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Biomedical and Life Sciences

Page 16 of 22

  1. A total of 160 genitalia of Camels and cows were investigated in Maiduguri, north-eastern Nigeria to compare bacterial isolates and the antibacterial susceptibilities of some of the isolates. Streptococcus (Str.)...

    Authors: Gideon Dauda Mshelia, Godfrey Okpaje, Yepmo Andre Casimir Voltaire and Godwin Onyeamaechi Egwu

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:91

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Commercially available preparations of cypermethrin (Clinar and Ectomin) and fenvalerate (Flytik and Ticomax, 20% E.C) were compared for their acaricidal activity against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) annulatus using...

    Authors: Reghu Ravindran, Sunil Athalathil Ramankutty, Sanis Juliet, Adarsh Krishna Thumadath Palayullaparambil, Jyothimol Gopi, Ajith Kumar Karapparambu Gopalan, Suresh Narayanan Nair and Srikanta Ghosh

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:90

    Content type: Research

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  3. A study was carried out to evaluate non genetic factors affecting milk yield and milk composition in Zimbabwean Red Dane and Jersey cattle cattle. A total of 1004 and 10 986 unedited Red Dane and Jersey 305-da...

    Authors: Godfrey Bernard Nyamushamba, Tinyiko Edward Halimani, Venancio Edward Imbayarwo-Chikosi and Bruce Tavirimirwa

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:88

    Content type: Research

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  4. This study investigated the change in sex differences across years in ultra-distance swimming performances at the 36-km ‘Maratona del Golfo Capri-Napoli’ race held from 1954 to 2013. Changes in swimming perfor...

    Authors: Christoph Alexander Rüst, Romuald Lepers, Thomas Rosemann and Beat Knechtle

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:86

    Content type: Research

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  5. The modified truncated Bt-cry1Ab gene of Bacillus thuringiensis has been used for the development and selection of over expressing transgenic events in a commercially important variety of tomato (Solanum lycopers...

    Authors: Bhupendra Koul, Sugandha Srivastava, Indraneel Sanyal, Bhuminath Tripathi, Vinay Sharma and Devindra Vijay Amla

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:84

    Content type: Research

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  6. Through their long history of public service, diverse microbial Biological Resource Centres (mBRCs) have made myriad contributions to society and science. They have enabled the maintenance of specimens isolate...

    Authors: David Smith, Kevin McCluskey and Erko Stackebrandt

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:81

    Content type: Review

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  7. Stem cells have emerged as important players in the generation and maintenance of many tissues. However, the accurate in vitro simulation of the native stem cell niche remains difficult due at least in part to th...

    Authors: Xuan Meng, Patrick Leslie, Yanping Zhang and Jiahong Dong

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:80

    Content type: Review

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  8. Extraction of high-quality RNA is a crucial step in gene expression profiling. To achieve optimal RNA extraction from frozen blood, the performance of three RNA extraction kits- TRI reagent, PAXgene blood RNA ...

    Authors: Jin-Hee Kim, Hyeon-Ok Jin, Jin-Ah Park, Yoon Hwan Chang, Young Jun Hong and Jin Kyung Lee

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:76

    Content type: Research

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  9. Protection against biological material entering a country or region through airports is important because, through them, infectious agents can quickly reach exotic destinations and be disseminated. Illegal pro...

    Authors: Cristiano Barros de Melo, Marcos Eielson Pinheiro de Sá, Flaviane Faria Alves, Concepta McManus, Lucas Fernandes Aragão, Bruno Benin Belo, Paulo Ricardo Campani, Antonio Cavalcanti da Matta Ribeiro, Christina Isoldi Seabra and Luiza Seixas

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:69

    Content type: Research

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  10. The once bred ewe slaughter method proposes the use of female lamb to produce a lamb and then both are slaughtered, increasing income and high quality meat production. Thus, this study evaluated the growth and...

    Authors: Alessandra Ferreira da Silva, Concepta McManus, Tiago do Prado Paim, Bruno Stéfano Lima Dallago, Geisa Isilda Ferreira Esteves, Helder Louvandini, José Braccini Neto and Carolina Madeira Lucci

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:66

    Content type: Research

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  11. Fibrinolytic enzymes are agents that dissolve fibrin clots. These fibrinolytic agents have potential use to treat cardiovascular diseases, such as heart attack and stroke. In the present article, a fibrinolyti...

    Authors: Ponnuswamy Vijayaraghavan and Samuel Gnana Prakash Vincent

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:60

    Content type: Research

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  12. Humoral response against hepatitis C virus linear epitopes is partly modified according to the disease state. This study highlights the importance of considering relative quantities of antibodies with differen...

    Authors: Carine Brakha, Philippe Arvers, Florent Villiers, Alice Marlu, Arnaud Buhot, Thierry Livache, Roberto Calemczuk, Jean-Pierre Zarski, Christian L Villiers, Patrice N Marche and Marie-Bernadette Villiers

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:56

    Content type: Research

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  13. Twenty-four yearling male local Washera lambs with an average initial body weight of 18.14 ± 1.07 kg were used to assess the nutritional value of Millettia ferruginea. Experimental animals were grouped into si...

    Authors: Berhanu Alemu, Getachew Animut and Adugna Tolera

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:50

    Content type: Research

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  14. The Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) is commonly used to estimate the similarity between quantitative measures obtained from different sources. Overdispersed data is traditionally transformed so that l...

    Authors: Sharif S Aly, Jianyang Zhao, Ben Li and Jiming Jiang

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:40

    Content type: Research

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  15. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of different levels of pumpkin on the quality characteristics of chicken sausages. The pumpkin was incorporated at three different levels viz. 6, 12 and ...

    Authors: Fayaz Ahmed Zargar, Sunil Kumar, Zuhaib Fayaz Bhat and Pavan Kumar

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:39

    Content type: Research

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  16. The discovery of a novel yeast with a natural capacity to produce ethanol from lignocellulosic substrates (second-generation ethanol) is of great significance for bioethanol technology. While there are some ye...

    Authors: Alexandre Libanio Silva Reis, Raquel de Fátima Rodrigues de Souza, Rochane Regina Neves Baptista Torres, Fernanda Cristina Bezerra Leite, Patrícia Maria Guedes Paiva, Esteban Espinosa Vidal and Marcos Antonio de Morais Jr

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:38

    Content type: Research

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  17. In an attempt to find a thermostable xylanase enzyme for potential application in the pretreatment prior to H2O2 bleaching of paper pulp for industry, an extracellular xylanase from Aureobasidium pullulans CBS 13...

    Authors: Wichanee Bankeeree, Pongtharin Lotrakul, Sehanat Prasongsuk, Somporn Chaiareekij, Douglas E Eveleigh, Seung Wook Kim and Hunsa Punnapayak

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:37

    Content type: Research

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  18. Physiological conditions in humans affect plasma amino acid profiles that might have potential for medical use. Because the branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) leucine, isoleucine and valine are used as medicin...

    Authors: Takuya Matsumoto, Koichi Nakamura, Hideki Matsumoto, Ryosei Sakai, Tomomi Kuwahara, Yoshihiro Kadota, Yasuyuki Kitaura, Juichi Sato and Yoshiharu Shimomura

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:35

    Content type: Research

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  19. Both, second generation perfluorochemicals (Oxycyte®) and hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) have been shown to reduce necrotic tissue volume if administered early after experimental cerebral ischemia. With the idea of e...

    Authors: Ulf C Schneider, Tobias Karutz, Lothar Schilling and Johannes Woitzik

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:32

    Content type: Research

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  20. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of hydrolysed cassava peel inclusion as a replacement for maize in broiler chicken feedstuff on the histology of the internal organs of broiler chickens. ...

    Authors: Adeyemi Isaiah Adeyemo, Alhassan Sani, Temitayo Abosede Aderibigbe, Muhammed Ola Abdurrasheed and James Oludare Agbolade

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:31

    Content type: Research

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  21. The high mortalities registered in the larval stage during octopus culturing are mainly due to nutritional deficiencies of the food provided. To understand the cause of this problem, we studied the ontogenetic...

    Authors: Diana Judith López-Peraza, Mónica Hernández-Rodríguez and Benjamín Barón-Sevilla

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:22

    Content type: Research

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  22. Xylanase gene isolated from Bacillus brevis was expressed in E. coli BL21. Sequencing of the gene (Gen Bank accession number: HQ179986) showed that it belongs to family 11 xylanases. The recombinant xylanase was ...

    Authors: Girish K Goswami, Medichtrla Krishnamohan, Vikrant Nain, Chetana Aggarwal and Bandarupalli Ramesh

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:20

    Content type: Research

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  23. The resistance of Aspergillus species to antifungal is increasingly reported and the knowledge of the local epidemiology and antifungal susceptibility pattern is pivotal to define adequate treatment policies. Our...

    Authors: Soukeina Gheith, Fatma Saghrouni, Wadiaa Bannour, Yosra Ben Youssef, Abderrahim Khelif, Anne-Cécile Normand, Renaud Piarroux, Moncef Ben Said, Mansour Njah and Stéphane Ranque

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:19

    Content type: Research

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  24. Magnaporthe oryzae (M. oryzae) is a fungal pathogen and the causal agent of rice blast disease. Previous lipidomics analysis of M. oryzae demonstrated that trehalose, a carbohydrate common to various fungi and al...

    Authors: Yangkui Xue, Guanghou Shui and Markus R Wenk

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:18

    Content type: Research

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  25. A recent criticism of social epidemiological studies, and multi-level studies in particular has been a paucity of theory. We will present here the protocol for a study that aims to build a theory of the social...

    Authors: John G Eastwood, Bin B Jalaludin and Lynn A Kemp

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:12

    Content type: Methodology

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  26. Here, we report the information about molecular and expression characterization of NR1 gene in chum salmon for the first time. The complete NR1 subunit showed a large open-reading frame of 2844 bp in the total...

    Authors: Jeong-Nam Yu, Seung Hyub Ham, Seung Il Lee, Hyung-Joo Jin, Hiroshi Ueda and Deuk-Hee Jin

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:9

    Content type: Research

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  27. In India, six landscapes and source populations that are important for long-term conservation of Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris tigris) have been identified. Except for a few studies, nothing is known regarding t...

    Authors: Sudhanshu Mishra, Sujeet Kumar Singh, Ashok Kumar Munjal, Jouni Aspi and Surendra Prakash Goyal

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Mitochondrial dysfunctions accompany several neurodegenerative disorders and contribute to disease pathogenesis among others in Parkinson’s disease (PD). Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivato...

    Authors: Johanna Mäkelä, Timofey V. Tselykh, Francesca Maiorana, Ove Eriksson, Hai Thi Do, Giuseppa Mudò, Laura T. Korhonen, Natale Belluardo and Dan Lindholm

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2014 3:2

    Content type: Research

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  29. Levels of free D-amino acids were compared in 11 vinegars produced from different sources or through different manufacturing processes. To analyze the D- and L-amino acids, the enantiomers were initially converte...

    Authors: Yuta Mutaguchi, Taketo Ohmori, Hirofumi Akano, Katsumi Doi and Toshihisa Ohshima

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:691

    Content type: Research

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  30. Vacuolar ATPase (V-ATPase) of Enterococcus hirae is composed of a soluble functional domain V1 (A3B3DF) and an integral membrane domain Vo (ac), where V1 and Vo domains are connected by a central stalk, composed ...

    Authors: Md Jahangir Alam, Ichiro Yamato, Satoshi Arai, Shinya Saijo, Kenji Mizutani, Yoshiko Ishizuka-Katsura, Noboru Ohsawa, Takaho Terada, Mikako Shirouzu, Shigeyuki Yokoyama, So Iwata, Yoshimi Kakinuma and Takeshi Murata

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:689

    Content type: Research

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  31. The aim of this paper is to understand how to measure the VO2 and VCO2 variabilities in indirect calorimetry (IC) since we believe they can explain the high variation in the resting energy expenditure (REE) estim...

    Authors: Miguel Cadena-Méndez, Boris Escalante-Ramírez, Joaquín Azpiroz-Leehan and Oscar Infante-Vázquez

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:688

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. This study aims to investigate the application of a fast electronic nose system (Cyranose 320) for detecting foodborne bacteria. The system proved to be very efficient in detecting microbes in beef and sausage...

    Authors: Soad A Abdallah, Laila A Al-Shatti, Ali F Alhajraf, Noura Al-Hammad and Bashayer Al-Awadi

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:687

    Content type: Research

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  33. Human tuberculosis (TB), a chronic inflammatory disease is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a facultative intramacrophage pathogen. The highly complex interactions between mycobacteria and macrophages (MΦs),...

    Authors: Prati Pal Singh and Amit Goyal

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:686

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. This study investigated the changes in performance and sex difference in performance of the world best triathletes at the ITU (International Triathlon Union) World Triathlon Series (i.e. 1.5 km swimming, 40 km cy...

    Authors: Christoph Alexander Rüst, Romuald Lepers, Michael Stiefel, Thomas Rosemann and Beat Knechtle

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:685

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of parenteral administration of L-arginine (Arg) to well-fed twin-bearing ewes from day (d) 100 of pregnancy to birth on fetal growth, body composition a...

    Authors: Sue McCoard, Francisco Sales, Nina Wards, Quentin Sciascia, Mark Oliver, John Koolaard and Danitsja van der Linden

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:684

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of acute moderate-intensity exercise on serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in healthy young Japanese men. BDNF is one of a family of ne...

    Authors: Akio Goda, Shohei Ohgi, Kazuhiro Kinpara, Kenta Shigemori, Kanji Fukuda and Eric B Schneider

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:678

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. The increasing prevalence of environmental pollution, especially soil contamination with heavy metals has led to their uptake in the human food chains through plant parts. Accumulation and magnification of hea...

    Authors: Alpana Kulhari, Arun Sheorayan, Somvir Bajar, Susheel Sarkar, Ashok Chaudhury and Rajwant K. Kalia

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:676

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Different protocols are usually used for extracting total deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) from different plant species of same order and DNA of the associated viruses. Here, we describe a rapid, efficient and univ...

    Authors: Khumallambam Devala Devi, Kshetrimayum Punyarani, Nandeibam Samarjit Singh and Huidrom Sunitibala Devi

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:669

    Content type: Research

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  39. The cold stress biology of psychrotrophic Pseudomonas strains isolated from the rhizosphere of Himalayan plants have been explored to evaluate their cryotolerance characteristcs. Pseudomonas strains were examined...

    Authors: Shekhar Chandra Bisht, Gopal Kishna Joshi, Shafiul Haque and Pankaj Kumar Mishra

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:667

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. In this article a quantitative analysis was devised assessing driver’s cognition responses by exploring the neurobiological information underlying electroencephalographic (EEG) brain signals in a left and righ...

    Authors: Mitra Taghizadeh-Sarabi, Kavous Salehzadeh Niksirat, Sohrab Khanmohammadi and Mohammadali Nazari

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:662

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. The interaction between whey carrier protein β-lactoglobulin B and (-)-epicatechin, a major dietary flavonoid with a wide range of health-promoting biological activities, was investigated by Fourier transform inf...

    Authors: Alessandro Nucara, Paola Maselli, Valeria Giliberti and Marina Carbonaro

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:661

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V (GnT-V), an enzyme with a key role in the branching of asparagine-linked oligosaccharides, is strongly linked to tumor invasion and metastasis of many solid tumors. Here we se...

    Authors: Kahori Seto, Fumihiko Uchida, Osamu Baba, Masanobu Yamatoji, Rei Karube, Eiji Warabi, Satoshi Sakai, Shogo Hasegawa, Kenji Yamagata, Toru Yanagawa, Kojiro Onizawa, Eiji Miyoshi, Junichi Shoda and Hiroki Bukawa

    Citation: SpringerPlus 2013 2:657

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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