describes the...

    Authors: Mohd Firdaus-Nawi, Mohd Zamri-Saad, Nik Yusoff Nik-Haiha, Md Abu Bakar Zuki and Abd Wahid Mohd Effendy

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:611

    Content type: Research

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  12. Cockroaches are omnivorous animals that can incorporate in their diets food of different composition, including lignocellulosic materials. Digestion of these compounds is achieved by the insect’s own enzymes a...

    Authors: Danielle Bertino-Grimaldi, Marcelo N Medeiros, Ricardo P Vieira, Alexander M Cardoso, Aline S Turque, Cynthia B Silveira, Rodolpho M Albano, Suzete Bressan-Nascimento, Elói S Garcia, Wanderley de Souza, Orlando B Martins and Ednildo A Machado

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:609

    Content type: Research

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  13. Ruminal impaction is considered an important internal disease in ruminants, such as dairy cows, sheep, and goats. It has been reported that its occurrence is associated with many different causes. This study d...

    Authors: Shao-Lun Zhai, Xiao-Hui Wen, Man-Lin Luo, Dian-Hong Lv and Wen-Kang Wei

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:608

    Content type: Case study

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  14. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is the most important staple food crop in many developing countries, and is ranked third in Kenya after maize and wheat. Continuous cropping without replenishing soil nutrients is a major p...

    Authors: Mwashasha Rashid Mwajita, Hunja Murage, Akio Tani and Esther M Kahangi

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:606

    Content type: Research

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  15. This review focuses on the introduction and investigation of pangola grass as a tropical forage species especially in Thailand. Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha Steud., synonym D. decumbens) is one of recent exa...

    Authors: Kanitta Tikam, Chirawat Phatsara, Choke Mikled, Therdchai Vearasilp, Wirapon Phunphiphat, Jeerasak Chobtang, Anusorn Cherdthong and Karl-Heinz Südekum

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:604

    Content type: Review

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  16. This study investigated trends in performance and sex difference in swimming speed of elite open-water swimmers at FINA 10 km competitions (i.e. World Cup races, European Championships, World Championships and Ol...

    Authors: Pascale Vogt, Christoph Alexander Rüst, Thomas Rosemann, Romuald Lepers and Beat Knechtle

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:603

    Content type: Research

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  17. 5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is a photosensitizer used in photodynamic therapy (PDT) because it causes preferential accumulation of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) in tumor cells, where it forms singlet oxygen upon li...

    Authors: Junko Takahashi, Masaki Misawa, Mami Murakami, Takashi Mori, Kazuki Nomura and Hitoshi Iwahashi

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:602

    Content type: Research

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  18. Use of the hand is vital in working life due to the grabbing and pinching it performs. Spherical grip is the most commonly used, due to similarity to the gripping of a computer mouse. Knowledge of its executio...

    Authors: Jaime Martin-Martin and Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:591

    Content type: Research

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  19. A decrease in the lineage commitment of multipotent Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) to the bone forming osteoblast lineage and an increase in the commitment to the fat forming adipocyte lineage is more common in ...

    Authors: Faisal Ali, Yazan Ranneh, Amin Ismail and Bart Vaes

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:590

    Content type: Research

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  20. Both prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the startle response and P50 sensory gating are important tools to investigate the inhibitory mechanisms of sensory processing. However, previous studies found no or a weak as...

    Authors: Koji Inui, Aki Tsuruhara, Kei Nakagawa, Makoto Nishihara, Minori Kodaira, Eishi Motomura and Ryusuke Kakigi

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:588

    Content type: Research

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  21. Phosphorus is the second important key element after nitrogen as a mineral nutrient in terms of quantitative plant requirement. Although abundant in soils, in both organic and inorganic forms, its availability...

    Authors: Seema B Sharma, Riyaz Z Sayyed, Mrugesh H Trivedi and Thivakaran A Gobi

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:587

    Content type: Review

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  22. Ethanol tolerance is one of the important characteristics of ethanol-producing yeast. This study focused on the improvement of ethanol tolerance of Saccharomyces cerevisiae NR1 for enhancing ethanol production by...

    Authors: Sutticha Na-Ranong Thammasittirong, Thanawan Thirasaktana, Anon Thammasittirong and Malee Srisodsuk

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:583

    Content type: Research

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  23. Endophytic fungi live inside plants, apparently do not cause any harm to their hosts and may play important roles in defense and growth promotion. Fungal growth is a routine practice at microbiological laborat...

    Authors: Eliandra de Freitas Sia, Joelma Marcon, Danice Mazzer Luvizotto, Maria Carolina Quecine, Sarina Tsui, José Odair Pereira, Aline Aparecida Pizzirani-Kleiner and João Lúcio Azevedo

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:579

    Content type: Research

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  24. Five strains of Streptomyces (CAI-24, CAI-121, CAI-127, KAI-32 and KAI-90) were earlier reported by us as biological control agents against Fusarium wilt of chickpea caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceri (FO...

    Authors: Subramaniam Gopalakrishnan, Vadlamudi Srinivas, Meesala Sree Vidya and Abhishek Rathore

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:574

    Content type: Research

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  25. L-DOPA (3,4-dihydroxyphenyl-L-alanine), a modified amino acid, is an expansively used drug for the Parkinson’s disease treatment. In the present study, optimization of nutritional parameters influencing L-DOPA...

    Authors: Shrirang Appasaheb Inamdar, Shripad Nagnath Surwase, Shekhar Bhagwan Jadhav, Vishwas Anant Bapat and Jyoti Prafull Jadhav

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:570

    Content type: Research

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  26. We performed phylogenetic and sequence analysis by Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST) of a complete Human Rotavirus (HRV) genome isolated from a hospitalized child with acute gastroenteritis in Thailand.

    Authors: Apiradee Theamboonlers, Ornwalan Maiklang, Thanunrat Thongmee, Thaweesak Chieochansin, Viboonsuk Vuthitanachot and Yong Poovorawan

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:569

    Content type: Short report

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  27. The three-dimensional fold of Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) 20S proteasome is similar to yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae 20S proteasome. The twenty eight subunits complex corresponding to two copies of seven distinct...

    Authors: Settu Sridhar, Gayathri Bhat and Kunchur Guruprasad

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:566

    Content type: Research

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  28. Mad2 is a key component of the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) that delays the onset of anaphase until all kinetochores are attached to the spindle. It binds to Cdc20 and prevents it from promoting destructi...

    Authors: Toshiyuki Habu and Tomohiro Matsumoto

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:562

    Content type: Research

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  29. Crowdfunding allows the public to fund creative projects, including curiosity-driven scientific research. Last Fall, I was part of a team that raised $25,460 from an international coalition of “micropatrons” f...

    Authors: Ethan O Perlstein

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:560

    Content type: Research

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  30. Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a viral notifiable zoonotic disease primarily of domestic ruminants that causes significant socio-economic impacts. Using the 2006–07 outbreak cases, this study aimed to establish th...

    Authors: Augustino A Chengula, Robinson H Mdegela and Christopher J Kasanga

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:549

    Content type: Research

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  31. Bacillus subtilis B25 was isolated from banana rhizosphere soil. It has been confirmed for B25 to have stronger antagonism against Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.cubense, Additionally B25 has good inhibitory to plant p...

    Authors: Zhiqiong Tan, Baoying Lin and Rongyi Zhang

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:543

    Content type: Research

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  32. Cadmium (Cd) has been found as an environmental pollutant in Mae Sot district, Tak province, Thailand. Prolong exposure to high levels of Cd of the resident increases high risk of Cd toxicity especially to kid...

    Authors: Werawan Ruangyuttikarn, Amnart Panyamoon, Kowit Nambunmee, Ryumon Honda, Witaya Swaddiwudhipong and Muneko Nishijo

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:533

    Content type: Research

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  33. The objectives of this study were to examine the effect of 4-week moderate- and high-intensity interval training (MIIT and HIIT) on fat oxidation and the responses of blood lactate (BLa) and rating of perceive...

    Authors: Shaea A Alkahtani, Neil A King, Andrew P Hills and Nuala M Byrne

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:532

    Content type: Research

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  34. The present study explores the potential of directly linking phylogenetic identities obtained by cloning and sequencing of ITS sequences to dominant ribotypes of molecular community fingerprints to give furthe...

    Authors: Ann-Kathrin Liliensiek, Dwipendra Thakuria, Nicholas Clipson and Narayan C Talukdar

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:522

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  35. Hamstrings injury is a common occurrence in athletic performance. These injuries tend to occur during a deceleration or landing task suggesting the negative work may be a key component in hamstrings injury. Th...

    Authors: Johnny Padulo, Alessandra Tiloca, Douglas Powell, Giampietro Granatelli, Antonino Bianco and Antonio Paoli

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:520

    Content type: Research

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  36. The primary problem with lung sound (LS) analysis is the interference of heart sound (HS) which tends to mask important LS features. The effect of heart sound is more at medium and high flow rate than that of ...

    Authors: Ashok Mondal, Parthasarathi Bhattacharya and Goutam Saha

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:512

    Content type: Research

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  37. Proteolytic enzymes have occupied a pivotal position for their practical applications. The present study was carried out under shake flask conditions for the production of alkaline protease from Bacillus lichenif...

    Authors: Palash Kumar Sarker, Saimon Ahmad Talukdar, Promita Deb, SM Abu Sayem and Kaniz Mohsina

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:506

    Content type: Research

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  38. Acalypha manniana (Euphorbiaceae) is a plant popularly used in Cameroon and in several parts of Africa for the treatment of various microbial diseases like diarrhea and skin infections.

    Authors: Jaures AK Noumedem, Jean de Dieu Tamokou, Gerald Ngo Teke, Rosine CD Momo, Victor Kuete and Jules Roger Kuiate

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:503

    Content type: Research

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  39. As an edible fruit and source of traditional medicine, D. longan is grown in most areas of Southern China. Identification of D. longan cultivars by using molecular markers is important genetically. In this study,...

    Authors: Luquan Yang, Shelly Fu, Md Asaduzzaman Khan, Weimin Zeng and Junjiang Fu

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:501

    Content type: Research

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