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Table 3 Top 10 export markets and their concentration rates for Turkey and Sakarya in selected years.

From: Measuring the globalization of cities from the new regionalism perspective

CR 2002 2006 2010 2014
Country Share (%) CR (%) Country Share (%) CR (%) Country Share (%) CR (%) Country Share (%) CR (%)
Turkey
CR1 Germany 16.2 16.2 Germany 11.3 11.32 Germany 10 10.0 Germany 9.61 9.6
CR2 USA 9.31 25.5 UK 7.9 19.29 UK 6.3 16.4 Iraq 6.91 16.5
CR3 UK 8.39 33.9 Italy 7.8 27.19 Italy 5.7 22.1 UK 6.28 22.0
CR4 Italy 6.59 40.5 USA 5.9 33.1 France 5.3 27.4 Italy 4.53 27.3
CR5 France 5.92 46.4 France 5.3 38.49 Iraq 5.3 32.7 France 4.1 31.4
CR6 Russia 3.25 49.7 Spain 4.3 42.83 Russia 4.0 36.8 USA 4.02 35.4
CR7 Spain 3.12 52.8 Russia 3.7 46.62 USA 3.3 40.1 Russia 3.77 39.2
CR8 Neth. 2.93 55.7 Iraq 3.0 49.65 Spain 3.1 43.2 Spain 3.01 42.2
CR9 Israel 2.39 58.1 Neth. 2.9 52.62 UAE 2.9 46.1 UAE 2.95 45.2
CR10 Belgium 1.9 60.0 Romania 2.7 55.3 Iran 2.6 48.4 Iran 2.4 47.6
Sakarya
CR1 Israel 13.8 13.8 Germany 15.6 15.6 Germany 18.6 18.6 Russia 13.1 13.1
CR2 Germany 9.5 23.3 France 10.5 26.2 Spain 12.8 31.4 Israel 9.4 22.5
CR3 Finland 8.4 31.7 Spain 9 35.2 France 8.4 39.7 Germany 7.8 30.4
CR4 Ireland 7.5 39.2 Russia 6.7 41.9 UK 8.4 48.1 UK 7.5 37.9
CR5 Italy 7 46.3 UK 6.7 48.6 Sweden 5.9 54 France 6.6 44.5
CR6 Poland 5.8 52.1 Italy 5.1 53.7 Italy 4.8 58.8 Belgium 6.2 50.7
CR7 Russia 4.3 56.4 Finland 4.2 57.9 Belgium 4.1 62.9 Egypt 4.9 55.5
CR8 Azerb. 3.8 60.1 Belgium 4.1 62 Poland 3.7 66.6 Spain 4.7 60.3
CR9 Portugal 3.4 63.5 Neth. 4.1 66.1 Russia 3.6 70.2 Poland 4.6 64.9
CR10 Spain 2.5 66 Denmark 2.7 68.8 Switzer. 2.8 73 Sweden 4.3 69.1