Skip to main content

Table 7 Key characteristics of major variables distinguished by 170 date palm growers in four provinces (Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh, and Baluchistan) of Pakistan interviewed during 2012–2013

From: Socio-economic characterisation of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) growers and date value chains in Pakistan

Variable Punjab date palm grower (n = 60) KPK date palm grower (n = 20) Baluchistan date palm grower (n = 50) Sindh date palm grower (n = 40) P*
Transport expenditure (US$) 516 ± 430.14 100 ± 0.510 139 ± 107.264 2769 ± 2001 ≤0.096
Storage expenditure (US$) 48 ± 0 15 ± 0 500 ± 92.231 601 ± 132 ≤0.088
Annual sale (US$) 317 ± 1158 10304 ± 8036 2123 ± 1523 24115 ± 6312 ≤0.001
Mature date palms 74 ± 194 385 ± 360 175 ± 64 1216 ± 562 ≤0.001
Yield (number of bunches date palm−1) 12 ± 1.671 13 ± 1.261 17 ± 2.255 16 ± 2.554 ≤0.124
Weight of bunch (kg) 6 ± 1.098 15 ± 1.341 11.48 ± 1.265 14 ± 1.918 ≤0.093
Price of fresh date kg−1 (US$) 0.701 ± 0.51 2.48 ± 0.51 0.841 ± 0.301 0.871 ± 0.23 ≤0.402
Price of dried date kg−1 (US$) 0.961 ± 0 0 ± 0 0.691 ± 0.261 0.591 ± 0.101 ≤0.322
Price of chuhara kg−1 (US$) 0.916 ± 1.311 2.181 ± 0.591 1.531 ± 0.061 0.531 ± 0.181 ≤0.191
  1. Data show means ± one standard deviation
  2. P = probability/significance value
  3. * Kruskal–Wallis test