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Table 2 Descriptive physical activity characteristics of the studied participants and the comparisons between genders and type of practice

From: Weekly physical activity patterns of university students: Are athletes more active than non-athletes?

  Athletes (n = 33) Non-athletes (n = 93) p value Effect size
Women (n = 73)
 Number of steps per day 9257.86 (4791.81) 8219.50 (38,578.58)* 0.053 0.007
 CI (95 %) (8271.74–10,243.97) (7849.71–8589.29)   No effect
 Effect size 0.002 No effect 0.019 No effect   
 Sedentary time (min/day) 730.22 (138.22) 773.44 (158.18) 0.040 0.008
 CI (95 %) (691.64–768.81) (758.97–787.91)   No effect
 Effect size 0.001 No effect 0.005 No effect   
 Light PA (min/day) 314.05 (75.78) 281.79 (82.05) 0.003 0.017
 CI (95 %) (293.92–334.18) (274.24–289.34)   No effect
 Effect size 0.001 No effect 0.001 No effect   
 Moderate PA (min/day) 47.57 (41.31) 42.86 (32.35)* 0.297 0.002
 CI (95 %) (39.26–55.88) (39.74–45.97)   No effect
 Effect size 0.003 No effect 0.027 No effect   
 Vigorous PA (min/day) 4.35 (6.72) 1.08 (2.79)* 0.001 0.086
 CI (95 %) (3.48–5.22) (0.75–1.40)   Minimum effect
 Effect size 0.002 No effect 0.071 Minimum effect   
Men (n = 53)
 Number of steps per day 10,228.30 (8723.13) 9597.47 (5122.31)* 0.446 0.002
 CI (95 %) (9255.40–11,201.20) (8296.01–10,898.92)   No effect
 Effect size 0.002 No effect 0.019 No effect   
 Sedentary time (min/day) 737.94 (202.62) 746.52 (165.26) 0.677 0.001
 CI (95 %) (713.71–762.17) (714.11–778.93)   No effect
 Effect size 0.001 No effect 0.005 No effect   
 Light PA (min/day) 311.02 (114.74) 276.65 (88.00) 0.003 0.024
 CI (95 %) (297.51–324.52) (258.59–294.72)   No effect
 Effect size 0.001 No effect 0.001 No effect   
 Moderate PA (min/day) 52.93 (42.61) 56.66 (43.33)* 0.422 0.002
 CI (95 %) (47.46–58.39) (49.35–63.97)   No effect
 Effect size 0.003 No effect 0.027 No effect   
 Vigorous PA (min/day) 5.17 (8.65) 3.71 (6.63)* 0.091 0.008
 CI (95 %) (4.15–6.19) (2.35–5.07)   No effect
 Effect size 0.002 No effect 0.071 Minimum effect   
  1. * Statistically differences between men and women for a p value <0.05