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Table 3 Socio-economic and institutional characteristics of sheep and goat farmers

From: Determinants of adaptation choices to climate change by sheep and goat farmers in Northern Ethiopia: the case of Southern and Central Tigray, Ethiopia

Variables Agro-ecological setting Total
Highland Midland Lowland
Sex head     
Male (1) 54 (48.6) 82 (92.1) 109 (92.4) 245 (77.0)
Female (0) 57 (51.4) 7 (7.9) 9 (7.6) 73 (23.0)
Education
Illiterate (1) 53 (47.7) 21 (23.6) 36 (30.5) 126 (39.6)
Informally literate (2) 29 (26.1) 16 (17.9) 4 (3.4) 49 (15.4)
Primary school (3) 22 (19.8) 48 (53.9) 71 (60.1) 141 (44.3)
Secondary school (4) 5 (4.6) 4 (4.5) 6 (5.0) 15 (4.7)
Above Secondary school (5) 2 (1.8) 0 (0) 1 (0.84) 3 (0.9)
Access to credit     
Yes (1) 98 (88.2) 86 (96.6) 111 (94.1) 295 (92.8)
No (0) 13 (11.7) 3 (3.4) 7 (5.9) 23 (7.2)
Off-farm participation     
Yes (1) 74 (66.7) 18 (20.2) 97 (82.2) 189 (59.4)
No (0) 37 (33.3) 71 (79.8) 21 (17.8) 129 (40.6)