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Table 6 Marketing of dates of 170 small scale (SS), medium scale (MS) and large scale (LS) palm growers in four provinces (Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh, and Baluchistan) of Pakistan, interviewed during 2012–2013

From: Socio-economic characterisation of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) growers and date value chains in Pakistan

Variable SS grower (n = 121) MS grower (n = 30) LS grower (n = 19)
Consumer/buyer of dates
Contractor 12 37 32
Wholesaler 14 43 68
Commission agent 32 11 0
Retailer 0 0 0
Hawker 0 3 0
Directly to consumer 0 3 0
Market 0 3 0
Self-consumption 42 0 0
Reasons for contract
Shortage of money 26 33 42
Distance to market 54 27 37
Shortage of labour 10 13 5
Lack of time 10 27 16