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Table 3 Results of MANOVA multivariate tests for rice samples of three climatic zones and two rice types (white and red)

From: Trace elements in native and improved paddy rice from different climatic regions of Sri Lanka: implications for public health

Test Value F Hypothesis d.f. Error d.f. Sig.
Climatic zones
Pillai’s Trace 0.564 3.837 36.000 352.000 0.000
Wilks’ Lambda 0.508 3.916a 36.000 350.000 0.000
Hotelling’s Trace 0.826 3.994 36.000 348.000 0.000
Roy’s largest root 0.584 5.713b 18.000 176.000 0.000
Rice type
Pillai’s Trace 0.230 2.906a 18.000 175.000 0.000
Wilks’ Lambda 0.770 2.906a 18.000 175.000 0.000
Hotelling’s Trace 0.299 2.906a 18.000 175.000 0.000
Roy’s largest root 0.299 2.906a 18.000 175.000 0.000
  1. aExact statistic
  2. bThe statistic is an upper bound on F that yields a lower bound on the significance level