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Table 1 Comparison of pricing methods in Turkey and certain other countries (Mossialos et al. 2004)

From: Comparison of pharmaceutical pricing and reimbursement systems in Turkey and certain EU countries

Country Market Direct price controls Use of international price comparisons Margin controls Reference pricing
France Original Yes Yes No No
  Generic No Yes No Yes
Greece Original Yes Yes No Yes
  Generic Yes Yes No Yes
Italy Original Yes Yes No No
  Generic No Yes No Yes
Portugal Original Yes Yes No No
  Generic No Yes No Yes
Spain Original Yes Yes No No
  Generic No Yes No Yes
United Kingdom Original No No Yes Available for drugs excluded from PPRS
  Generic Yes No No Available for drugs excluded from PPRS
Turkey Original Yes Yes No Yes
  Generic Yes Yes No Yes