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Table 3 Measures of complexity for essays in the pre-test and the post-test

From: The effects of data-driven learning activities on EFL learners’ writing development

Group Complexity Test N M SD 95 % confidence interval of the difference t Sig.(2-tailed)
Lower Upper
Ex. TTR Pre-test 26 5.5104 0.8483 −0.6384 0.4630 −0.328 0.746
Post-test 26 5.5981 0.8662     
C/T Pre-test 26 1.6258 0.3561 −0.2433 0.9328 −0.918 0.367
Post-test 26 1.7008 0.2446     
  1. TTR type–token ratio (word types per square root of two times the words), C/T clauses/T-units