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Table 5 Crude- and adjusted odds ratios (OR) for impaired HRQoL assessed by VEINES-QOL

From: Health-related quality of life after deep vein thrombosis

Variable VEINES-QOL
N = 195 Crude OR (95 % CI) p value# Adjusted ORa (95 % CI) p value# adjusted
Female 67 2.0 (1.1–3.8) 0.025 2.5 (1.1–6.0) 0.04
Age (continuous variable) 195 1.0 (1.0–1.0) 1.0   
Time from DVT to examination (continuous variable) 195 1.0 (0.9-1.2) 0.8   
Unemployed 108 1.8 (1.0–3.4) 0.07   
BMI > 30.0 kg/m2 56 5.0 (2.6–9.7) <0.001 4.1 (1.7–9.7) <0.001
Current or previous daily smoking 103 1.0 (0.5–1.7) 0.8   
Still on anticoagulation 52 1.4 (0.7– 2.7) 0.3   
No ECS after DVT 14 0.5 (0.1–2) 0.4   
COPD 8 1.2 (0.3–5.4) 0.8   
Heart failure 10 9.2 (1.9–44.8) 0.06   
Current or previous cancer 13 0.9 (0.3–3.1) 0.9   
Proximal DVTb 120 0.8 (0.5–1.7) 0.7   
PTS 91 28.7 (11.3–73.0) <0.001 28.2 (10.6–75.0) <0.001
Multiple DVTs 59 1.8 (1.0–3.5) 0.06   
Provoked DVT 64 1.1 (0.6–2.1) 0.7   
  1. DVT deep vein thrombosis, ECS elastic compression stockings, BMI body mass index, PTS post thrombotic syndrome, COPD chronic pulmonary obstructive disease, Impaired HRQoL VEINES-QOL <25th percentile in patient group (41.7)
  2. #Wald test
  3. aAdjusted for all other significant variables in the multivariate model
  4. bIn or above popliteal vein