# Table 3 Comparison of adjusted mean number of family meals per week and adjusted mean number of minutes in family meals per day from an analysis of covariance

Characteristic Family meals
Mean number of meals per week (SE) p value Mean number of minutes per day (SE) p value
Age of parent
<40 years (n = 54) 12.0 (1.1) 0.73 120.3 (17.7) 0.07
40 years or older (n = 31) 12.4 (1.1)   90.9 (17.1)
Parent gender
Female (n = 77) 12.1 (0.8) 0.93 78.9 (11.5) 0.04
Male (n = 8) 12.2 (1.7)   132.3 (25.9)
Child gender
Female (n = 47) 11.6 (1.1) 0.22 121.0 (16.4) 0.04
Male (n = 38) 12.8 (1.2)   90.2 (17.6)
3rd or 4th (n = 48) 12.1 (1.1) 0.85 96.4 (17.5) 0.21
5th or 6th (n = 37) 12.3 (1.1)   114.8 (16.5)
Race/ethnicity
White (n = 13) 13.2 (1.6) 0.63 97.0 (23.9) 0.11
Black (n = 38) 11.6 (1.2)   135.7 (18.4)
Hispanic (n = 24) 11.2 (1.2)   98.8 (18.8)
Multi-racial/other (n = 10) 12.7 (1.6)   90.9 (24.1)
Born in the U.S.
Yes (n = 51) 11.2 (1.0) 0.08 76.2 (15.8) <0.001
No (n = 34) 13.1 (1.2)   135.0 (18.8)
Marital status
Single/separated/divorced (n = 42) 11.4 (1.1) 0.19 126.7 (17.0) 0.02
Married/living with partner (n = 43) 12.9 (1.2)   84.4 (18.3)
Number of caretakers in household
Single-parent (n = 26) 12.8 (1.4) 0.29 87.5 (21.0) 0.06
Multiple caretakers (n = 59) 11.5 (0.9)   123.7 (14.5)
Number of siblings in household
0 (n = 19) 12.0 (1.2) 0.08 100.8 (18.5) 0.47
1 (n = 26) 10.2 (1.2)   93.4 (17.8)
2 (n = 23) 13.6 (1.4)   103.1 (21.4)
3 or more (n = 17) 12.8 (1.4)   125.1 (21.4)
Education
High school/GED or less (n = 38) 12.5 (1.2) 0.46 91.5 (18.3) 0.07
Some college or more (n = 47) 11.8 (1.0)   119.7 (15.9)
Household income in U.S. dollars
≤14,999 (n = 27) 12.1 (1.2) 0.55 109.1 (17.6) 0.73
15,000–49,999 (n = 33) 11.0 (1.1)   99.9 (16.9)
≥50,000 (n = 20) 13.2 (1.3)   122.1 (19.8)
Not reported (n = 5) 12.4 (2.1)   91.2 (32.5)
1. Adjusting for all variables listed in the table
2. SE standard error