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Table 1 Effect of curcumin on glucose, insulin, lipid profile and renal markers in blood of control and experimental rats

From: Multivariate analysis and molecular interaction of curcumin with PPARγ in high fructose diet induced insulin resistance in rats

Biochemical parameters Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dl) 109.53 ± 9.08 207.63 ± 9.90* 108.64 ± 7.86 114.11 ± 12.74#
Fasting insulin (µU/ml) 0.17 ± 0.02 0.99 ± 0.14* 0.24 ± 0.02 0.33 ± 0.02#
Total Cholesterol (mg/dl) 142.16 ± 41.23 263.33 ± 36.14* 175.83 ± 28 162.16 ± 26.23#
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 106.5 ± 8.19 269.16 ± 28.18* 99.66 ± 13.1 102.66 ± 18.99#
HDL (mg/dl) 47.16 ± 11.73 37.5 ± 13.69* 82.66 ± 16.08 95.16 ± 18.87#
LDL (mg/dl) 73.7 ± 33.08 172 ± 43.3* 73.23 ± 40.39 46.46 ± 34.45#
VLDL (mg/dl) 21.5 ± 1.54 53.83 ± 5.63* 19.93 ± 2.62 20.53 ± 3.79#
Total protein (g/dl) 11.83 ± 0.55 9.14 ± 0.90* 11.08 ± 0.78 10.90 ± 0.47#
Albumin (g/dl) 3.33 ± 0.17 2.19 ± 0.19* 3.30 ± 0.28 3.41 ± 0.32#
Urea (mg/dl) 10.79 ± 1.49 16.11 ± 3.60* 10.83 ± 1.22 10.37 ± 0.93#
Uric acid (mg/dl) 12.05 ± 3.75 22.90 ± 6.10* 12.99 ± 3.93 13.03 ± 0.62#
Creatinine (mg/dl) 0.81 ± 0.01 1.12 ± 0.13* 0.87 ± 0.02 0.82 ± 0.07#
  1. Values are represented as mean ± SD, n = 6, p < 0.05, comparisons are made between * Group 1 versus Group 2; # Group 2 versus Group 4