Skip to main content

Table 8 Use of pesticides, fertilizers, and farmyard manure (FYM) of small scale (SS), medium scale (MS) and large scale (LS) date palm growers in four provinces (Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh, and Baluchistan) of Pakistan interviewed during 2012–2013

From: Socio-economic characterisation of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) growers and date value chains in Pakistan

Variable SS growers (n = 121) MS growers (n = 30) LS growers (n = 19) χ2 P
Use of pesticide
Yes 69 47 42 9.038 ≤0.011
No 31 53 58
Use of fertilizer
Yes 98 77 79 18.484 ≤0.001
No 2 23 21
Use of FYM
Yes 66 63 37 6.010 ≤0.050
No 34 37 63