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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients undergoing transcatheter ASD closure

From: Efficacy and safety of transcatheter closure in adults with large or small atrial septal defects

  All patients (n = 107) Large device group (n = 41) Small device group (n = 66) p value
Demographic characteristics
 Age (years) 48.9 ± 15.6 48.9 ± 14.7 48.9 ± 16.3 0.99
 Gender (female), n (%) 61 (57) 22 (54) 39 (59) 0.69
Medical history, n (%)
 NYHA I 65 (61) 26 (63) 39 (59) 0.69
 NYHA II 32 (30) 11 (27) 21 (32) 0.67
 NYHA III 9 (8) 3 (7) 6 (9) 1.00
 NYHA IV 1 (1) 1 (2) 0 (0) 0.38
 Atrial fibrillation 13 (12) 7 (17) 6 (9) 0.24
 Right axis deviation on ECG 11 (9) 8 (20) 2 (3) 0.007
 Arterial hypertension 26 (24) 10 (24) 16 (24) 1.00
 Diabetes mellitus 4 (4) 3 (7) 1 (2) 0.16
 Dyslipidemia 20 (19) 6 (15) 14 (21) 0.45
 Stroke/TIA 23 (21) 5 (12) 18 (27) 0.09
ASD characteristics
 Defect size (mm) 24 (16, 27) 27 (24, 34) 19 (14, 24) <0.0001
 Multiple defects, n (%) 9 (8) 3 (7) 6 (9) 1.00
 Device size (mm) 24 (18, 28) 30 (26, 34) 20 (16, 24) <0.0001
  1. Data are given as mean ± standard deviation or median (inter-quartile range) where appropriate. p values were calculated based on statistical comparison of the large and small device groups
  2. NYHA New York Heart Association functional class, ECG electrocardiogram, TIA transient ischemic attack