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Table 6 Descriptive statistics for the study variables (outpatient analysis, age 18−)

From: Thailand’s universal coverage scheme and its impact on health-seeking behavior

Variables Sick group (n = 2641) Non-sick group (n = 12,849) Overall group (n = 15,490)
Mean or percent Std. Dev Mean or percent Std. Dev Mean or percent Std. Dev
Health-seeking behavior
No care 7.35%      
Informal care 19.99%      
Designated facility care 49.26%      
Non-designated facility care 23.40%      
OOP payment
Informal care 76.21 104.50     
Designated facility care 43.01 399.61     
Non-designated facility care 397.04 601.32     
Income 8792.35 10,932.72 8399.29 10,003.72 8466.31 10,168.82
Income (log transformed) 8.73 0.90 8.63 1.15 8.65 1.11
Age 6.98 4.94 9.43 4.98 9.01 5.06
Gender
Male 50.74%   50.57%   50.60%  
Female 49.26%   49.43%   49.40%  
Dual coverage
Yes 4.92%   4.08%   4.22%  
No 95.08%   95.92%   95.78%  
Region
Urban 46.61%   51.82%   50.93%  
Rural 53.39%   48.18%   49.07%  
  1. Std. Dev, standard deviation; OOP Payment, out-of-pocket payment; Median (interquartile range Q1–Q3) of out-of-pocket payment for informal care = 50 (20–100); Median (interquartile range Q1–Q3) of out-of-pocket payment for designated facility care = 0 (0–0); Median (interquartile range Q1–Q3) of out-of-pocket payment for non-designated facility care = 300 (190–450); Median (interquartile range Q1–Q3) of income for sick group = 6368.67 (3868.25–10,392.30)