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Table 3 Descriptive statistics for the study variables (inpatient analysis, age 18+)

From: Thailand’s universal coverage scheme and its impact on health-seeking behavior

Variables Sick group (n = 2135) Non-sick group (n = 38,206) Overall group (n = 40,521)
Mean or percent Std. Dev Mean or percent Std. Dev Mean or percent Std. Dev
Health-seeking behavior
Designated facility care 91.75%      
Non-designated facility care 8.25%      
OOP payment (per day)
Designated facility care 185.37 958.18     
Non-designated facility care 6614.80 11,797.00     
Length of stay
Designated facility care 6.27 9.81     
Non-designated facility care 4.41 8.77     
Income 8421.74 20,101.62 9168.99 11,363.87 9126.30 12,036.01
Income (log transformed) 8.55 1.21 8.71 1.13 8.70 1.13
Age 51.39 18.99 47.20 16.61 47.44 16.79
Gender
Male 38.57%   46.73%   46.26%  
Female 61.43%   53.27%   53.74%  
Education
Primary school or below 72.10%   67.31%   67.58%  
Middle or high school 24.06%   28.36%   28.12%  
College or above 3.84%   4.33%   4.30%  
Marital status
Single 8.90%   17.83%   17.32%  
Married 70.58%   66.72%   66.94%  
Divorced/widowed/separated 20.52%   15.45%   15.74%  
Employment status
Yes 55.51%   74.45%   73.36%  
No 44.49%   25.55%   26.64%  
Dual coverage
Yes 6.70%   4.45%   4.58%  
No 93.30%   95.55%   95.42%  
Chronic status
Yes 50.93%   23.08%   24.67%  
No 49.07%   76.92%   75.33%  
Region
Urban 50.15%   51.55%   51.47%  
Rural 49.85%   48.45%   48.53%  
  1. Std. Dev, standard deviation; OOP Payment, out-of-pocket payment; Median (interquartile range Q1–Q3) of out-of-pocket payment for designated facility care = 0 (0–6); Median (interquartile range Q1–Q3) of out-of-pocket payment for non-designated facility care = 4285.71 (66.67–8333.17); Median (interquartile range Q1–Q3) of length of stay for designated facility care = 3 (2–6); Median (interquartile range Q1–Q3) of length of stay for non-designated facility care = 3 (2–4); Median (interquartile range Q1-Q3) of income for sick group = 5773.503 (3265.99–9814.96)