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Table 3 Comparison of adjusted mean number of family meals per week and adjusted mean number of minutes in family meals per day from an analysis of covariance

From: Sociodemographic characteristics associated with frequency and duration of eating family meals: a cross-sectional analysis

Characteristic Family meals
Mean number of meals per week (SE) p value Mean number of minutes per day (SE) p value
Age of parent
 <40 years (n = 54) 12.0 (1.1) 0.73 120.3 (17.7) 0.07
 40 years or older (n = 31) 12.4 (1.1)   90.9 (17.1)  
Parent gender
 Female (n = 77) 12.1 (0.8) 0.93 78.9 (11.5) 0.04
 Male (n = 8) 12.2 (1.7)   132.3 (25.9)  
Child gender
 Female (n = 47) 11.6 (1.1) 0.22 121.0 (16.4) 0.04
 Male (n = 38) 12.8 (1.2)   90.2 (17.6)  
Child grade
 3rd or 4th (n = 48) 12.1 (1.1) 0.85 96.4 (17.5) 0.21
 5th or 6th (n = 37) 12.3 (1.1)   114.8 (16.5)  
Race/ethnicity
 White (n = 13) 13.2 (1.6) 0.63 97.0 (23.9) 0.11
 Black (n = 38) 11.6 (1.2)   135.7 (18.4)  
 Hispanic (n = 24) 11.2 (1.2)   98.8 (18.8)  
 Multi-racial/other (n = 10) 12.7 (1.6)   90.9 (24.1)  
Born in the U.S.
 Yes (n = 51) 11.2 (1.0) 0.08 76.2 (15.8) <0.001
 No (n = 34) 13.1 (1.2)   135.0 (18.8)  
Marital status
 Single/separated/divorced (n = 42) 11.4 (1.1) 0.19 126.7 (17.0) 0.02
 Married/living with partner (n = 43) 12.9 (1.2)   84.4 (18.3)  
Number of caretakers in household
 Single-parent (n = 26) 12.8 (1.4) 0.29 87.5 (21.0) 0.06
 Multiple caretakers (n = 59) 11.5 (0.9)   123.7 (14.5)  
Number of siblings in household
 0 (n = 19) 12.0 (1.2) 0.08 100.8 (18.5) 0.47
 1 (n = 26) 10.2 (1.2)   93.4 (17.8)  
 2 (n = 23) 13.6 (1.4)   103.1 (21.4)  
 3 or more (n = 17) 12.8 (1.4)   125.1 (21.4)  
Education
 High school/GED or less (n = 38) 12.5 (1.2) 0.46 91.5 (18.3) 0.07
 Some college or more (n = 47) 11.8 (1.0)   119.7 (15.9)  
Household income in U.S. dollars
 ≤14,999 (n = 27) 12.1 (1.2) 0.55 109.1 (17.6) 0.73
 15,000–49,999 (n = 33) 11.0 (1.1)   99.9 (16.9)  
 ≥50,000 (n = 20) 13.2 (1.3)   122.1 (19.8)  
 Not reported (n = 5) 12.4 (2.1)   91.2 (32.5)  
  1. Adjusting for all variables listed in the table
  2. SE standard error