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Table 2 Generic Arabic character-phoneme mappings

From: Heterophonic speech recognition using composite phones

Ch Rm Phone CP Ch Rm Phone CP
ــَـ a a   ـْـ o ϕ  
ـُـ u u   ـّـ ~ Geminate  
ـِـ i i   ـ’ـ G a: {a:}
ـًـ F a 0 {0} ذ * ? {?}
ـٌ N u 0 {0} ر r 6 {6}
ـٍـ K i 0 {0} ز z A {A}
ء - {-} س s @ {@}
أ > - {-} ش $ B {B}
ؤ & - {-} ص S @ {@}
إ < - {-} ض D $ {$}
ئ } - {-} ط T # {#}
ا A a: or
ϕ or -
{a:} or
ϕ or {-}
ظ Z ? {?}
ى Y a: {a:} ع E M {M}
آ | - a: {-} {a:} غ g K {K}
ب b " {"} ف f < {<}
ة p # or N {#} or {N} ق q + {+}
ت t # {#} ك k ) {)}
ث v > {>} م m . {.}
ج j C {C} ن n 0 {0}
ح H L {L} ه h N {N}
خ x J {J} و w f or u: {f} or {u:}
ل l W or ϕ {W} or ϕ ي y U or i: {U} or {i:}
د d $ {$}     
  1. Phonemes are represented by IPA symbols. CPs are represented by curl bracketed IPA symbols. Bold IPA symbols in text denote gemination (not shown in table)
  2. Buckwalter transliteration (Roman) is used, with extra symbol added for Madd