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Table 1 Material simulation parameters

From: Calculation of recovery plasticity in multistage hot forging under isothermal conditions

Simulation parameters Values
Young’s modulus (GPa) 206
Poisson’s ratio 0.3
Yield function type Von Mises
Hardening rule Isotropic
Flow stress \(\overline{\sigma } = \overline{\sigma } (\overline{e} ,\mathop {\overline{e} }\limits^{ \bullet } ,T)\)
Mesh number of billet 10,000
Minimum mesh width (mm) 0.7