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Table 5 Independent sample t test results between genders

From: The influence of corporate social responsibility, ability, reputation, and transparency on hotel customer loyalty in the U.S.: a gender-based approach

Gender differences   Mean SD t value (two-tailed) P value Levene’s test
F value Significance
CSR Male 3.834 .560 −3114 .002** .389 .533
  Female 3.995 .575     
CA Male 3.939 .573 −4.175 .000*** .109 .742
  Female 4.153 .556     
CR Male 4.131 .568 −4.074 .000*** 1.046 .307
  Female 4.333 .522     
CSR related transparency Male 3.808 .599 −2.921 .004** .265 .607
  Female 3.973 .642     
  1. CSR corporate social responsibility, CA corporate ability, CR corporate reputation
  2. ** p < .01; *** p < .001 (two-tailed)