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Table 1 Measure of fluency for essays in the pre-test and the post-test

From: The effects of data-driven learning activities on EFL learners’ writing development

Group Test N M SD 95 % confidence interval of the difference t Sig.(2-tailed)
Lower Upper
Ex. Pre-test 26 135.08 21.735 −73.4563 −36.7744 −6.189 0.000*
Post-test 26 190.19 40.634     
  1. M mean number of words per composition
  2. * p < 0.05