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Table 2 HLM results

From: Servant leadership and employee voice behavior: a cross-level investigation in China

Variable model Psychological safety Voice behavior
M1 M4 M2 M3 M5 M6 M7
Intercept 4.00*** 3.53** 4.27*** 3.06*** 2.86*** 2.97*** −8.46**
Level-1
 Gender   0.03   0.01 0.01 0.01 −0.11
 Age   0.01   −0.01 −0.01 0.01 0.01
 Politics status   −0.04   −0.07 −0.06 −0.07 −0.04
 Tenure   −0.04   0.01 0.01 0.01 −0.02
 Highest education   −0.10   −0.06 −0.06 −0.05 0.02
 Psychological safety      0.26*   
 SSGX        2.99***
Level-2
 Servant leadership   0.11*   0.35***   0.33***  
 SSGX×SL        −0.67***
Variance decomposition
 σ2 0.291 0.291 0.146 0.146 0.145 0.271 0.139
 τ00 0.057 0.061 0.008 0.009 0.055 0.016 0.014
  1. Regression coefficients are robust standard errors of unstandardized coefficients
  2. SL servant leadership, SSGX supervisor-subordinate Guanxi
  3. * p < 0. 05, **p < 0. 01, *** p < 0.001