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Table 1 Summarized research results of Empowerment Scale

From: Psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Client Empowerment Scale in chronic patients

Author(s) Measure Methods Subjects Results
Mikky 44-Item Client Empowerment Scale Principal component analysis 318 clients with various chronic health conditions The 44 items were rescored on a five-point scale
Rogers et al. 28-Item Empowerment Scale Principal components factor analysis 271 members of six self-help Programs Five-factors: self-efficacy, power, community activism; righteous anger; and optimism and control over the future
Faulkner 100-Item Patient Empowerment/Disempowerment Scale Frequency score 102 elderly patients Offered as a means of identifying hospital environments which facilitate independence
Anderson et al. 28-Item Diabetes-Patient Empowerment Scale Principal component analysis diabetes 375 and 229 diabetes patients Three-factor solution accounts for 56 % of the total variance
Bulsara et al. 28-Item Patient Empowerment Scale Rasch model analysis 100 cancer patients Fitted the Rasch model with the exception of two items
Hansson and Bjorkman 28-Item Empowerment Scale Confirmatory factor analysis 176 subjects with mental illness Good construct validity; two-factors: self-esteem and activism and community and power
Kettunen et al. 43-Item Empowering-Speech Scale Confirmatory factor analysis 127 counseling situations Second-order two-factor solution explained 59 % of variation