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Table 4 Causal relationships: total, direct and indirect effects

From: Training and business performance: the mediating role of absorptive capacities

Direct effects Path coefficient (β) Point estimate t-value (bootstrap) Percentile 95% confidence intervals Support
Lower Upper
Total and indirect effects/mediation hypotheses
(a) Model A (SRMR cfm = 0.073)
 Total effect of Training on O. Performance (c) (Model A: model with total effect) 0.5723***   8.3753 0.4439 0.7151 Yes
(b) Model B (SRMR cfm = 0.068)
  Training → O. Performance = c’ (direct effect of Training on O. Performance) −0.0836ns   0.6174 −0.3278 0.2025 Not
 H1 = Training → ACAP → O. Performance = a 1 b 1 (via ACAP) (total indirect effect of Training on O. Performance)   0.6164   0.4659 0.7522 Yes
  H2 = Training → ACAP = a 1 0.7737***   21.4803 0.7003 0.8416 Yes
  H3 = ACAP → O. Performance = b 1 0.7967***   7.8783 0.5721 0.9753 Yes
  1. ACAP absorptive capacity, O. Performance organizational performance
  2. t(0.05, 4999) = 1.645158499, t(0.01, 4999) = 2.327094067, t(0.001, 4999) = 3.091863446
  3. *** p < 0.001, ns not significant (based on t (4999), one-tailed test)