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Table 1 Physical characteristics of LDD and non-LDD groups

From: Asymmetrical and smaller size of trunk muscles in combat sports athletes with lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration

  LDD (69 athletes) Non-LDD (82 athletes) p value
Age (years) 19.8 ± 1.1 (19.6–20.1) 19.4 ± 1.1 (19.1–19.6) 0.017
Height (cm) 173.5 ± 6.1 (172.1–175.0) 169.9 ± 6.5 (168.5–171.3) 0.001
Body weight (kg) 83.2 ± 14.8 (79.7–86.8) 73.0 ± 11.4 (70.4–75.5) <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 27.6 ± 4.1 (26.6–28.5) 25.2 ± 2.7 (24.6–25.8) <0.001
Combat sports experience (years) 9.1 ± 4.1 (8.1–10.1) 8.4 ± 4.0 (7.5–9.3) 0.298
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD (95 % CI)
  2. Combat sports experience: years of combat sports experience
  3. LDD lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration, BMI body mass index