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Table 4 Results of MLR outpatient analysis (Sick group, age 18+) (n = 10,363)

From: Thailand’s universal coverage scheme and its impact on health-seeking behavior

Variables No care Informal care Non-designated facility care
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Income (log transformed) 0.985 (0.938, 1.033) 1.195 (1.130, 1.264)* 1.324 (1.226, 1.431)*
Age 0.995 (0.990, 1.001) 0.995 (0.990, 0.999)* 0.994 (0.989, 1.000)
Gender female (vs. Male) 0.921 (0.803, 1.056) 1.021 (0.907, 1.149) 1.209 (1.047, 1.396)*
Education
 College or above 1.000   1.000   1.000  
 Primary school or below 0.738 (0.475, 1.146) 0.874 (0.600, 1.273) 0.521 (0.357, 0.758)*
 Middle or high school 0.817 (0.520, 1.284) 0.945 (0.644, 1.387) 0.683 (0.465, 1.003)
Marital status
 Married 1.000   1.000   1.000  
 Single 1.312 (1.048, 1.644)* 1.049 (0.858, 1.283) 0.985 (0.774, 1.254)
 Divorced/widowed/separated 1.169 (0.983, 1.389) 1.238 (1.067, 1.436)* 0.991 (0.827, 1.187)
Employment status yes (vs. no) 1.134 (0.967, 1.329) 1.151 (1.004, 1.320)* 1.236 (1.052, 1.454)*
Dual coverage yes (vs. no) 1.798 (1.287, 2.512)* 1.626 (1.220, 2.167)* 3.793 (2.931, 4.908)*
Chronic status yes (vs. no) 0.200 (0.173, 0.230)* 0.114 (0.101, 0.129)* 0.425 (0.366, 0.495)*
Region rural (vs. urban) 1.513 (1.322, 1.731)* 0.994 (0.887, 1.114) 0.950 (0.829, 1.090)
Pearson’s goodness-of-fit test
Chi square (df) = 30,567.910 (30,270)
p value = 0.113
  1. Reference = designated facility care
  2. OR odds ratio, 95% CI 95% confidence interval
  3. * p value < 0.05