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Table 2 Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis of risk factors associated with preoperative anemia

From: A retrospective evaluation of preoperative anemia in patients undergoing radical cystectomy for muscle-invasive urothelial urinary bladder cancer, with or without neoadjuvant chemotherapy

Variable Univariate Multivariate
OR 95 % CI p value OR 95 % CI p value
Age 1.046 1.015–1.078 0.004 1.071 1.029–1.114 0.001
Gender       
 Male Referent    Referent   
 Female 0.644 0.363–1.146 0.134 0.462 0.216–0.985 0.046
BMI 0.944 0.884–1.007 0.081 0.908 0.837–0.986 0.022
ASA score       
 I and II Referent    Referent   
 III and IV 1.708 1.000–2.917 0.050 1.761 0.886–3.500 0.106
Hydronephrosis 2.564 1.388–4.736 0.003 1.761 0.829–3.778 0.140
Reciept of NAC 6.744 3.619–12.569 <0.001 9.668 4.456–20.480 <0.001
Prior heart attack 1.058 0.506–2.213 0.881    
Hypertonia 0.845 0.507–1.410 0.521    
Atrial fibrillation 1.222 0.474–3.155 0.678    
Asthma/COPD 0.452 0.151–1.264 0.130    
Diabetes mellitus 1.088 0.499–2.374 0.832    
cT       
 cT2 Referent    Referent   
 cT3 1.961 1.029–3.739 0.041 1.781 0.767–4.135 0.179
 cT4 4.814 1.011–22.912 0.048 2.878 0.506–16.378 0.233
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, BMI body mass index, ASA American Society of Anesthesiologists, NAC neoadjuvant chemotherapy, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cT  clinical tumor stage